HIS MID TERM

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kcosen01
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109275
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HIS MID TERM
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2011-10-19 17:57:09
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IMPERIUM
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RAGAZZI, ALLORA
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  1. Palatine Hill
    • founded by Romulus, the hut of Romulus is on top of it, where Augustus built his house
    • - temple of apollo, god of wisdom
  2. Capitoline Hill
    location of the temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, (the protector of Rome) final destination for the military parade, where the final sacrifice was made
  3. Forum (Republic)
    located inbetween the Palatine and Capitoline hill, original Republic square, meeting place of Romans
  4. regia
    • - old dwelling of the Kings
    • - house of pontifex maximus
  5. house of vestals
    where the vestal virgins lived
  6. curia
    Senate House
  7. comitium
    - square in front of the senate house
  8. curia and comitium
    • - a temple, aligned with the compass
    • - need to ask permission of the Gods before making Senate descisions - need to perform this in a temple
  9. rostra
    platform for the speakers
  10. basilicas
    • - two main courthouses on either side of the Forum
    • - mainly used for trials
    • - large hall for people to meet
  11. Temple of Saturn
    connected to the Senate house
  12. Temple of Castor
    closer to regia
  13. Campus Martius/Field of Mars
    • - plain outside of the city
    • - dedicated to the God of war (Mars)
    • - army is organized in the field of Mars
    • - triumphful parade begins here
    • - southern field = military activities
    • - northern field = funeral
  14. res pubblica
    common thing, common wealth, the state was the most important thing
  15. paterfamilias
    father of the family, master of the household, everyone and everything under him, absolute power
  16. "powers" of the paterfamilias
    • - only one that has citizenship
    • - can kill any member of his familia
    • - promote welfare of the familia
    • - still has control over his children
  17. patria
    fatherland
  18. patricius
    patrician
  19. patres conscripti
    official name of Senators, fathers enlisted in Senate, rich people
  20. patronus
    god father, used by the clientes, term referred to the business-like paterfamilias
  21. gens
    • - a group of families, a clan
    • - tied together for economic reasons
    • - each one had their own religious ceremonies due to a common ancestor
    • - each voted under a single block
  22. clientela
    • - patronage
    • - poorer people linked to wealthy men
    • - ask for jobs and protection
    • - become apart of the familia
    • - worship ancestor of p.f., vote for what the p.f. says
  23. curiae
  24. Mos Maiorum
    • - custom of our fathers, morality
    • - respect for tradition
    • - its a bad insult if you are not following the traditions of your family
  25. class system
    • - 2 classes
    • - patrician v. plebeian
    • - nobility v. everyone else
  26. pontifex maximus
    chief priest, paterfamilias of all the Romans, he must keep the Pax Deorum for all of the city
  27. Pax Deorum
    peace of the Gods
  28. numina
    • - spirits, energy
    • - the force within things
    • - maintain good relationships with the spirits, keep them happy, perform rituals
    • - romans were very supersitious
  29. Vestals
    • - priestesess
    • - serve the pontifex maximus
    • - goddess of Vesta
    • - the only Roman women to enjoy political rights
  30. Temple of Vesta
    • - located in the Forum
    • - only circular temple
    • - dedicated to the goddess of Vesta
    • - contained an eternal flame
    • - symbolizes the home of all Romans
  31. Domus
    Roman house, typical rich house
  32. atrium
    large entrance room, contained the impluvium
  33. impluvium
    a tank/pool to collect rain water in the middle of the atrium
  34. cubicola
    bedrooms located on both sides of the atrium
  35. alae
    wings on both sides of the atrium
  36. tablinum
    office of the paterfamilias
  37. triclinium
    dining room, beyond the atrium, tri for three couches
  38. peristylium
    • - extra garden, could display art there, for the rich
    • - Greek/hellenistic influence
  39. Roman Republic (509 bc)
    • - elective oligarchy of wealthy landowners
    • - small team of officials with different duties
    • - no written constitution, freedom for change
    • - familia is the basis of the early state
    • - fake democray, power to the aristocrats
  40. imperium
    • - the power to command the chief magistrates of the Roman state inherited from the Kings
    • - 3 magistrates have imperium: consul, praetor, dictator
    • - power to consult with Gods, middleman between humans and Gods
  41. imperator
    victorious general for ONE DAY, the one who gets the triumphful military parade
  42. fasces
    • - symbol of imperium
    • - bundle of rods tied around an axe
    • - shows imperium holder has the power to punish
  43. auspicium
    • - the name of the religious ceremony of asking permission of the Gods
    • - must perform the ceremony before making decisions
  44. pomerium
    religious boundary, city walls, magic line
  45. peoples assemblies (legislative)
    • the 1st and 2nd classes had 80% of the voting units, they always outnumbered the poor people
    • "fake democracy"
  46. Magistrates (executive)
    • - any official in the Roman republic
    • - the consul and preator have power over the army
    • - dictator is only in power in an emergency, only 6 months
  47. Senate
    • - assembly of past magistrates
    • - a senator for life
    • - does not have any legal power
    • - just give advice, they do not decide laws
  48. censors
    • - two magistrates that take the census
    • - they have the power to remove "bad" Senators for whatever reason
  49. 264-241 BC
    • 1st punic war
    • annexation of Sicily, Sardinia & Corsica
  50. 218-202 BC
    • 2nd Punic war
    • annexation of Spain
  51. 149 - 146 BC
    • 3rd Punic war
    • annexation of Africa
  52. Hellenistic culture
    new Greek culture, a mix of Egyptian, Persian and Indian
  53. 753 - 509 BC
    Roman monarchy
  54. 509 - 27 BC
    Roman Republic
  55. 107 BC
    • - Marius' first consulship
    • - allows proletarii to be in the military
  56. 104 - 100 BC
    • - Marius is consul for 5 times
    • - transformation of the Roman army
    • - professional warriors in army, paid positions
  57. 103 BC
    land was given to Marius' veterans
  58. 88-82 BC
    86 BC
    • - Civil war between Marius and Sulla
    • - Marius dies in 86 BC
  59. 82 - 79 BC
    • - Pompey defeats Marians in Sicily and Africa
    • - Sulla dicatorship
    • - traditional Senatorial consistution is established
    • - proscriptions in Rome - accuse and kill your political opponents
  60. 67 - 62 BC
    • - Pompey's military campaign in the East
    • - defeats king Mithridates
    • - clears pirates in the Med
  61. 61 BC
    • - Pompey's acta opposed by Senate, his triumph
    • - acta asks Senate for land to pay his soldiers
  62. 60 BC
    • - First Triumvirate is formed
    • - the political amicitia between Caesar, Crassus and Pompey
    • - a secret alliance
  63. 59 BC
    • - Caesar becomes consul
    • - any opposition to his legislation is combatted with force
    • - Pompey marries Julia
  64. 59 - 54 BC
    Caesar has governorship of Southern Gaul
  65. 56 BC
    Conference of Luca
  66. 55 BC
    • - second consulship of Pompey and Crassus
    • - first stone theatre is built in campus martius

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