Respiratory System

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Respiratory System
2011-10-14 17:51:58
respiratory system terms

Respiratory system terms
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  1. alevolus/alveoli
    air sacs in the lungs
  2. apex
    tip or uppermost portion of the lung
  3. base
    lower portion of lung
  4. bronchioles
    smallest branches of the bronchi
  5. bronchus/bronchi
    branch of the trachea that is a passageway into the lung bronchial tube
  6. cilia
    thin hairs attached to mucous membrane epithelium lining of the respiratory tract
  7. diaphragm
    muscle separating the chest and abdomen, contracts and relaxes to make breathing possible
  8. epiglottis
    lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx
  9. expiration/exhalation
    breathing out
  10. hilum/hilar
    midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels and nerves enter and exit the lungs
  11. inspiration/inhalation
    breathing in
  12. larynx
    voice box, contains the vocal cords
  13. lobe
    division of a lung
  14. mediastinum
    region between the lungs in the chest cavity, contains trachea, heart, aorta, esophagus, and bronchial tubes
  15. paranasal sinuses
    one of the air cavities in the bones near the nose
  16. parietal pleura
    outer fold of pleura lying closer to the ribs and chest wall
  17. pharynx
  18. pleura space
    double layered membrane surrounding each lung
  19. pleural cavity
    space between the folds of the pleura
  20. pulmonary parenchyma
    essential parts of the lung, responsible for respiration: bronchioles and alveoli
  21. trachea
  22. visceral pleura
    inner fold of pleura lying closer to the lung tissue
  23. pleural rub
    scratchy sound produced by pleural surfaces rubbing against each other
  24. rale(crackle)
    fine crackling sounds heard on auscultation(during inhalation) when there is fluid in the alveoli
  25. rhonchus
    loud rumbling sounds heard on ausculation of bronchi obstructed by sputum
  26. stridor
    strained, high-pitched sound heard on inspiration caused by obstruction in the pharynx or larynx
  27. wheeze
    continuous high-pitched whistling sounds produced during breathing
  28. Cheyne-Strokes respirations
    marked by rhythmic changes in the depth of breathing (rapid breathing and absence of breathing)
  29. bronchoscopy
    fiberoptic endoscope examination of the bronchial tubes
  30. laryngoscopy
    visual examination of the voice box
  31. thoracentesis
    surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space
  32. thoracotomy
    large surgical incision of the chest
  33. endotracheal intubation
    placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx, and trachea to establish an airway
  34. tuberculin test (PPD)
    determines past or present tuberculosis infection based on a positive skin reaction
  35. adenoidectomy
    removal of adenoids- can affect breathing
  36. bronchospasm
    abnormal contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi, resulting in an acute narrowing and obstruction of the respiratory airway
  37. bronchiectasis
    chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection
  38. bronchodilator
    relaxes and expands the smooth muscle of the airways to make breathing easier (medication)
  39. bronchiolitis
    swelling and mucus buildup in the smallest air passages in the lungs (bronchioles), usually due to a viral infection
  40. expectoration
    to cough up
  41. laryngospasm
    abnormal contraction of the smooth muscle of the voice box(larynx)
  42. larynagitis
    inflammation of the voice box
  43. lobectomy
    removal of lobe
  44. orthopnea
    The inability to breathe easily unless one is sitting up straight or standing erect.
  45. pharyngeal
    pertaining to the pharynx
  46. dysphonia
    an impairment in the ability to produce voice sounds using the vocal organs
  47. pleurodynia
    pain in the pleural cavity
  48. pleural effusio
    abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space (cavity)
  49. pneumothorax
    air in the thoracic cavity
  50. pneumonectomy
    removing part of the lung
  51. percussion
    tapping back of the patient, listening for any congestion
  52. spirometer
    instrument to measure lung capacity
  53. atelectasis
    collapsed lung; incomplete expansion of alveoli
  54. hemoptysis
    spitting or coughing up blood
  55. pyothorax
    accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
  56. emypema
    a collection of pus in the pleural cavity
  57. anosmia
    without sense of smell
  58. apnea
    without breathing
  59. dyspnea
    painful to breathe
  60. hyperpnea
    excessive breathing
  61. tachypnea
    fast breathing
  62. asthma
    chronic brochial inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction due to bronchial edema and constriction and increased mucus production
  63. croup
    acute viral infection of infants and children with obstruction of the larynx, barking cough, and stridor
  64. cystic fibrosis
    inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick mucous secretions in the respiratory tract that do not drain normally
  65. diptheria
    acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by the diptheria bacterium
  66. epistaxis
  67. pertussis
    whooping cough, highly contagious bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx and trachea
  68. bronchiectasis
    chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection
  69. chronic bronchitis
    inflammation of bronchi persisting over a long time
  70. emphysema
    hyperinflation of air sacs with distruction of alveolar walls
  71. pneumoconiosis
    abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation, infection, and bronchitis
  72. pneumonia
    acute inflammation and infection of alveoli which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction
  73. pulmonary abscess
    large collection of pus in the lungs
  74. pulmonary edema
    fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
  75. pulmonary embolism
    clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
  76. pleurisy/ pleuritis
    inflammation of the pleura
  77. hydrothorax
    fluid in thorax (pleural cavity)
  78. paroxysmal
    pertaining to a sudden occurance, such as a spasm or seizure
  79. pulmonary infarction
    area of necrosis (death of lung tissue)
  80. purulent
    containing pus
  81. tuberulosis
    infectious disease, lungs usually are involved, but any organ in the body can be affected
  82. mesothelioma
    rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura
  83. SOB
    shortness of breath
  84. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  85. PPD
    purified protein derivative
  86. DOE
    dyspnea on exertion
  87. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  88. C pap machine
    continuous positive airway pressure
  89. anthracosis
    coal dust accumulation in the lungs
  90. asbestosis
    asbestos particles accumulate in the lungs
  91. bacilli
    rod-shaped bacteria
  92. cor pulmonale
    failure of the right side of the heart to pump a sufficient amount of blood to the lungs
  93. exudate
    fluid, cells, and other substances (pus) that filter from cells or capillaries ooze into lesions or areas of inflammation
  94. infiltrate
    collection of fluid or other material within the lung
  95. pallitive
    relieving symptoms, but not curing the disease
  96. silicosis
    disease due to silica or glass dust in the lungs