Alterations in neurological function study1

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phillipsam
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108651
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Alterations in neurological function study1
Updated:
2011-10-14 20:28:56
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neurological
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neurological study
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  1. Q. A 30-year-old white male recently suffered a cerebrovascular
    accident. Which of the following is the most likely factor that contributed to
    his stroke?
    A. Diabetes
  2. Q. A 72-year-old male demonstrates left-sided weakness of upper and
    lower extremities, blurred vision and dizziness. The symptoms disappear in 24
    hours. He most likely experienced a




















    Q. A 72-year-old male demonstrates left-sided weakness of upper and
    lower extremities, blurred vision and dizziness. The symptoms disappear in 24
    hours. He most likely experienced a



    A. Transient ischemic attack
    A. Transient ischemic attack
  3. Q. A major contributing process in cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) is
    the development of atheromatous plaques in cerebral circulation. These most
    commonly form:
    A. In cerebral arteries
  4. Q. One risk factor for thrombotic stroke is:
    A. High blood cholesterol
  5. Q. A 75-year-old male experienced
    a lacunar stroke. This type of stroke is most often

    associated with:
    A. Hypertension
  6. Q. .A 60-year-old female with a recent history of head trauma and a
    long-term history ofhypertension presents to the ER for changes in mental
    status. MRI reveals that she had ahemorrhagic stoke. This type of stroke is
    often caused by:
    A. Subarachnoid haemorrhage
  7. Q. A 48-year-old female presents at the emergency department complaining
    of an acute severe headache, nausea, photophobia, and nuchal rigidity. These
    signs and symptoms are probably caused by:
    A. Subarachnoid haemorrhage
  8. Q. A 65-year-old male suffers a subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to
    uncontrolled

    hypertension. He appears drowsy and confused with pronounced focal
    neurologic

    deficits. This condition is classified as grade:
    A. III
  9. Q. A 69-year-old male with a history of alcohol abuse presents to the ER
    after a month-long episode of headaches and confusion. Based on his alcoholism,
    a likely cause of his neurologic symptoms is:






















    Q. A 69-year-old male with a history of alcohol abuse presents to the ER
    after a month-long episode of headaches and confusion. Based on his alcoholism,
    a likely cause of his neurologic symptoms is:



    A. Chronic subdural haematoma
    A. Cerebral cortex and hippocampus
  10. Q. The pathological brain changes that occur with Alzheimer disease
    include neurofibrillary tangles and accumulations of senile plaques that are
    concentrated in:
    A. Cerebral cortex and hippocampus
  11. Q. A 40-year-old male complains of abnormal movement and progressive
    dysfunction of intellectual and thought processes. He is experiencing movement
    problems that begin in the face and arms and eventually affect the entire body.
    The most likely diagnosis is:
    A. Huntington disease
  12. Q. A 23-year-old female begins having problems with tiredness, weakness,
    and visual

    changes. Her diagnosis is multiple sclerosis (MS). The pathogenic model
    of multiple

    sclerosis includes:
    A. Demyelination of axon tracts in the CNS
  13. Q. The cause of multiple sclerosis (MS) seems to be an interaction
    between:
    A. Autoimmunity and genetic susceptibility
  14. Q. Classic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor
    neuron disease,

    presents with:
    A. Muscle weakness and atrophy
  15. Q. Myasthenia gravis results from:
    A. Autoimmune injury at the neuromuscular junction
  16. Q. A 25-year-old female presents to her physician complaining of fever,
    headache, nuchalrigidity, and decreased consciousness. She was previously
    treated for sinusitis. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis
    A. Bacterial meningitis
  17. Q. Currently, the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in children
    under 5 years is:
    A. Neisseria meningitides
  18. Q. Viral meningitis:
    A. Often occurs with measles, mumps, or herpes
  19. Q. In viral meningitis, laboratory analysis of CSF reveals a heavy
    presence of:
    A. Lymphocytes
  20. Q. Most causes of encephalitis are:
    A. Viral
  21. Q. The most common primary intracerebral CNS tumors in adults are:
    A. Astrocytomas.
  22. Q. A 45-year-old male presents with seizures. An MRI reveals a
    meningioma most likely originating from the:
    A. Dura mater and arachnoid membrane
  23. Q. What nutrient deficiency causes neural tube defects in the early
    stages of pregnancy?
    A. Folic acid
  24. Q. The most common type of cerebral palsy is:
    A. Spastic
  25. Q. A child is diagnosed with cerebral palsy, characterized by extreme
    difficulty in fine motor coordination and purposeful movement. Which of the
    following types of cerebral palsy is he experiencing?
    A. Dyskinetic

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