Hazmat Ch. 6

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Hazmat Ch. 6
2011-10-14 19:40:42

Strategic goals and tactical objectives
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  1. Strategic goals are?
    Tactical objectives are?
    • Strategic goals are broad statements of what must be done to resolve an incident
    • Tactical objectives are specific operations that must be done in order to accomplish those goals
  2. Some standard strategic goals of hazmat incidents are(10)
    • 1. isolation
    • 2. notification
    • 3. identification
    • 4. protection(life safety)
    • 5. rescue
    • 6. spill control/confinement
    • 7. leak control
    • 8. crime scene and evidence preservation
    • 9. fire control
    • 10. recovery/termination
  3. Strategic goals are prioritized depending on available resources and the particulars of the situation
    True or False
  4. What is APIE?
    • Analyze
    • Plan
    • Implement
    • Evaluate
  5. How many sides to the Hazmat size up?
  6. Most incident level models define 3 levels of response graduating from level 1(least serious) to level 3(most serious)
    Describe the 3 levels
    • Level 1-This type of incident is within the capabilities of the fire or emergency services organization ex. small amount of gasoline, broken containers like paint or bleach etc
    • Level 2- Beyond the scope of first responders. May require services of a formal hazmat team
    • Level 3- This type of incident requires resources from state agencies, federal agencies, and also requires unified command
  7. Planning the appropriate response is based on 3 things or abilities, what are they?
    • 1.Ability to be achieved
    • 2.Ability to prevent further injuries or death
    • 3.Ability to minimize environmental and property damage
  8. There are 3 modes of operation, what are they?
    • Non-intervention-allows incident to run its course on it's own
    • Defensive Strategy- provides confinement of the hazard to a given area by diking, damming, or diverting actions
    • Offensive Strategy- includes options to control the incident such as plugging a leak
  9. 3 incident based elements affecting selection of strategy
    • 1. Value-given a yes or no answer; once yes the degree of value can be assessed
    • 2. Time-possible limited window of opportunity to intervene before an incident escalates dramatically
    • 3. Size- Most frequently driven by the need to conduct protective action
  10. Non-intervention is selected when facility calls for it, when situation is clearly beyond first responder scope, explosions are imminent or massive release potential.
    What are some Non-intervention actions(6)
    • 1. withdraw to safe distance
    • 2. report scene conditions
    • 3. initiate IMS
    • 4. Call for add'l resources
    • 5. Isolate the hazard
    • 6. Commence the evacuation
  11. Defensive operations are selected based on the facility calling for it, responders have training and equipment neccessary
    Definition- First responders seek to confine the emergency to a given area without directly contacting the hazmat involved
    What are the 12 Ops level first responder actions?
    • 1. report scene conditions
    • 2. initiate IMS
    • 3. call add'l resources
    • 4. isolate hazard area + deny entry
    • 5. establish + indicate zone boundaries
    • 6. commence evacuation
    • 7. control ignition sources
    • 8. use appropriate def. control tactics
    • 9. protect exposures
    • 10. perform rescues
    • 11. evaluate and report progress
    • 12. perform emergency decontamination
  12. Offensive control operations are aggressive, direct action on material, container, or equipment involved
    Tactics related to controlling chemical releases fall into two categories, what are they?
    • 1. Control
    • 2. Containment *majority of defensive control is confinement
  13. What are the 3 zones and briefly describe
    • Hot zone-exclusion zone; rescue + leak control
    • Warm zone- contamination reduction zone; safe refuge area+decon corridor
    • Cold zone-support zone; triage, transportation, incident support
  14. What is the minimum number of personnel needed for performing tasks in the hazardous area?
    4 two working and two standing by