lexicology

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Author:
bonganator
ID:
109260
Filename:
lexicology
Updated:
2011-10-16 02:13:09
Tags:
english language metalanguage
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Description:
unit 1 2 exam revision
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  1. lexicology
    the study of words
  2. word class
    • -
    • A group of words, from a grammatical point of view,
    • behave in the same way
  3. Open class words
    • Readily accepts new members
    • Nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs are open class
    • words
    • Eg – modem, slamdunk, google
  4. nouns
    • Words that name things (dogs) or concepts (love)
    • All nouns take the same inflections
    • Eg – plural inflections (s)
  5. verbs
    • Action words
    • Something we do (run)
    • Something we feel (love)
    • Same inflections (past/future tense)
    • ‘to do’ is also a verb, seen in different forms:
    • Is, are,
    • were, was, will be
    • Expresses a state of being
  6. adverbs
    • describing verbs
    • quickly, slowly
    • same inflections (ly)
  7. adjectives
    • desribing nouns
    • eg - red, nation
    • same inflections (al) national
  8. closed class words
    • do not admit new members
    • prepositions, conjunctions, determiners, pronouns
    • grammatical glue, holds a sentence together
  9. prepositions
    • -
    • Words that sit before a noun (or pronoun) to show the
    • noun’s relationship to another word in a sentence

    • -
    • Words that specify place, direction and time

    • -
    • Place prepositions: on, at, in

    • -
    • Time prepositions: during, while, at, in

    • -
    • Direction prepositions: under, over, right, left
  10. Conjuctions
    • -
    • A word used to connect words, phrases or clauses

    • -
    • Co-ordinate conjunctions: join like with like (and,
    • or, but)

    • -
    • Correlative conjunctions: used in pairs to join
    • alternatives or equal elements (either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also)
  11. Subordinate
    conjuctions
    • -
    • To join subordinate clause to main clauses (although,
    • until, because, since, unless, while
  12. Determiners
    • -
    • Indefinite articles (a, an)

    • -
    • Definite articles (the)

    • -
    • Demonstratives (this, that, these)

    • -
    • Quantifiers (all, few, many)
    • -
    • Possessive determiners (mine, yours, theirs, ours –
    • possessive pronouns)
  13. Pronouns
    • -
    • he, she, you, me
  14. ellipsis
    • omission of words or phrasese that are not required given the circumstances
    • eg - coming? - are you coming?

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