pharmacology ch 1-4

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raininx
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108805
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pharmacology ch 1-4
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2011-10-14 19:33:04
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pharmacology ch 1-4
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  1. compliance
    implementation or fulfillment of a prescribers or caregivers prescribed course of treatment or theraputic plan by a patient
  2. Goals
    statements that are time specific and describe generally what is to be accomplished to address a specific nursing diagnosis
  3. Medication error
    Any preventable adverse drug event involving inappropriate medication use by a patient or health care professional; it may or may not cause the patient harm
  4. Noncompliance
    An informed decision on the part of the patient not to adhere to or follow a theraputic plan or suggestion. Also called nonadherence
  5. Nursing process
    an organizational framework for the practice of nursing. it encompasses all steps taken by the nurse in caring for a patient: assesment, nursing diagnosis, planning (with goals and outcome criteria), implementation of the plan(with patient teaching), and evaluation
  6. outcome criteria
    descriptions of specific patient behaviors or responses that demonstrate meeting of or achievement of goals related to each nursing diagnosis. These statements, like goals, should be verifiable, framed in behavioral terms, measurable, and time specific. outcome criteria are consideredto be specific, whereas goals are broad.
  7. prescriber
    any healthcare professional licensed by the appropriate regulatory board to prescribe medications
  8. critical thinking info
    critical thinking is a major part of the nursing process and involves the use of the mind and thought processes to gather information and then develop conclusions, make decisions, draw inferences, and reflect upon al aspects of patient care. the elements of the nursing process address the physical, emotional, spiritual, sexual, financial, cultural, and cognitive aspects of a patient. attention to these many aspects allows a more holistic approach to patient care
  9. Assessment
    During the initial assessment phase of the nursing process, data are collected, reviewed, and analyzed. performing a comprehensive assessment allows the nurse to formulate a nursing diagnosis related to the patients needs.
  10. A medication profile should include, but not be limited to, the following info......
    • 1. any and all drug use
    • 2.use of home or folk remedies and herbal and or homeopathic treatments, plants or animal extracts, and dietary supplements
    • 3. intake of alcohol caffine and tobacco
    • 4. current of past history of illegal drug use
    • 5. use of (over the counter) OTC medication (aspirin vitamins ect)
    • 6. use of hormonal drugs (testosterone estrogen ect)
    • 7. past and present health history and associated drug regimens
    • 8. family hostory and racial, ethnic, and or cultural attributes with attention to specific or different responses to medications as well as any unusual individual responses
    • 9. growth and developmental stage (eriksons developmental tasks) and issues related to the patients age and medication regimen.
  11. objective data
    any information gathered through the senses or that which is seen heard felt or smelled.
  12. A holistic nursing assessment includes...
    gathering data about the individual including physical and emotional realms, religious preface, health beliefs, sociocultural characteristics, race, ethnicity, lifestyle, stressors, socioeconomic status, educational level, motor skills, native and complementary therapies.
  13. Subjective data
    includes informationshared through the spoken word by any reliable source, such as the patient, spouse, family member, significatn other and or caregiver.
  14. what is the patients oral intake? tolerance of fluids? swallowing ability for pills tablets capsules and liquids? if there is difficulty swallowing what is the degree of difficulty and are there solutions to the problem such as thickening agents? what are lab tests and other diagnostic tests related to organ functioning and drug therapy? what do renal studies (blood urea nitrogen level, serum creatine level) show? what are the results of the hepatic function tests? what are the patients white and red blood cell count? hemoglobin and hematocrit? current as well as past health status and presence of illness what are the patients experiences with the use of any drug regimen? what has been the patients experiences with the use of any drug regimen?what has been the patinets relationship with health care professionals and or experiences with previous regimens? what are current and past values for blood pressure pulse rate temp and respiratory rate? what medications is the patients currently taking and how s the patient taking and tolerating them? Are there any issues with compliance? Any use of folk medicines or folk remidies? what is the patients understanding of the mdedication? are there any age related concerns? if patients are not reliable historians. family embers, significant others andor care givers may provide questions to these answers.
  15. Additional data about the patient and a given drug may be gathered by asking these simple questions.
    .
    what is the patients oral intake? tolerance of fluids? swallowing ability for pills tablets capsules and liquids? if there is difficulty swallowing what is the degree of difficulty and are there solutions to the problem such as thickening agents? what are lab tests and other diagnostic tests related to organ functioning and drug therapy? what do renal studies (blood urea nitrogen level, serum creatine level) show? what are the results of the hepatic function tests? what are the patients white and red blood cell count? hemoglobin and hematocrit? current as well as past health status and presence of illness what are the patients experiences with the use of any drug regimen? what has been the patients experiences with the use of any drug regimen?what has been the patinets relationship with health care professionals and or experiences with previous regimens? what are current and past values for blood pressure pulse rate temp and respiratory rate? what medications is the patients currently taking and how s the patient taking and tolerating them? Are there any issues with compliance? Any use of folk medicines or folk remidies? what is the patients understanding of the mdedication? are there any age related concerns? if patients are not reliable historians. family embers, significant others andor care givers may provide questions to these answers.
  16. what is the patients oral intake? tolerance of fluids? swallowing ability for pills tablets capsules and liquids? if there is difficulty swallowing what is the degree of difficulty and are there solutions to the problem such as thickening agents? what are lab tests and other diagnostic tests related to organ functioning and drug therapy? what do renal studies (blood urea nitrogen level, serum creatine level) show? what are the results of the hepatic function tests? what are the patients white and red blood cell count? hemoglobin and hematocrit? current as well as past health status and presence of illness what are the patients experiences with the use of any drug regimen? what has been the patients experiences with the use of any drug regimen?what has been the patinets relationship with health care professionals and or experiences with previous regimens? what are current and past values for blood pressure pulse rate temp and respiratory rate? what medications is the patients currently taking and how s the patient taking and tolerating them? Are there any issues with compliance? Any use of folk medicines or folk remidies? what is the patients understanding of the mdedication? are there any age related concerns? if patients are not reliable historians. family embers, significant others andor care givers may provide questions to these answers.
  17. what is the patients oral intake? tolerance of fluids? swallowing ability for pills tablets capsules and liquids? if there is difficulty swallowing what is the degree of difficulty and are there solutions to the problem such as thickening agents? what are lab tests and other diagnostic tests related to organ functioning and drug therapy? what do renal studies (blood urea nitrogen level, serum creatine level) show? what are the results of the hepatic function tests? what are the patients white and red blood cell count? hemoglobin and hematocrit? current as well as past health status and presence of illness what are the patients experiences with the use of any drug regimen? what has been the patients experiences with the use of any drug regimen?what has been the patinets relationship with health care professionals and or experiences with previous regimens? what are current and past values for blood pressure pulse rate temp and respiratory rate? what medications is the patients currently taking and how s the patient taking and tolerating them? Are there any issues with compliance? Any use of folk medicines or folk remidies? what is the patients understanding of the mdedication? are there any age related concerns? if patients are not reliable historians. family embers, significant others andor care givers may provide questions to these answers.

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