Humanities

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Anonymous
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109021
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Humanities
Updated:
2011-10-15 00:54:56
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Purpose Art
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Chapter 2
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  1. The use of light, atmosphere, and haziness to indicate depth or distance
    Aerial or Atmospheric Perspective
  2. The side-by-side placement of objects in an artwork or composition
    Juxtaposition
  3. A soft form of carbon used in pencils
    Graphite
  4. Relative lightness or darkness of color
    Value
  5. A sculpture employing three-dimensions attached to a background and meant to be seen from one side
    Relief Sculpture
  6. A sense of equilibrium in an artwork, achieved through weight, attention, or attraction of visual elements
    Balance
  7. A type of kinetic sculpture in which parts move, often by air currents
    Mobile
  8. The place to which a viewer's eye is drawn in a work of art
    Focal Area
  9. A vivid water-based paint, usually applied to paper, with outstanding brilliance and translucence; also term for resulting artwork
    Watercolor
  10. The thick application of paint creating a textured surface on the canvas
    Impasto
  11. A sculpture employing three-dimentions and meant to be viewed from any and all angles
    Full round Sculpture
  12. The uneven distribution of elements throughout an artwork
    Assymetry
  13. A method of etching (intaglio) that imitates the broad tints of a water color
    Aquatint
  14. The surface quality of materials, either actual or implied
    Texture
  15. The perception of reflected or emitted light in terms of hue, value, and intensity
    Color
  16. A painting technique which originated in ancient times, using pigments mixed with melted beeswax as a binder
    Encaustic
  17. A sculpture employing two-dimensional materials
    Linear Sculpture
  18. The relative relationship of shapes or forms to one another in regards to size, height, width, length, or depth
    Proportion
  19. The common name of a color and its position in the spectrum or on the color wheel
    Hue
  20. Skill and imagination used to create or produce aesthetic objects
    Art
  21. The belief that architects should design a building based on the purpose of that building
    Functionalism
  22. When artwork creates a sense of motion through line, form, and juxtaposition
    Dynamics
  23. A decorative device generally placed at the top of a column as a transition for the eye
    Capital
  24. A soft, colored chalk stick or crayon made of pigments and a gum binder, usually applied to paper; also resulting artwork
    Pastel
  25. When all elements in a work of art give a sense of oneness or self-contained completeness
    Unity
  26. How often an element is used and the relationship of one element to another
    Variation
  27. The inclusion or combination of several different styles in one composition of work of art
    Eclecticism
  28. The representation of objects receding into the distance in two-dimensional art
    Perspective
  29. When a sculptor adds or combines material (sometimes called built sculpture)
    Addition
  30. When art is assembled from common every day items
    Found object
  31. The strength or purity of a color
    Intensity
  32. Sculptural relief that projects very little from the background; also called bas-relief
    Low Relief
  33. In printing, a technique in which the intended printing surface is left raised, with remaining areas cut away
    Relief
  34. Sculpture which emphasizes the substances or materials from which it is made
    Glyptic
  35. When the sculptor molds or casts an artwork
    Substitution
  36. A printing technique that forces ink through a stencil (image) on a screen stretched with a fine silk or similar fabric
    Serigraphy
  37. A printing technique employing the antipathy of oil and water
    Lithography
  38. The size, shape, and volume of 3-D forms
    Mass
  39. A work of art from a specific historical time or place
    Artifact
  40. The recurrence of the same visual element in a work of art
    Repetition
  41. The path of a moving point through space
    LIne
  42. A printing technique in which an image is printed from a recessed design incised or etched into the surface of a plate
    Intaglio
  43. A composition of various materials glued on a surface
    Collage
  44. named after its French inventor, an early photographic process where an image is made directly onto a light-sensitive silver-coated metallic plate, without using a negative
    Daguerreotype Photography
  45. When the sculptor carves or cuts away unwanted material to create the work
    Subtraction
  46. When a viewer considers foreground and background independently and recognizes the separation between them
    Shifting perspective
  47. Ability of a material to withstand crushing
    Compressive Strength
  48. Mold from which a sculpture is cast
    Negative
  49. The meaning of the work of art
    Content
  50. The effect of the weather/environment of the surface of an artwork
    Weathering
  51. The shape or mass of an object within an artwork or composition
    Form
  52. Sculpture designed to make a statement and the cease to exist
    Ephemeral
  53. Sculptural relief in which forms extend from the background to at least half their depth
    High Relief
  54. Sculptural relief in which the image or design is modeled below the original surface of the background, which is not cut away
    Sunken Relief
  55. The ordered recurrence or repetition of elements
    Rhythm
  56. The use of foreshortening and a vanishing point to create the illusion of depth
    Linear Perspective
  57. A painting technique that applies water-based paint to a wet-plaster surface
    Fresco
  58. Watercolor to which an opaque white has been added
    Gouache
  59. The size or apparent size of an object seen in relation to other objects, people, or its environment
    Scale
  60. A common structural element of architecture resembling the hollow upper half of a sphere
    Dome
  61. A paint made of color pigments with a synthetic polymer as a binder; does not darken or yellow with age
    Acrylic
  62. A printmaking technique involving drawing directly onto the surface of a metal plate with a sharp, pointed tool, often with a diamond point
    Drypoint
  63. A sense of feeling of depth, actual or implied
    Space
  64. The range or set of colors characteristic of a particular artist
    Palette
  65. The exact duplication of elements on either side of a straight-lined central axis
    Symmetry
  66. Ability of a material to withstand bending
    Tensile Strength
  67. When a sculptor shapes the material by hand
    Manipulation
  68. A way of connecting the parts of a work of art
    Articulation
  69. A paint made of color pigments mixed in slowly drying oil; its main binding agent for pigment is linseed oil
    Oil Paint
  70. Elements (lines, shapes, colors) of a work of art organized to effect participants
    Artistic Form
  71. A water-based paint that uses egg, glue, or casein as a binder; it dries with a flat, dull finish, which means it is not as luminous as oil paint
    Tempera

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