Lab Midterm

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Author:
mscott2
ID:
108801
Filename:
Lab Midterm
Updated:
2011-10-13 22:45:53
Tags:
anatomy
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Description:
Review for Anatomy Midterm
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  1. superior
    above
  2. inferior
    below
  3. anterior
    font
  4. posterior
    back
  5. medial
    towards the midline
  6. lateral
    away from the midline
  7. cephal cranial
    towards the head
  8. cephalad caudal
    toward the tail
  9. dorsal
    backside
  10. ventral
    belly side
  11. proximal
    nearer the trunk or attached end
  12. distal
    further the trunk or point of attachment
  13. superficial
    external
  14. deep
    internal
  15. frontal plane
    divides the body into anterior and posterior
  16. transverse
    divides the body into superior and inferior parts
  17. midline
    divides the body into two equal parts, right down the midline
  18. dorsal body cavity
    includes the cranial and vertebral cavities
  19. ventral body cavity
    includes the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
  20. RUQ
    right upper quadrant
  21. LUQ
    left upper quadrant
  22. RLQ
    right lower quadrant
  23. LLQ
    left lower quadrant
  24. right hypochondriac region
  25. epigastric region
  26. left hypochondriac region
  27. right lumbar region
  28. umbilical region
  29. left lumbar region
  30. right inguinal region
  31. hypogastric (pubic) region
  32. left inguinal region
  33. organs in the right hypochondriac region
  34. organs of the epigastric region
  35. organs of the left hypochondriac region
  36. organs of the tight right lumbar region
  37. organs of the umbilical region
  38. organs of the left lumbar region
  39. organs of the right iliac region
  40. organs of the hypogastric region
  41. organs of the left iliac region
  42. 11 organ systems
    respitory, skeletal, cardiovascular, integumentary, urinary, reproductive, endocrine, lymphatic, nervous, digestive, muscular
  43. major organs of the integumentary system
    epidermal and dermal regions, cultaneous sense organs and glands
  44. major organs of the skeletal system
    bones, catilages, tendons, ligaments, joints
  45. major organs of the muscular system
    muscles attached to the skeleton
  46. major organs of the nervous system
    brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors
  47. major organs of the endocrine
    pituitary, thymus, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pineal glands; ovaries, testes, pancreas
  48. major organs of the cardiovascular
    heart, blood vessels, and blood
  49. major organs of the lymphatic system
    lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, tonsils, and scattered collections of lymphoid tissue
  50. major organs of the respiratory system
    nasal passages, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs
  51. major organs of the digestive system
    oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines
  52. major organs of the urinary system
    kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
  53. major organs of the reproductive system
    male: testes, prostate gland, scrotum, penis, and duct system

    female: ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, mammary glands, and vagina
  54. chloroplast
  55. endoplasmic reticulum
  56. lysosomes
  57. mitochondrion
  58. centrioles
  59. nucleus
    contains DNA, control of the cell, necessary for cell reproduction
  60. nucleoli
    small round body contained in the nucleus, assembly sites for ribosomal particles
  61. nuclear envelope
    double layer porous membrane surrounding the nucleus
  62. plasma membrane
    bilayer of phospholipids important in cellular interactions
  63. cytosol
    fluid cytoplasmic material
  64. ribosomes
    composed of RNA and protein, site of protein synthesis
  65. endoplasmic reticulum
    system of channels for the transport of cellular substances
  66. golgi apparatus
    modify, segregate, and package proteins
  67. lysosomes

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