ADHD : Helps with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Alpha Blockers : Blocks receptors in arteries and smooth muscle, helps shrink englarged prostate, (hypertrophy), and treats peripheral artery disease, hypertension and Pheochromocytoma.
Anti-Alzheimer's agents : Used to treat mild to moderate demetia caused by Alzheimer's disease
Analgesics : Relieves mild to severe pain
Anesthetic : Produces generalized or local loss of feeling. Prevents sensation of pain.
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACE) : Expands blood vessels & decreases resistance by lowering levels of Angiotensin II. Allows blood to flow more easily and makes heart work easier or more efficiently. Treats/improves hypertension and heart failure.
Angiotensin II-Receptor Blockers (ARBs) : Rather than lowering levels of (Angiotensin II as ACE inhib do) Angiotensin II receptor blockers prevent this chemical from having no effect on the heart and blood vessels. Keeps bllod pressure from rising. Treatment of hypertension, congestive heart failure and diabetic nephropathy.
Antacid : Neutralizes acidity in the stomach. For heartburn.
Antianxiety : Reduces anxiety and panic disorders
Antihelmintics : Expel parasitic worms from the body, by either stunning them or killing them.
Antirheumatics : Manages symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (pain, swelling) and in more severe cases slow down joint destruction and preserve joint function.
Antibiotic : A substance produced or derived from certain fungi, bacteria, and other organisms, that can destroy or inhibit the growth of other microorganisms. Used in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.
Anticholinergic : Blocks the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the CNS & PNS.
Anticoagulant : Decreases the clotting ability of the blood. They are called blood thinners but do not dissolve blood clots. Used to treat blood vessel, heart and lung conditions.
Anticonvulsant : Relieves/controls seizures. Suppresses excessive firing of neurons. Reduces frequency related to idiopathic epilepsy. Can prevent drug reactions, hypoglycemia, eclampsia, alcohol withdrawal, and traumatic brain injury.
Antidepressants : Selectively inhibits serotonin reuptake & results in potentiation or serotonergic neurotransmissions. Inhibits the reuptake of both serotonin & norepinephrine.
Antidiarrheal : A remedy to counteract diarrhea by regulating intestinal fluids.
Antifungal : Destroys or checks the growth of fungi.
Antihistamine : counteracts effects of histamine. Relieves allergic symptoms. Good for common cold.
Antimanic : Mania is an abnormally elated mental state, typically characterized by feeling of euphoria, lack of inhibitions, racing thoughts, diminished need for sleep, talkativeness, and risk taking and irritability.
Antimigraine Headache : Reduces the severity of headaches and migraines.
Antineoplastic : Inhibits growth and spread of cancerous cells. Poisons cancerous cells.
Antipsychotics : Pertaining to a substance that counteracts or diminishes symptoms of psychosis.
Antipyretic : Reduces fever
Antiseptic/Disinfectants : Inhibits growth or microorganisms
Antitussives : an agent that suppresses the urge to cough.
Antivirals : Destructive to viruses. Treatment of herpes zoster (shingles), chicken pox, herpes labialis (cold sores) & treatment and suprresion of genital herpes.
Appetite Suppressant : Decreases hunger by altering the chemical control of nerve impulse transmission inthe appetite control center of the hypothalamus.
Astringent : Causes shrinkage of mucous membranes or exposed tissues. Used internally to check discharge of blood serum or mucus secretions.
Beta Blockers or Beta Adrenergic Blocking Agents : Decreases the heart rate and cardiac output, which lowers blood pressure and makes the heart beat more slowly and with less force.
Bronchodilators : Relaxation of airway or smooth muscle with subsequent broncodilation.
Calcium Channel Blockers : Interrupts the movement of calcium into the cells of the heart and blood vessels. May decrease the heart's pumping strength and relax blood vessels. Decreases blood pressure and reduces chest pain caused by Angina and alters heart rate.
Cardiogenic (Cardiac Glycosides) : Increases strength & force of contractions which can be beneficial in heart failure and for irregular heartbeats. Used in the treatment of congestive heart failure and cardiac arrhythmias.
Chemotherapy Agents/Cytoxins : Toxic to certain cells, used for treatment of cancer.
Lipid-lowering agents : Lowers total and LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. Slightly increase HDL. Slows up the progression of coronary atherosclerosis with resultant decrease is CHD-related events.
Contraceptive : Prevents or diminishes the likelihood of conception.
COX-2 Inhibitor : Inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX-2) enzyme found in joints & other areas affected by inflammation. A form of NSAID that directly targets COX-2 enzyme which is responsible for inflammation and pain.
Decongestant : Reduces nasal congestion and swelling.
Diabetic Agents : Helps control high blood sugar.
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs0 : Used to treat inflammatory arthritis and slow down joint destruction.
Diuretics : Causes the body to rid itself of excess fluids and sodium through urination. Helps to relieve the heart & lungs workload.
Emetic : Stimulates vomiting.
Erectile Dysfunction : Aids in maintaining an erection.
Expectorant : Promoting or facilitating the secretion or expulsion of phlegm or mucus.
Fibromyalgia : Used for the treatment of nerve/muscle pain
Gout Agents : Used to treat the over production of uric acid.
Hair loss agents : Used to treat alopecia.
Homeostatic : Constricts tissue to seal injured blood vessels.
Hormone : Endocrine system releases hormones and secretes them directly in the blood stream.
Hormone Replacement Agents : The treatment of disease with hormones.
Immunosuppressant : Prevents rejection of transplanted organs. Treats autoimmune diseases.
Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist Blocker : Used for treatment & management of asthma.
Miotic : Contracts pupils of the eye.
Mucolytic : Breaks chemical bonds in mucus, lowering the viscosity.
Muscle Relaxant : Aids in relaxation of skeletal muscles
Mydriatic : Dilates the pupil of the eye.
Narcotic : Produces some sleep stupor and relief of pain.
Nitrates (antianginals) : Mangement of angina pectoris, Adjunct treatment of acute MI, CHF
NSAIDS, Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory drug : Used to reduce inflammation
Opiod antagonist : A receptor antagonist that acts on opiod receptors. Prevents the body from responding to opiates and endorphins.
Ophthalmic agents : Sterile preparation to remove foreign particles or soothe the eye.
Osteoporosis : Low bone mass and loss of bone tissue helps prevent deterioration of bone.
Otics : Drugs used to locally treat inflammation of the outer and internal auricle.
Parkinson's Disease Agent : Used for palliative relief of major symptoms of Parkinson disease.
Potassium Supplement : To normalize the electrolyte balance. To replenish.
Prostate Disease Agents : Counteracts problems with the male bladders & urination process
Proton Pump Inhibitor : Decreases the amount of acid produced in the stomach.
Psychedelics : Highly creative thought patterns and perceptual changes
causes hallucinations and alters mental function
Antianemics : Enzymes used ot break isoloated DNA molecules. Cancer treatments. Man made form of a protein that helps your body produce RBCs.
Sedative/Hypnotics : Quiets and relaxes patient without producing sleep.
Skin Disorders/Topically : Counteracts disorders within the dermis. (acne)
Sleep agent : Produces sleep or hypnosis. Used to treat insomnia.
Stimulant : Increases activity of the organs of the body. Has a temporary effect of increasing energy and mental alertness, sometimes used to depress the appetite.
Sulfa Preparations : Antibacterial
Thrombolytic : Dissolves an existing thrombus (clot) when administered soon after its occurrence.
Thyroid agents : Regulates the production of thyroid hormones
Tranquilizer : Reduces mental tension and anxiety. Affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced that may cause anxiety.
Urinary problem agent : Incontinence, Retention, Urgency, Frequency.
Vaccine : Prevents infections and disease
Nitrates (antianginals) : Used to ease chest pain alleviating angina or pectoral ischemic heart disease.
Vasopressor : Makes blood vessels smaller and tighter. Used for hypotension.
Vitamins : Organic substances found in foods for the body to grow & maintain health. Commercially prepared.
Vasodilator : Relaxes blood vessels & increases the supply of blood & oxygen to the heart while reducing its work load. Used for patients who cannot use ACE inhibitors.
Vasoconstrictor:Constricts blood vessels and increase force of heart beat. Constrictions raised blood pressure or stops superficial hemorrhage.