phonology

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Author:
bonganator
ID:
109251
Filename:
phonology
Updated:
2011-10-16 01:33:52
Tags:
english language metalanguage
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Description:
unit 1 and 2 exam revision
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  1. Phoneme
    - the smallest unit of sound
  2. IPA
    • -
    • International Phonetic Alphabet, standardization
    • representation for the sounds of spoken language
  3. Diphthongs
    • -
    • two vowels in a syllable (eye, hay, boy, low)
  4. Prosodic
    features
    • -
    • features of speech apart from the words (pitch, HRT,
    • intonation, stress)
  5. Stress
    • -
    • emphasis placed on a particular syllable or a part of
    • a word as it is pronounced. (photograph, photography, photographic) (I never
    • said that)
  6. Pitch
    • -
    • level of sound placed on a scale from low to high.
    • Stressed words/syllables will have a higher pitch. (also, ‘what?!’ and ‘what’s
    • the time?’

    • -
    • All verbal
    • languages use pitch to express emotional information
  7. reduction
    • are softly sounded phonemes
    • salt'n'pepper
    • lock'n'key
    • weekgend
  8. elision
    • ommission of one or more sounds
    • temprture
    • spose
    • vegtable
  9. coalescents
    • assimilations of usually /t/ and /d/ sounds
    • didzu
    • chewday
    • dew
  10. intonation
    pattern of changes in pitch (together with stress, conveys information about the message,whether it is sarcastic or serious, patient or exasperate) (no intonation =monotone)
  11. liaison
    • when glottal stops are not inserted at the beginning of words
    • we ran out of eggs
    • becomes we ran nout tof veggs
  12. HRT
    • High pitch to distinguish lexical or grammatical
    • meaning
    • eg - asking a quesiton

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