health Chapter 3 Review

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Author:
turkeygobble
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108584
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health Chapter 3 Review
Updated:
2011-10-15 00:36:08
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Health
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This is health chap 3
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  1. How many servings of bread, cereal, rice, and pasta should we have a day.
    6-11
  2. Dark Green and yellow veggies provide what combination to your diet
    -Folic Acid, magnesium, zink, and fiber
    -fiber, carbohydrates, vitaminB, B6, iron
    -protien, riboflavin, Vitamin A, B6, B12
    -protien, phosphorus, and niacin
    Folic acid, magnesium, zink, fiber
  3. What is a sering of dairy group
    8 fluid oz. of milk
  4. Acord to book, if children learn healthy eating habits by what age will they be more likly carry over into adulthood.
    8
  5. at what age does your metabolism begin to slow down
    28-30
  6. what is a calorie
    unit of heat the body uses for energy
  7. What is the daily recomended amount of fiber we should get
    25-35 grams
  8. About how many pounds of sugar does the average american eat a year
    130 pounds a year
  9. Acorrding to the American Heart Association, American Cancer Society, and the national cance institude people should not exceed what percentage of fat in thier diet,
    30%
  10. Generally your body needs how many glasses of fluid (water) a day?
    7-10, 8 oz glasses
  11. ______ is the assumed percent for the non-pregnant adult
    RDA
  12. _______ is thought to slow down osteoporosis
    Vitamin D
  13. _______ is valuable for those not eating a well balanced and varied diet
    supplements
  14. Vitamins
    An organic substance needed to regulate and coordinate functions of the body
  15. Foods that have vitamins or minerals added are ______
    enriched/fortified
  16. _________ is thought to aid in the prevention of cancer
    Vitamin C
  17. Minerals
    an inorganic substances essential for your body
  18. Good cholestrol is called _________
    HDL
  19. ________ tends to increase colestrol levels
    saturated fat
  20. _____________ is considered bad cholestrol
    LDL
  21. ________are starches that are broken down by the body into two or more sugars
    Complex carbohydrates
  22. The chief component of every protein is ________
    amino acids
  23. What are 6 main types of nutrients
    • -proteins
    • -carbohydrates
    • -fats
    • -vitamins
    • -minerals
    • -water
  24. Why is making wise food choices hard
    • -lables are confusing
    • -easy acsess to unhealthy food
    • -Dont always taste as good
  25. What are 3 nutrients that are essential but give body no calories or energy
    • -water
    • -vitamins
    • -minerals
  26. The body turns carbohydrates into a type of sugar called _________
    glucose
  27. Fats are essential to the body because (6 reasons)
    • -growth and repair
    • -maintain body temp
    • -cusion vital organs
    • -insulation
    • -keep skin from becoming dry and flaky
    • -manufacture of certain hormones
  28. What is the only source of nitrogen for your body
    protein
  29. _______ is a chain of fatty acids
    fat
  30. ____________ tends to increase blood cholestrol levels
    saturated fat
  31. _________ is a waxy substance carried around in the bloodstream by lipoprotiens.
    cholesrtol
  32. __________ do not tend to elevate cholestrol levels
    unsaturated fat
  33. According to food pyrimid how many servings of Grains should a person get a day
    6-11
  34. According to food pyrimid how many servings of meat should a person get a day
    2-3
  35. According to food pyrimid how many servings of fruit should a person get a day
    2-4
  36. According to food pyrimid how many servings of vegtables should a person get a day
    3-5
  37. According to food pyrimid how many servings of dairy should a person get a day
    2-3
  38. According to food pyrimid how many servings of fats and oils should a person get a day
    only a sparing amount
  39. What is your basal metabolism
    the ability to use energy at a higher rate when your body is at rest
  40. List the steps in perscription for good nutrition
    • -Eat a variety of foods
    • -Maintain ideal weight
    • -Use exercise to keep metabolism high
    • -Increase dietary fiber to 25-35 grams a day
    • -eat less sugar
    • -eat less sodium
    • -eat less fat
    • -Avoid alcohal and smoking
    • -drink plenty of water
    • -Avoid eating while under stress
  41. _______ is a hormoned released from the pancreas to regulate the sugar in the body
    Insulin
  42. ________ is the source of calories that come from fat in the diet.
    Fat calories
  43. ________ self induced starvation resulting in extreme weight loss and characterized by a fear of gaining weight and becoming fat.
    Anorexia
  44. Bulimia
    • bulimia
    • pattern of bingeing and followed by self-induced vomitting or laxative abuse with or without weight loss

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