Chapter 8 Search
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A rapid but thorough search that is performed before or during fire suppresion.
The two objectives of building search
- Locating victims
- Assessing fire conditions
Who conducts the initial size-up?
The first arriving officer
Involve the disentanglement & removal of victims from vehicles & machinery.
Involve the removal of victims from entrapment.
When should you immediately move a victim?
- When there is fire or a danger of fire
- Explosives or other hazardous material
- If you cannot protect the accident scene
- If you cannot reach other critical Pt's
- If you need to perform CPR
- Are the size of a pass device
- Mount on harness
- 457 KHz
- Have a range of 100'
- Do not interfere with other radios
How should rescuers searching for a downed FF attempt contact?
Try to establish radio contact first
- Rapid Intervention Crew
- Composed of at least two FF's ready to locate & rescue distressed FF's
What does LUNAR stand for?
- Last known location
- Unit number
- Resources needed to rescue you
- *Should be used with a Mayday call
What do you do if you cannot find your way out of a building?
- Find a wall and stay there
- Activate you PASS device
- Call for a Mayday
- Point flashlight toward the ceiling
- Maximize your air
- Tap on the floor or wall
How should you alert others when you are at a window?
- By straddling the windowsill
- Turning on your PASS device
- Signaling with your flashlight
- Yelling out & waving arms
- Throw objects out of window
- *If you have to jump from window remove SCBA first.
What should you remember when following a hoseline?
- The female coupling is on the nozzle side & the male is toward the exit.
- *Smooth, bumper, bumper, to the pumper!
If you become disoriented and you do not have a radio, what should you do?
Try & retrace your steps back to your original location
What is the first thing to remember if you become disoriented?
Try to remain calm
When opening a door what should you be aware of?
- Check behind the door for a victim
- Check for heat & fire
What should FF's constantly do while they are searching?
They should continually feel the floor in front of them with their hands or tool to make sure the floor is intact.
What is another function of latch straps?
It hangs over the doorknob & prevents other rescuers from being locked out when the team inside needs help.
What can you use to mark doors?
- Duct tape
- Door markers
- Latch straps
Which way do searchers turn when continuing their search?
- They turn the same direction as they entered the room (if you enter left, leave left)
- Opposite when removing a victim
How should doors be kept during search?
They should be closed to prevent the spread of fire
What are the most critcal areas when searching a multi-story building?
- The fire floor
- The floor directly above the fire
- The topmost floor
Where should a search line be tied?
- 10' outside of the entry
- To a fixed object
- About 3' above the door
How long are tethers?
- 20' in length
- Each knot after a ring represents 20' of line
How long is a seach line?
- 200' of 3/8" rope with a kevlar sheath
- Every 20' a 2" ring is tied into the line
When can FF's safely remove their SCBA when inside a building?
- When a meter reading of 50 PPM of carbon monoxide has been met.
- Anything more means it must stay on.
Where do you start a search?
As close to the fire as possible & then work your way back toward the entrance.
What is the greatest value of a lighted rope?
It makes the search rope easier to find when visisbilty is obscured.
What do primary search teams carry?
- A radio
- Forcible entry tools
Who should conduct the secondary search?
Someone other than those who did the primary search.
Conducted after fire is under control & greatest hazards have been controlled.
Primary Search: Standard Priorities
- Most severely threatened
- Largest numbers
- Remainder of hazard zone
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