chest

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bfreund11
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10890
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chest
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2010-03-16 22:49:49
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chest
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  1. 3 divisions of the chest
    • 1) Bony Thorax
    • 2) Respiratory System
    • 3) Mediastinum
  2. Bony Thorax Function
    provide protective framework
  3. Bony Thorax is made up of...
    • Sternum, Anteriorly
    • Clavicles, Superiorly
    • 12 pair of Ribs, Circling
    • Manubrium, Posteriorly
  4. 2 main landmarks used for Chest Radiography
    • 1) Vertebra Prominens (C7 vertebrae)
    • 2) Jugular Notch (manubrial/suprasternal notch)
  5. Vertebral level of.. Vertebra Prominens, Jugular Notch, & Xiphoid Tip
    Vertebra Prominens, C7
    Jugular Notch, T2-T3
    Xiphoid Tip, T9-T10
  6. Divisions of the Respiratory System Proper (4)
    • 1) Larynx
    • 2) Trachea
    • 3) Rt/Lft Bronchi
    • 4) Lungs
  7. Pharynx: serves as a passageway for _______ & ______. Not part of ______ ______ ______
    Air & Food, not part of Respiratory System Proper
  8. 3 Divisions of Pharynx
    • 1) Nasopharynx
    • 2) Oropharynx
    • 3) Larngopharynx
  9. Larynx: Also known as _______ & extends from _______ to _______.
    AKA- voice box, C3 to C4
  10. Trachea: located _______ to esophagus, divides at level ________ into ________ & ________ bronchi.
    • Located, anterior
    • Level, T4/T5
    • Into, Rt & Lft
  11. Another name for primary bronchi
    Rt & Lft main stem bronchi
  12. 3 characteristics of Rt bronchi
    • 1) wider
    • 2) shorter
    • 3) 25 degree angle of divergence?
  13. Carina...
    The area where the Rt & Lft bronchi split
  14. Rt main stem bronchi divides into ___ secondary bronchi & Lft main stem bronchi divides into ___ secondary bronchi.
    3, 2
  15. Each secondary bronchus has an associated ______ of each lung.
    lobe
  16. Each secondary bronchi divides into _______.
    bronchioles
  17. Functional unit of respiration
    Alveoli
  18. Rt lung has _____ fissures where as Lft lung has _____ fissures.
    2, 1
  19. Define parenchyma
    light spongy substance that makes up the lungs--- highly elastic
  20. Define pleura
    double walled sac around the lungs
  21. Outer pleura
    parietal pleura
  22. Inner pleura
    visceral pleura, covers surface of lungs
  23. Pleural cavity
    potential space b/w the double walled pleura
  24. Pneumothorax
    Air/gas in the pleural cavity--can cause lung to collapse
  25. Pleural effusion/ Hemothorax
    Fluid/ liquid w/in the pleural cavity
  26. Mediastinum (4 structures)
    • 1) thymus gland
    • 2) heart & great vessels
    • 3) trachea
    • 4) esophagus
  27. Hyperstehenic Habitus
    • broad, thick (deep), shallow vertical demension
    • (IR placement?)
  28. Asthetic Habitus
    • narrow, shallow, long vertical demension
    • (IR placement?)
  29. On inspiration the diaphragm moves _______ & on expiration the diaphragm moves _________.
    downward, upward
  30. You want a minimum of _____ ribs on a radiograph of the chest.
    10

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