12 stress

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Author:
sanchez
ID:
108660
Filename:
12 stress
Updated:
2011-10-13 07:54:29
Tags:
MS
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MS
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  1. •Nonspecific response to any demand made on body
    stress
  2. –Any situation, event, or agent that produces stress

    •Stimulus that evokes need to adapt
    •Can be internal or external
    •May be pleasant event
    stressor
  3. –Inner force individual uses to respond or adapt to stress
    adaptive energy
  4. how many stages of General Adaptation Syndrome
    3
  5. GAS stage _____

    –Crisis or alarm
    –Body readies itself to handle stressors
    stage 1
  6. GAS stage _______


    –Adaptation or resistance
    –Body attempts to defend against stressor through fight-or-flight response
    stage 2
  7. GAS stage ____


    –Exhaustion
    –If adaptive energy cannot deal with prolonged stress
    stage 3
  8. •Physiologic response to stressor on specific body part
    •Usually temporary process that resolves when traumatized area restored to pre-injury state
    local adaptation syndrome
  9. •Type of stress resulting in positive outcomes
    eustress
  10. •Stressors evoking ineffective response
    distress
  11. •Ongoing process whereby individuals adjust to stressors and change
    adaptation
  12. •Happen automatically
    •Considered maladaptive when used as the only way individual responds to threat or limits his ability to function
    •Unconscious functions protecting mind from anxiety
    •Used to gain and maintain psychological homeostasis
    defense mechanis,
  13. •Used to avoid conflict and stress
    •Prevent individual from making progress toward resolving and accepting stress
    •May include somatic disorders, rituals, excessive use of alcohol or drugs, excessive eating, or withdrawal from reality
    maladaptive measure
  14. •Occurs when stressors surpass ability to cope
    •Coping mechanisms no longer adequate
    •Characterized by extreme anxiety, disorganized behavior, and inability to function
    •Time-limited
    crisis
  15. •Subjective response occurring when person experiences real or perceived threat to well-being
    •Diverse feeling of dread or apprehension
    •Psychological response to threat
    •Most common emotional response to stress
    anxiety
  16. •Dynamic process
    •Inevitable and constant
    •May be eustressful or distressful
    •Can be externally imposed or self-initiated
    •Can occur abruptly or have gradual onset
    •Requires energy to effect and resist
    change
  17. –Person who intentionally creates and implements change
    change agent = NURSE

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