Hazmat Ch. 6
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Strategic goals are?
Tactical objectives are?
- Strategic goals are broad statements of what must be done to resolve an incident
- Tactical objectives are specific operations that must be done in order to accomplish those goals
Some standard strategic goals of hazmat incidents are(10)
- 1. isolation
- 2. notification
- 3. identification
- 4. protection(life safety)
- 5. rescue
- 6. spill control/confinement
- 7. leak control
- 8. crime scene and evidence preservation
- 9. fire control
- 10. recovery/termination
Strategic goals are prioritized depending on available resources and the particulars of the situation
True or False
What is APIE?
How many sides to the Hazmat size up?
Most incident level models define 3 levels of response graduating from level 1(least serious) to level 3(most serious)
Describe the 3 levels
- Level 1-This type of incident is within the capabilities of the fire or emergency services organization ex. small amount of gasoline, broken containers like paint or bleach etc
- Level 2- Beyond the scope of first responders. May require services of a formal hazmat team
- Level 3- This type of incident requires resources from state agencies, federal agencies, and also requires unified command
Planning the appropriate response is based on 3 things or abilities, what are they?
- 1.Ability to be achieved
- 2.Ability to prevent further injuries or death
- 3.Ability to minimize environmental and property damage
There are 3 modes of operation, what are they?
- Non-intervention-allows incident to run its course on it's own
- Defensive Strategy- provides confinement of the hazard to a given area by diking, damming, or diverting actions
- Offensive Strategy- includes options to control the incident such as plugging a leak
3 incident based elements affecting selection of strategy
- 1. Value-given a yes or no answer; once yes the degree of value can be assessed
- 2. Time-possible limited window of opportunity to intervene before an incident escalates dramatically
- 3. Size- Most frequently driven by the need to conduct protective action
Non-intervention is selected when facility calls for it, when situation is clearly beyond first responder scope, explosions are imminent or massive release potential.
What are some Non-intervention actions(6)
- 1. withdraw to safe distance
- 2. report scene conditions
- 3. initiate IMS
- 4. Call for add'l resources
- 5. Isolate the hazard
- 6. Commence the evacuation
Defensive operations are selected based on the facility calling for it, responders have training and equipment neccessary
Definition- First responders seek to confine the emergency to a given area without directly contacting the hazmat involved
What are the 12 Ops level first responder actions?
- 1. report scene conditions
- 2. initiate IMS
- 3. call add'l resources
- 4. isolate hazard area + deny entry
- 5. establish + indicate zone boundaries
- 6. commence evacuation
- 7. control ignition sources
- 8. use appropriate def. control tactics
- 9. protect exposures
- 10. perform rescues
- 11. evaluate and report progress
- 12. perform emergency decontamination
Offensive control operations are aggressive, direct action on material, container, or equipment involved
Tactics related to controlling chemical releases fall into two categories, what are they?
- 1. Control
- 2. Containment *majority of defensive control is confinement
What are the 3 zones and briefly describe
- Hot zone-exclusion zone; rescue + leak control
- Warm zone- contamination reduction zone; safe refuge area+decon corridor
- Cold zone-support zone; triage, transportation, incident support
What is the minimum number of personnel needed for performing tasks in the hazardous area?
4 two working and two standing by
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