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that are _____ contain an abnormally low concentration of haemoglobin.
What haemodynamic change occurs after initial compensation for a reduction in
the number of circulating erythrocytes?
A.Hyperdynamic blood flow
25-year-old female has a heavy menses during which she loses a profuse amount
of blood. Which of the following adaptations could be expected?
34-year-old male presents in the ED with extreme fatigue and shortness of
breath. His skin and sclera appear to have a yellowish discoloration. These
findings are consistent with which type of anaemia?
Cause of her anaemia is:
21-year-old female was recently diagnosed with iron deficiency anaemia. In
addition to fatigue and weakness, which of the following clinical signs and
symptoms would she most likely exhibit?
A.Red, sore tongue
Which of the following tests directly measure iron stores?
A.Bone marrow biopsy
newborn is diagnosed with congenital intrinsic factor deficiency. From which of
the following types of anaemia does he suffer?
Q. A 35-year-old female is diagnosed with
vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia. A decrease in which of the following is the
most likely cause?
Q. Which of the following individuals is at
highest risk for developing a vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia?
A.a 47-year-old male who had a gastrectomy procedure (removal of the stomach)
Q. A 40-year-old male vegetarian is diagnosed
with folate deficiency anaemia. He reports that he is an alcoholic. Which of
the following factors put him at greatest risk for developing his disease?
Q. A 50-year-old male experiences loss of
appetite, weight loss and a beefy red tongue shortly before his death. Autopsy
would most likely reveal:
The Schilling test for pernicious anaemia involves:
A.The administration of radioactive vitamin B12 and the measurement of itsexcretion in the urine.
Aplastic anaemia is caused by:
A.Bone marrow suppression.
Q. Maternal–fetal blood
incompatibility may exist in which of the following conditions?
A. The mother is Rh-negative and the
fetus is Rh-positive.
A. The mother is Rh-negative and thefetus is Rh-positive.
Q. A 67-year-old female is
admitted to the ED with a diagnosis of polycythaemia vera. This has occurred as
a result of:
A. Abnormal proliferation of
A. Abnormal proliferation of red cells.
Q. Thrombocytopenia may be:
A. Congenital or acquired.
Q. A 52-year-old male IV drug
user was diagnosed with hepatitis C five years ago. He is now experiencing
impaired blood clotting. A decrease in which of the following vitamins could be
Q. Haemophilia B is caused by a deficiency of
A. Factor IX.
Q. Individuals with liver
disease often suffer from coagulation disorders because:
A. Clotting factors areproduced in the liver.
Q. A 40-year-old female
develops disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The most likely cause of
this condition is:
Q. The sequence of events in
DIC is initiated by the release of:
A. Tissue factor.
Q. In DIC, active bleeding
occurs after intravascular clotting because:
A.Clotting factors are depleted
Q. A 22-year-old female just
delivered a healthy baby girl. She suffered from eclampsia during her
pregnancy, and on the second postnatal day she complained of bleeding gums and
bruising on her arms and legs. Haematology lab tests indicate she has DIC.
Further testing reveals an increase in:
A. Fibrin degradation products(FDPs).
Q. Leucocytosis can be defined
A. A high leucocyte count.
Q. A 15-year-old female
presents with splenomegaly, hepatomegaly and lymph node enlargement. She is
diagnosed with infectious mononucleosis. Further testing would indicate an
acute infection of:
A. B lymphocytes.
Q. A 15-year-old male is
diagnosed with infectious mononucleosis. The most likely cause is:
A. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
Q. A 15-year-old male with
infectious mononucleosis is being given instructions on how to prevent the
spread of this infection to others. Which statement represents a correct
A. Do not share drinkingglasses or eating utensils.
Q. A 15-year-old male is diagnosed with
infectious mononucleosis. He most likely presented with the classic triad of
symptoms: fever, sore throat and:
A. Lymph node enlargement.
Q. The most common childhood
A. Acute lymphoblasticleukaemia.
Q. A five-year-old male is diagnosed with
leukaemia. Which of the following symptoms would be expected?
Q. A 10-year-old male with Down syndrome
undergoes chemotherapy for cancer. Following treatment, he is most susceptible
A. Acute myelocytic leukaemia.
Q. Known causes of acute
A.Chemotherapy treatment for other cancers
Q. A 10-year-old male is
diagnosed with leukaemia. Which of the following could be associated with his
A. Down syndrome
A five-year-old female is diagnosed with acute leukaemia. She will most likely
be treated with:
A 35-year-old female is diagnosed with lymphadenopathy. The most likely finding
leading to this diagnosis is:
A.Enlarged lymph nodes.
A 35-year-old male has enlarged lymph nodes in the neck and a mediastinal mass.
He is diagnosed with Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Which of the following abnormal cells
would be expected with this disease?
Q. A 62-year-old female tells her healthcare
provider she has been experiencing regular night sweats that cause her to wake
up drenched. She also remarks that she has been unintentionally losing weight.
Physical exam reveals enlarged lymph nodes on her neck that do not appear to be
painful. She should be screened for which of the following cancers?
A. Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Q. Multiple myeloma can be
defined as a neoplasm of:
A. B cells.
Q. A 65-year-old male is
diagnosed with multiple myeloma. He complains of severe pain. This pain can be
A. Destruction of bone tissue.
Q. A five-year-old male is diagnosed with
normocytic-normochromic anaemia. Which of the following anaemias falls into
A. Haemolytic anaemia
Q. A common, life-threatening
complication of a thrombus in a deep vein is:
A. Pulmonary embolus.
Q. A 20-year-old female has an increase in
eosinophils. Which of the following is the most likely cause?
A. Parasitic invasion and allergic reactions