Medical Terminology

Card Set Information

Medical Terminology
2011-10-13 21:12:41
Skeletal terms2

various skeletal terms
Show Answers:

  1. arthralgia
    joint pain
  2. arthtrocentesis
    puncture to withdraw fluid from a joint
  3. arthroclasia
    surgically breaking a joint
  4. arthrodesis
    fusion of a joint
  5. arthrogram
    record of a joint
  6. arthritis
    joint inflammation
  7. arthrotomy
    incision into a joint
  8. arthroscope
    instrument to view inside a joint
  9. bursectomy
    removal of a bursa
  10. bursitis
    inflammation of a bursa
  11. chondrectomy
    removal of cartilage
  12. chondromalacia
    cartilage softening
  13. chondroma
    cartilage tumor
  14. chondroplasty
    surgical repair of cartilage
  15. cortical
    pertaining to the outer portion
  16. intracranial
    pertaining to inside the skull
  17. craniotomy
    incision into the skull
  18. medullary
    pertaining to the inner portion
  19. myeolma
    bone marrow tumor
  20. ostealgia
    bone pain
  21. ostechondroma
    bone and cartilage tumor
  22. osteclasis
    to surgically repair a broken bone
  23. ostemyelitis
    inflammation of bone and bone marrow
  24. osteotomy
    incision into the bone
  25. osteopathy
    bone disease
  26. osteotome
    instrument to cut bone
  27. synovitis
    inflammation of synovial membrane
  28. synovectomy
    removal of synovial membrane
  29. intervertebral
    pertaining to between vertebrae
  30. callus
    mass of bone tissue formed at a fracture during healing
  31. crepitation
    noise produced by bones or cartilage rubbing together
  32. exostosis
    bone spur
  33. kyphosis
    hunchback-outward curvature of the thoracic spine
  34. lordosis
    swayback-forward curvature of lumbar spine
  35. orthotic
    brace or splint used in preventing or correcting deformities
  36. colles' fx
    common wrist fx
  37. comminuted fx
    fx in which bone is shattered
  38. compound fx
    fx in which bone has broken thru the skin
  39. compression fx
    fx involving loss of height of a vertebral body
  40. fx
    broken bone
  41. greenstick fx
    incomplete break; one side of bone is broken, opposite side is bent-common in childrendue to softer more pliable bones
  42. impacted fx
    fx in which bone fragments are pushed into each other
  43. oblique fx
    fx at an angle to the bone
  44. pathologic fx
    fx caused by diseased or weakened bone
  45. spiral fx
    fx line spirals around the shaft of the bone
  46. stress fc
    slight fx caused by repetitive low-impact forces
  47. transverse fx
    complete fx that is straight across, at right angle to the long axis of bone
  48. Ewing's sarcoma
    malignant growth found in the shaft of tlong bones
  49. osteogenic sarcoma
    most common type of bone cancer-usually beings in osteocytes found at the ends of long bones
  50. osteomalacia
    softening of the bones caused by calcium deficiency
  51. osteoporosis
    decrease of bone mass caused by thinning and weakening of the bone
  52. Paget's disease
    fairly common metabolic disease -unknown origin-bone destruction and deformity in middle-aged and elderly
  53. ankylosing spondylitis
    inflammatory spinal condition that resembles rheumatoid arthritis-gradual stiffening and fusion of the vertebrae
  54. herniated nucleus pulposus
    herniation or protrusion of an intervertebral disk-also known as herniated disk or ruptured disk
  55. scoliosis
    abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
  56. spina bifida
    vertebrtae fails to fully form around a spinal cord
  57. spinal stenosis
    narrowing of the spinal canal causing pressure on the spinal cord and nerves
  58. spondylolisthesis
    forward sliding of lumbar vertabra over the vertabra below it
  59. spondylosis
    specifically refers to ankylosing spondylitis-but can mean any degenerative condition of the vertebral column
  60. whiplash
    injury to the cervical vertebrae as a result of forwards and backwards movement of the head and neck
  61. bunion
    inflammation of the bursa of the first metatarsophalangeal joint
  62. dislocation
    bones are displaced in a joint and no longer in contact with each other
  63. osteoarthritis
    arthritis resulting in degeneration of the bonesand joints, especially those bearing weight
  64. rheumatoid arthritis
    chronic form of arthritis with inflammation of the joints, swelling, stiffness, pain and changes in the cratilage that can result in crippling deformities
  65. sprain
    damage to the ligaments surrounding a joint
  66. subluxation
    an incomplete dislocation-joint alignment disrupted, but bones remain in contact
  67. systemic lupus erythematosus
    chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease of connective tissue-can be mistaken for rheumatoid arthritis
  68. talipes
    clubfoot-congenital deformity causing misalignment of the ankle joint and foot