appendicular skeleton.txt

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appendicular skeleton.txt
2011-10-14 17:40:07
Appendicular skeleton

Appendicular skeleton
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  1. pectoral girdle
    clavicle, scapula
  2. clavicle
    collar bone, has slight s shape
  3. scapula
    shoulder blade, scapular spine, scapular notch, lateral & vertebral margins, acromion process, coracoid process, glenoid cavity
  4. acromion v. coracoid process
    acromion = away, coracoid = close to the glenoid cavity (articulation point for humerous)
  5. upper limb
    humerous, radius, ulna, hand (carpals, metacarpals, phalanges)
  6. humerous
    head, anatomical neck, greater & lesser tubercles, intertubercular groove, surgical neck, deltiod tuberosity, trochlea, capitulum, medical & lateral epicondyles, coranoid (posterior) & olecranon (anterior) fossas
  7. deltoid tuberosity
    where deltoid muscle attaches
  8. radius
    has big end of the distal end and a disk on the proximal end - lines up with thumb - head, radial tuberosity, styloid process
  9. ulna
    lines up with pinky finger - has elbow bits on proximal end - olecranon process, coronoid process, trochlear notch, head, styloid process - head is distal, not proximal
  10. styloid process
    bony bits out by wrist
  11. hand
    carpals (8 in wrist), metacarpals (5 in palm), phalanges (3 per finger, 2 per thumb)
  12. pelvic girdle
    sacrum, coxal bone
  13. coxal bone
    illium, ischium, pubis - greater sciatic notch, ischial spine, lesser sciatic notch, ischial tuberosity, obturator foramen
  14. lower limb
    femur, patella, fibula, tibia, foot (tarsals, calcaneus, talus, metatarsals, phalanges)
  15. femur
    head, neck, greater & lesser trochanters, linea aspera, medial & lateral condyles
  16. fibula
    finer bone, lateral - head and lateral malleolus (ankle bones)
  17. tibia
    thicker bone, medial, shin bone - medial & lateral condyles, medial & lateral epicondyles, intercondyler eminence, anterior crest, medial malleolus
  18. foot
    tarsals (7 in ankle), calcaneus, talus, metatarsals (5 in instep), phalanges (3 per toe, 2 per great toe)
  19. talus
    tibia sits on & rotates
  20. coxal bone
    2 - hip, articulating with the other coxal bone anteriorly and with the sacrum posteriorly
  21. femur
    2 - thigh, between hip & knee
  22. patella
    2 - anterior surface of the knee
  23. tibia
    2 - medial side of leg, between knee & ankle
  24. fibula
    2 - lateral side of leg, between knee & ankle
  25. tarsal
    14 - ankle
  26. metatarsal
    10 - instep
  27. phalanx
    28 - toe