Nervous System

Card Set Information

Author:
MyMichele25
ID:
108884
Filename:
Nervous System
Updated:
2011-10-14 10:39:19
Tags:
Combining Form Suffix Prefix
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Description:
Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes for the Nervous System
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  1. cerebr/o
    • cerebrum
    • cerebr/o/tomy - incision of the cerebrum
  2. crani/o
    • cranium (skull)
    • crani/o/malacia - softening of the cranium
  3. dendr/o
    • tree
    • dendr/oid - resembling a (branching) tree
  4. encephal/o
    • brain
    • encephal/o/cele - herniation of the brain
  5. gangli/o
    • ganglion (knot or knotlike mass)
    • gangli/ectomy - excision of a ganglion
  6. gli/o
    • glue; neuroglial tissue
    • gli/oma - tumor (composed of) neuroglial tissue
  7. kinesi/o
    • movement
    • brady/kines/ia - condition of slow movement
  8. lept/o
    • thin, slender
    • lept/o/mening/o/pathy - disease of the meninges
  9. lex/o
    • word, phrase
    • dys/lex/ia - difficulty using words
  10. mening/o
    • meninges (membranes covering brain and spinal cord)
    • mening/o/cele - herniation of the meninges
  11. meningi/o
    • meninges (membranes covering brain and spinal cord)
    • meningi/oma - tumor in the meninges
  12. myel/o
    • bone marrow; spinal cord
    • poli/o/myel/itis - inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord
  13. narc/o
    • stupor; numbness; sleep
    • narc/o/tic - relating to sleep
  14. neur/o
    • nerve
    • neur/o/lysis - destruction of a nerve
  15. radicul/o
    • nerve root
    • radicul/algia - pain in the nerve root
  16. sthen/o
    • strength
    • hyper/sthen/ia - condition of excessive strength
  17. thalam/o
    • thalamus
    • thalam/o/tomy - incision of the thalamus
  18. thec/o
    • sheath (usually refers to meninges)
    • intra/thec/al - pertaining to the space within a sheath
  19. ton/o
    • tension
    • dys/ton/ia - bad or poor (muscle) tone
  20. ventricul/o
    • ventricle (of heart or brain)
    • ventricul/o/metry - measurement of ventricle (pressure)
  21. -algesia
    • pain
    • an/algesia - absence of (a normal sense of) pain
  22. -algia
    • pain
    • syn/algia - joined (referred) pain
  23. -asthenia
    • weakness, debility
    • my/asthenia - muscle weakness
  24. -esthesia
    • feeling
    • hyper/esthesia - increased feeling
  25. -kinesia
    • movement
    • hyper/kinesia - excessive movement; also called hyperactivity
  26. -lepsy
    • seizure
    • narc/o/lepsy - seizure of sleep
  27. -paresis
    • partial paralysis
    • hemi/paresis - paralysis of one-half (of the body); also called hemiplegia
  28. -phasia
    • speech
    • a/phasia - without speech
  29. -plegia
    • paralysis
    • quadri/plegia - paralysis of four (extremities)
  30. -taxia
    • order, coordination
    • a/taxia - without coordination
  31. pachy-
    • thick
    • pachy/mening/itis - inflammation of the dura mater
  32. para-
    • near, beside; beyond
    • para/plegia - paralysis of lower body and limbs
  33. syn-
    • union, together, joined
    • syn/algia - referred pain
  34. uni-
    • one
    • uni/later/al - pertaining to one side

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