Black Exp Midterm
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Name 5 European powers in the slave trade.
- 1. Britain
- 2. Spain
- 3. France
- 4. Belgium
- 5. Germany
Name 5 African ethnic groups taken into the slave trade.
- 1. Akan
- 2. Yoruba
- 3. Igbo
- 4. Fon
- 5. Wolof
- 6. Mende
- 7. Mandinka
- 8. Ga
- 9. Hausa
- 10. Fulani
Name the 2 influences behind Condumble.
- 1. Portuguese Catholicism
- 2. Yoruba beliefs
Name 5 elements of Puritan ethic.
- 1. Self-reliance
- 2. Industrial/hard working
- 3. Order
- 4. Cleaniness
- 5. Punctuality
- 6. Frugality
- 7. Chastity
Dates - 1857
- Dred Scott decision
- Established the idea that slaves could not be U.S. citizens or be protected by the Constitution.
Dates - 1865-1877
Dates - 1877-1896
Dates - 1830's - 1880's
Scramble for Africa
Dates - 1896
- Plessy v. Ferguson
- It established the separate, but equal doctrine.
Describe the Africanization of the New World.
It refers to new world cultures having African culture integrated into it.
Why was Frederick Douglass a significant figure in the 19th century?
- Douglass was an American social reformer, writer, and statesman.
- -Escaped from slavery in 1838.
- -Prime example that Arican Americans were intelligent if educated.
- -Wrote 3 autobiographies, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave.
Why was Harriet Jacobs a significant figure in the 19th century?
- Jacobs was an American writer, who escaped slavery and became an abolitionist speaker & reformer.
- -Lived in a tiny crawl space for 7 years til she escaped to New York
- -wrote autobio, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl
- -first open discussions about sexual harassment endured by a slave woman
Describe the Impact of the Minstrel Theater Tradition.
- The Minstrel Theater Tradition lampooned black people as ignorant, lazy, overly joyous, and musicial. It created several caricatures, like the Coon, Sambo, and Brute, and sterotypes that we still see today.
- The Coon showed that black people were inable to adapt to freedom.
- The Sambo showed that black people by nature should be slaves and they enjoyed it.
- The Brute portrayed black men as angry and animalistic.
- These were all false sterotypes, but since they were exposed to society constantly at the time, people began to believe it was true.
What was the real impact of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850?
It made slavery a national institution, even in the Northern states that outlawed slavery. It gave the Federal government the authority to override the northern legal processes. This law also brought northern whites' humanity into play. For example, when a fugitive slave was escaping and federal marshals are looking for him, northern whites had to decide whether they were going to let it happen or if they were going to help this fellow human being.
Describe those conditions Rodney calls Europe's underdevelopment of Africa.
Several factors led to Europe's underdevelopment of Africa, such as the slave trade and the one way connection of trade. Frederick Lugard purposed a dual mandate that would 1) develop African resources for Africa's needs and 2) use African resources to meet western demands. What actually happened was Europe exploited Africa for its resouces and in return never helped them. Europe gave Africa technological illusions, while they took their resources.
Who is Sojourner Truth?
Truth was the self-given name of Isabella Baumfree. She was an African American abolitionist and women's rights activist. She got her son back by taking his owner to court, and she won. She was the first black women to win such a case against a white man.
Who was Harriet Tubman?
She was an African American abolitionist. She helped slaves escape using the Underground Railroad, a network of antislavery safe houses.
Name 4 New World African cultures.
- 1. African American, USA
- 2. Candomble, Brazil
- 3. Voodoo, Haiti
- 4. Santeria, Cuba
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