morphology

Card Set Information

Author:
bonganator
ID:
109253
Filename:
morphology
Updated:
2011-10-16 01:27:38
Tags:
english language metalanguage
Folders:

Description:
unit 1 and 2 exam revision
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user bonganator on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. morphology
    the study of internal structure of words
  2. morpheme
    • the smallest unit of meaning
    • either free or bound
  3. free morpheme
    • units of words that can stand alone as a word
    • dog
    • cat
    • albatross
  4. bound morpheme
    • units of words that must attach to another morpheme to make a word
    • un + do = undo
  5. Stem
    • -
    • a morpheme that can stand alone

    • -
    • the core meaning of a word

    • -
    • eg – bread, book, school
  6. Affix
    • -
    • bound morphemes

    • -
    • must be added to a stem to make a word
  7. Prefix
    • -
    • a morpheme attached to the front of a stem word

    • -
    • eg – pre, dis, ex
  8. Suffix
    • -
    • a morpheme attached to the end of a stem word

    • -
    • eg – ish, ism, ness
  9. Derivational
    morphemes
    • -
    • morphemes that changes the class of an existing word

    • -
    • joy (noun) + ful (derivational morpheme) = joyful
    • (adjective)
  10. Inflectional
    morphemes
    • -
    • morphemes that give grammatical information

    • -
    • AKA grammatical morphemes

    • -
    • Walk (present) + ed (inflectional morpheme) = walked
    • (past tense)

    • -
    • Cat (singular) + s (inflectional morpheme) = cats
    • (plural)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview