Card Set Information

2011-10-14 21:07:26
Alterations haematological function across life span

Show Answers:

  1. Q. Erythrocytes
    that are _____ contain an abnormally low concentration of haemoglobin.
    A. Hypochromic
  2. Q.
    What haemodynamic change occurs after initial compensation for a reduction in
    the number of circulating erythrocytes?
    A.Hyperdynamic blood flow
  3. Q. A
    25-year-old female has a heavy menses during which she loses a profuse amount
    of blood. Which of the following adaptations could be expected?
    A.Capillary dilation
  4. Q. A
    34-year-old male presents in the ED with extreme fatigue and shortness of
    breath. His skin and sclera appear to have a yellowish discoloration. These
    findings are consistent with which type of anaemia?
    A.Haemolytic anaemia
  5. Q.
    Cause of her anaemia is:
    A.Iron deficiency
  6. Q. A
    21-year-old female was recently diagnosed with iron deficiency anaemia. In
    addition to fatigue and weakness, which of the following clinical signs and
    symptoms would she most likely exhibit?
    A.Red, sore tongue
  7. Q.
    Which of the following tests directly measure iron stores?
    A.Bone marrow biopsy
  8. Q. A
    newborn is diagnosed with congenital intrinsic factor deficiency. From which of
    the following types of anaemia does he suffer?
    A. Perniciousanaemia
  9. Q. A 35-year-old female is diagnosed with
    vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia. A decrease in which of the following is the
    most likely cause?
    A.Intrinsic factor
  10. Q. Which of the following individuals is at
    highest risk for developing a vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia?
    A.a 47-year-old male who had a gastrectomy procedure (removal of the stomach)
  11. Q. A 40-year-old male vegetarian is diagnosed
    with folate deficiency anaemia. He reports that he is an alcoholic. Which of
    the following factors put him at greatest risk for developing his disease?
    A.Being alcoholic
  12. Q. A 50-year-old male experiences loss of
    appetite, weight loss and a beefy red tongue shortly before his death. Autopsy
    would most likely reveal:
    A.Heart failure.
  13. Q.
    The Schilling test for pernicious anaemia involves:
    A.The administration of radioactive vitamin B12 and the measurement of itsexcretion in the urine.
  14. Q.
    Aplastic anaemia is caused by:
    A.Bone marrow suppression.
  15. Q. Maternal–fetal blood
    incompatibility may exist in which of the following conditions?

    A. The mother is Rh-negative and the
    fetus is Rh-positive.
    A. The mother is Rh-negative and thefetus is Rh-positive.
  16. Q. A 67-year-old female is
    admitted to the ED with a diagnosis of polycythaemia vera. This has occurred as
    a result of:

    A. Abnormal proliferation of
    red cells.
    A. Abnormal proliferation of red cells.
  17. Q. Thrombocytopenia may be:
    A. Congenital or acquired.
  18. Q. A 52-year-old male IV drug
    user was diagnosed with hepatitis C five years ago. He is now experiencing
    impaired blood clotting. A decrease in which of the following vitamins could be
    the cause?
    A. K
  19. Q. Haemophilia B is caused by a deficiency of
    A. Factor IX.
  20. Q. Individuals with liver
    disease often suffer from coagulation disorders because:
    A. Clotting factors areproduced in the liver.
  21. Q. A 40-year-old female
    develops disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The most likely cause of
    this condition is:
  22. Q. The sequence of events in
    DIC is initiated by the release of:
    A. Tissue factor.
  23. Q. In DIC, active bleeding
    occurs after intravascular clotting because:
    A.Clotting factors are depleted
  24. Q. A 22-year-old female just
    delivered a healthy baby girl. She suffered from eclampsia during her
    pregnancy, and on the second postnatal day she complained of bleeding gums and
    bruising on her arms and legs. Haematology lab tests indicate she has DIC.
    Further testing reveals an increase in:
    A. Fibrin degradation products(FDPs).
  25. Q. Leucocytosis can be defined
    A. A high leucocyte count.
  26. Q. A 15-year-old female
    presents with splenomegaly, hepatomegaly and lymph node enlargement. She is
    diagnosed with infectious mononucleosis. Further testing would indicate an
    acute infection of:
    A. B lymphocytes.
  27. Q. A 15-year-old male is
    diagnosed with infectious mononucleosis. The most likely cause is:
    A. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
  28. Q. A 15-year-old male with
    infectious mononucleosis is being given instructions on how to prevent the
    spread of this infection to others. Which statement represents a correct
    A. Do not share drinkingglasses or eating utensils.
  29. Q. A 15-year-old male is diagnosed with
    infectious mononucleosis. He most likely presented with the classic triad of
    symptoms: fever, sore throat and:
    A. Lymph node enlargement.
  30. Q. The most common childhood
    cancer is:
    A. Acute lymphoblasticleukaemia.
  31. Q. A five-year-old male is diagnosed with
    leukaemia. Which of the following symptoms would be expected?
    A. Fatigue
  32. Q. A 10-year-old male with Down syndrome
    undergoes chemotherapy for cancer. Following treatment, he is most susceptible
    A. Acute myelocytic leukaemia.
  33. Q. Known causes of acute
    leukaemia include:
    A.Chemotherapy treatment for other cancers
  34. Q. A 10-year-old male is
    diagnosed with leukaemia. Which of the following could be associated with his
    A. Down syndrome
  35. Q.
    A five-year-old female is diagnosed with acute leukaemia. She will most likely
    be treated with:
  36. Q.
    A 35-year-old female is diagnosed with lymphadenopathy. The most likely finding
    leading to this diagnosis is:
    A.Enlarged lymph nodes.
  37. Q.
    A 35-year-old male has enlarged lymph nodes in the neck and a mediastinal mass.
    He is diagnosed with Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Which of the following abnormal cells
    would be expected with this disease?
    A.Reed-Sternberg cell
  38. Q. A 62-year-old female tells her healthcare
    provider she has been experiencing regular night sweats that cause her to wake
    up drenched. She also remarks that she has been unintentionally losing weight.
    Physical exam reveals enlarged lymph nodes on her neck that do not appear to be
    painful. She should be screened for which of the following cancers?
    A. Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  39. Q. Multiple myeloma can be
    defined as a neoplasm of:
    A. B cells.
  40. Q. A 65-year-old male is
    diagnosed with multiple myeloma. He complains of severe pain. This pain can be
    attributed to:
    A. Destruction of bone tissue.
  41. Q. A five-year-old male is diagnosed with
    normocytic-normochromic anaemia. Which of the following anaemias falls into
    this category?
    A. Haemolytic anaemia
  42. Q. A common, life-threatening
    complication of a thrombus in a deep vein is:
    A. Pulmonary embolus.
  43. Q. A 20-year-old female has an increase in
    eosinophils. Which of the following is the most likely cause?
    A. Parasitic invasion and allergic reactions