Anatomy Midterm

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mel
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109342
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Anatomy Midterm
Updated:
2011-10-16 23:33:54
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Anatomy
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Class Midterm
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  1. Human belong to the Order _____
    Primate
  2. ______ is genetic change over time.
    Evolution
  3. The brachium is the _______
    arm
  4. The area of the body from the knee to the ankle is the _______
    crus/leg
  5. The anatomical name for neck is ______
    cervix
  6. A _______ section divides a structure into right and left portions.
    sagittal
  7. The knee is _____ to the foot.
    proximal
  8. The _______ includes the area from othe shoulder to the fingertips.
    UE (upper extremity)
  9. Anterior can be used as a synonym for ______
    Ventral
  10. Femoral means ______
    thigh
  11. The hand is ______ to the elbow
    Distal
  12. The lumbar area is _____ to the abdomen
    posterior
  13. The nose is _____ to the mouth
    superior
  14. The eye is ______ to the ear
    medial
  15. A ______ plane seperates a structure into a lower and an upper portion.
    horizontal
  16. Tissues are aggregations of ______
    cells
  17. An aggregation of systems that function together is a ______
    organism
  18. Pollex means ______
    thumb
  19. Buccal refers to the _____
    cheek
  20. The author of your textbook is _______
    Martini
  21. Intracellular factories that manufacture proteins
    Ribosomes
  22. Sites of energy (ATP) productions
    Mitochondria
  23. Hairlike cellular extensions that move substances over cell surfaces
    Cillia
  24. Network of intracellular membranes that may have attached ribosomes
    Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
  25. Vesicles that rid the cell of bacteria and debris
    Lysosomes
  26. Flattened membranous discs that package secretions
    Golgi apparatus
  27. Control center for cell operations
    Nucleus
  28. Membrane surrounding nucleus
    Nuclear envelope
  29. Nucleic acid component of a chromosome
    DNA
  30. Paired cyclindrical structures moving DNA during cell division
    Centriols
  31. Tissue composed of few, loosely packed cells and abundant matrix
    Connective
  32. Fat
    Adipose
  33. Connective tissue with parallel fibers that form tendons
    Dense regular connective
  34. Tissue with one side open to the environment
    Epithelial
  35. Tissue that lines vessels and ducts
    Cuboid
  36. Cutaneous membrane
    Skin
  37. Supportive tissue that forms the external nose and ears
    Elastic cartilage
  38. Glands that contain secretory vesicles for production od secretions
    merocrine
  39. The most common type of cartilage
    Hyaline
  40. Specialized tissue that supports neural functions
    Neuroglial
  41. Tissue that lines the respiratory tract
    Pseudostratified ciliated columnar
  42. Fluid connective tissue containing red blood cells
    Blood
  43. Tissue that includes adipose, reticular and dense irregular tissues
    Connective tissue proper
  44. Glands that produce secretions by cells bursting
    Holocrine
  45. Tissue that forms ligaments between vertebrae
    Elastic
  46. Cells that conduct electrical impulses
    Neurons
  47. Tissue that forms the superficial layer of skin
    Stratified squamous
  48. Groups of cells that secrete and regulate extracellular substances
    Tissue
  49. Specialized tissue that provides voluntary movement of joints
    Skeletal muscle
  50. Tissue that gives shape and form to organs
    Reticular
  51. The pink hue of skin is the result of _____ in the blood
    Hemoglobin
  52. Fingerprints are formed by ______
    Dermal ridges
  53. Mammary glands are modified _____ sweat glands that produce milk
    Apocrine
  54. The ______layer of skin is avascular
    Epidermis
  55. Adipose is stored in the _____ layer of the skin
    Hypodermis
  56. Epidermis on the proximal surface of the nail is ______
    Eponychium
  57. The hair ______ is visible above the surface of the skin
    Shaft
  58. Piloerection is activated by the ________
    Arrector pili muscles
  59. Accessory structures of the skin are imbedded in the _____
    Dense irregular connective tissue
  60. _______ glands produce earwax
    Ceruminous
  61. Thermoregulation is the result of activity of _____ sweat glands
    Eccrine
  62. Hair follicles are associated with ______ glands that produce oil
    Follicular sebaceous
  63. The stratum _____ in the epidermis attaches to the basement membrane
    Germinativum
  64. ______ are responsible for the brown pigmentation of skin
    Melanocytes
  65. Stratum ______ is present only in the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands
    Lucidum
  66. The most superficial layer of the dermis is the _____ layer
    Papillary
  67. _______ axillary sweat glands become active only at puberty
    Apocrine
  68. The superficial layer of the epidermis is stratum _____
    corneum
  69. The crescent shaped proximal area of the nail is the _____
    Lunula
  70. The stratum germinativum is the layer where most ______ occurs in the epidermis
    Mitosis
  71. _____ produce bone matrix
    Osteoblasts
  72. _____ are mature bone cells
    Osteocytes
  73. _______ is the production of blood cells
    Hemopoiesis
  74. Production of blood cells occurs in ______
    Red bone marrow
  75. Bone cells live in _____ in the bone marrow
    Lacunae
  76. Most bones of the skull are ______ bones
    Intermembranous
  77. Postcranial bones are ______ bone
    Endochondral
  78. Osteons form ______ bone
    Compact
  79. The ossified ends of bone are _______
    epiphyses
  80. Blood vessels supplying an oseon are located in the _______
    Central canal
  81. _______ digest bone matrix
    Osteoclasts
  82. The inner trabecular bone is ______ bone
    Spongy
  83. The connective tissue covering of bone is _______
    Periosteum
  84. _______ is the bone shaft
    Diaphysis
  85. Bone stem cells that produce osteoblasts are ______
    Osteoprogenitors
  86. The area of bone growth in immature bones is the _______
    Metaphysis
  87. Osteons are composed of concentric layers of bone called _______
    Lamellae
  88. _______ fibers attach the perisoteum to the bone
    Sharpey's
  89. The _______ of the skull is an endochondral bone
    Occipital
  90. Endochonral bone develops from ______
    Hyaline cartilage
  91. The _____ is an unpaired bone of the skull that contains the foremen magnum
    Occipital
  92. The ____ suture forms a joint between the frontal bone and the parietal bones
    Coronal
  93. Extra pieces of bone inside the sutures are _____ bones
    Sutural
  94. The ____ is the lower jaw
    Mandible
  95. The palatine and the _____ form the hard palate
    Maxilla
  96. The ____ bone forms part of the orbit and has a supercilliary arch
    Frontal
  97. The frontal and maxillary bones contain spaces called ____
    Paranasal sinuses
  98. The mallus, incus, and stapes are the ______
    Auditory ossicles
  99. The superior and middle nasal conchae are part of the _____
    Ethmoid
  100. The _______ vertebral curvature develops when an infant begins to raise its head
    Cervical
  101. The mastoid process is part of the ______ bone
    Temporal
  102. The skull is part of the ____ skeleton
    Axial
  103. The ____ bone does not articulate with other bones
    Hyoid
  104. Ribs articulate with ____ vertibrae
    Thoracic
  105. ______ is an abnormal vertebral curvature present in all humans
    Scoliosis
  106. An exagerated vertebral curvature in the lumbar area is ______
    Lordosis
  107. There are _____ cerviacal vertebrae
    Seven
  108. Five sacral vertbrae fuse to form the _____
    Sacrum
  109. ______ ribs do not articulate with sternal cartilage
    Floating
  110. The spinal cord passes through the ____ of the skull
    Foremen Magnum
  111. A bone that articulates with the scapula to form the glenohumeral joint
    Proximal humerous
  112. A bone that articulates with the medial clavicle
    Manubrium
  113. The ______ skeleton includes the bones of the UE and LE
    Appendicular
  114. A bone that articulates with the proximal 1st metacarpal
    Trapezium
  115. A tarsal bone that articulates with the distal tibia
    Talus
  116. There are ______ metatarsals
    Five
  117. There are _______phalanges in the 1st digit of the hand
    Two
  118. There are ____ tarsals
    Seven
  119. A bone that articulates with the patella
    Distal femur
  120. A bone that articulates with the distal radius
    Scaphoid
  121. A bone that articulates with the capitulum of the humerus
    Proximal radius
  122. The ____ articulates with the trochlea of the humerous
    Trochlear notch
  123. The distal ulna articulates with how many carpal bones?
    None
  124. The proximal femur articulates with the ______
    Acetabulum
  125. The pelvic girdle includes the sacrum and the _____ bones
    Coxal
  126. You are sitting on your _____
    ischial tuberosity
  127. What bone of the leg does not transfer weight?
    Fibula
  128. With what weight-bearing bone does the distal femur articulate?
    Proximal tibia
  129. The coxal bone is formed by the ______, the pubis and the ischium
    Ilium
  130. The shoulder girdle is formed is by the scapula and the _____
    Clavicle

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