Athletic Training

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Athletic Training
2011-10-16 23:57:43
HHP 122

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  1. What does the athletic trainer specialize in?
    • preventing
    • recognizing
    • managing
    • and rehabilitating injuries
  2. The athletic trainer funtions as a member of a health care team which also....
    incorporates and involves a number of medical specialties
  3. Athletic trainers provide a critical link b/w ___ and ____.
    medical community and physically active indivduals
  4. The traditional setting of practice includes:
    colleges and secondary schools
  5. In a traditional setting, athletic trainers deal exclusively with ?
    an athletic population
  6. List some of the work settings certified athletic trainers (ATC) work in today:
    • pro sports NASCAR
    • hospitals performing arts
    • clinics medical equipment & sales
    • industrial settings law enforcement
    • the military US gvnt
    • equipment sales
    • physician extenders
  7. With the evolution of the profession, a number of milestones have been achieved. List 5 milestones.
    • 1. Recognition of Acts as healthcare providers
    • 2. Increased diversity of practice settings
    • 3. Passage of practice acts
    • 4. Third Party reimbursement for ATs
    • 5. Constant revision and reform of AT education
  8. The role of the AT is more in line, today, as a _____
    health care provider
  9. ________ of ATs are employed in clinics, hospitals, industrial and occupational settings.
  10. What has the changing face of the AT profession resulted in ?
    changes in athletic training education
  11. What is sports medicine?
    broad field of medical practices related to physical activity and sport
  12. Sports medicine involves a number of specialties involving ____
    active population
  13. Sports medicine is typically classified as______.
    relating to performance enhancement or injury care and management
  14. Under the Sports Medicine Umbrella, list items under human performance.
    • Exercise physiology
    • biomechanics
    • sport psychology
    • sports nutrition
    • sports massage
  15. Under the Sports Medicine Umbrella, list items under Injury management.
    • Practice of Medicine
    • Sports Physical Therapy
    • Athletic Training
  16. What is IFSM
    International Federation of Sports Medicine (1928)
  17. AAFP?
    American Academy of Family Physicians (1947)
  18. NATA
    National Athletic Trainers Association (1950)
  19. ACSM
    American College of Sports Medicine (1954)
  20. AOSSM
    American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (1972)
  21. NSCA
    National strength and Conditioning Association (1978)
  22. AAPSC
    American Academy of Pediatrics, Sports Committee (1979)
  23. SPTS of APTA
    Sports Physical Therapy Section of APTA (1981)
    NCAA Committee on Competitive Safeguards and Medical Aspects of Sports (1985)
  25. FIMS
    Federation Internationale de Medecine Sportive (FIMS)
  26. Principal Purpose is to promote the study and development of sports medicine throughout the world
    International Federation of Sports Medicine (IFSM)
  27. What is International Federation of Sports Medicine made up of?
    national sports medicine associations of over 100 countries
  28. This organization includes many disciplines that are concerned with physically active individuals
    International Federation of Sports Medicine (IFSM)
  29. to promote and maintain high quality standards for family doctors who are providing continuing comprehensive health care to the public
    American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP)
  30. a medical association of more than 93,000 members
    American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP)
  31. Many ______ are members of American Academy of FAmily Physicians (AAFP)
    team physicians
  32. to enhance the quality of health care for athletes and those engaged in physical activity, and to advance the profession of athletic training through education and research in the prevention, evaluation, management, and rehabilition of injuries
    National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA)
  33. The National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) now has _____ members.
  34. This organization is patterned after FIMS (Umbrella Organization).
    American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)
  35. What is American College of Sports Medicine interested in?
    study of all aspects of sports
  36. The American College of Sports Medicine's membership is composed of ____.
    • medical doctors
    • drs of philosophy
    • physical educators
    • athletic trainers
    • coaches
    • exercise physiologists
    • biomechanists
    • others interested in sports
  37. American College of Sports Medicine has ___ members
    > 20,000
  38. to encourage and support scientific research in orthopaedic sports medicine and to develop methods for safer, more productive and enjoyable fitness programs and sports participation
    American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine
  39. its members receive specialized training in sports medicine, surgical procedures, injury prevention, and rehabilitation
    American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine
  40. _____ members of American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.
  41. to facilitate a professional exchange of ideas in strength development as it relates to the improvement of athletic performance and fitness and to enhance, enlighten, and advance the field of strength and conditioning
    National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA)
  42. _____ strenth and conditioning coaches, personal trainers, exercise physiologists, athletic trainers, researchers, educators, sport coaches, physical therapists, business owners, exercise instructors and fitness directors are members of National Strength and Conditioning Association
  43. National Strength and Conditioning Association includes these accredited certification programs.
    • Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS)
    • NSCA Certified Personal Trainer (NSCA-CPT)
  44. dedicated to providing the general pediatrician and pediatric sub-specialist with an understanding of the basic principles of sports medicine and fitness and providing a forum for the discussion of related issues.
    American Academy of Pediatrics, Sports Committee
  45. to educate all physicians, especially pediatricians, about the special needs of children who participate in sports
    American Academy of Pediatrics, Sports Committee
  46. to provide a forum to establish collegial relations b/w physical therapists, physical therapist assistants, and physical therapy students interested in sports physical therapy
    American Physical Therapy Association, Sports Physical Therapy Section
  47. promotes prevention, recognition, treatment and rehabilitation of injuries in an athletic and physically active population
    American Physical Therapy Association, Sports Physical Therapy Section
  48. provides educational opportunities through sponsorship of continueing education programs and publications
    American Physical Therapy Association, Sports Physical Therapy Section
  49. collects and develops pertinent info regarding desirable training methods, prevention, and treatment of sports injuries, and utilization of sound safety measures
    NCAA Committee on Competitive Safeguards and Medical Aspects of Sports
  50. disseminates info and adopts recommended policies and guidelines designed to further the above objectives
    NCAA Committee on Competitive Safeguards and Medical Aspects of Sports
  51. What does the NCAA Committee on Competitive Safeguards and Medical Aspects of Sports supervise?
    drug-education and drug-testing programs
  52. What was the national academy of sports medicine founded by?
    • physicians
    • physical therapists
    • fitness professionals
  53. focuses on the development, refinement and implementation of educational programs for fitness, performance and sports medicine professionals
    National Academy of Sports Medicine
  54. What does the National Academy of sports medicine offer?
    a variety of certification (fitness and performance)
  55. What other varius aspects of health related professions have become involved?
    • dentistry
    • podiatry
    • chiropractic medicine
  56. National, state, and local organization have emerged with health related organizations that focus on?
    athletic health and safety
  57. All bodies have worked towards _____.
    the reduction of injury and illness in sport
  58. What do sports medicine journals provide?
    excellent resources to the sports medicine community
  59. List 6 Sports medicine journals
    • 1. journal of Athletic Training
    • 2. Journal of Sports Rehabilitation
    • 3. International Journal of Sports Medicine
    • 4. Physician and Sports Medicine
    • 5. Clinics in Sports Medicine
    • 6. American Journal of Sports Medicine
  60. Employment opportunities are becoming increasing diverse. Why?
    • dramatic transformation since 1950
    • due largely in part to the efforts of the NATA
  61. Employment settings for the AT started out primarily in _______, progressed to ___ and are now found primarily in _____ and _____.
    • the collegiate setting
    • highschools
    • hospital and clinic setting
  62. Treating physically active populations consits of _____.
    athletic, recreational or competitive activities
  63. What does treating physically active population require?
    • pysical skills
    • utilizes strength, pwer, endurance, speed, flexibility, range of motion and agility
  64. This athletes focuses on organized competition.
    adolescent athlete
  65. With the adolescent athlete, a number of ____ are involved such as "how old or when should a child begin training?"
    sociological isues
  66. with adolescent athlete, _____ presents some challenges with respect to healthcare.
    skeletal maturity
  67. _____ can not be managed the same way as adults
    physically and emotional adolescents
  68. with the aging athlete, _____ changes overtime.
    physiological and performance capability
  69. in the aging athlete, function will _____ depending on point in lifecycle
    increase and decrease
  70. in the aging athlete, high levels of physiological function can be maintained through______.
    an active lifestyle
  71. When an aging athlete begins an exercise program, it should be __________.
    gradual and progressive as long as no unusual signs or symptoms develop
  72. Individuals over the age of ____ should have a physical and exercise testing before engaging in an exercise program.
  73. _______ are involved in strenuous, demanding or repetitive physical activity which may result in accidents and injury.
    Occupational, industrial or worker "athlete"
  74. AT deals with the patient and injury from _____
    its inception until the athlete returns to full competition
  75. Roles and Responsibilities: Board of Certification Domains: List
    • 1. Prevention
    • 2. Clinical evaluation and diagnosis
    • 3. Immediate Care
    • 4. Treatment, Rehabilitation and reconditioning
    • 5. Health Care Administration
    • 6. Professional responsibilities
  76. Ensure Safe environment
    conduct pre-participation physicals
    develop training and conditioning programs
    select and fit protective equipment properly
    explaining important diet and lifestyle choices
    ensure appropriate medication use while discouraging substance abuse
  77. Recognize nature and extent of injuy
    Involves both on and off-field evaluation skills and techniques
    Understand pathology of injuries and illnesses
    Referring to medical care
    Referring to supportive services
    Clinical Evaluation and Diagnosis
  78. Administration of appropriate first aid and emergency medical care (CPR, AED)
    Activation of emergency action plans (EAP)
    Immediate Care
  79. Design preventative training systems
    Rehabilition program design
    Supervising rehabilitation programs
    Incorporation of therapeutic modalities and exercise
    Offering psychosocial intervention
    Treatment, Rehabilitation, Reconditioning
  80. Record Keeping
    Ordering supplies and equipment
    Establishing policies and procedures
    Supervising personnel
    Organization and Administration
  81. Athletic trainer as educator
    Athletic trainer and continuing education
    Athletic trainers as counselor
    Athletic trainers as researcher
    Professional Responsibilites
  82. Incorporation of evidence medicine and participating and acquisition of evidence for efficacy of patient care
    athletic trainers as researcher
  83. Personal Qualities of the AT
    • Stamina and the ability to adapt
    • Empathy
    • Sense of humor
    • Communication
    • Intellectual curiosity
    • ethical practice
    • professional memberships
  84. What is the most important personal quality of the AT.
  85. Major concern on the part of the ATC should be ____
    the injured patient
  86. All decisions made by the AT impacts ___
    the patient
  87. The injured patient must always ____
    be informed
  88. The injured patient must be made aware of ____
    the how, when, and why that dictates the course of injury rehabilitation
  89. The patient must be educated about _____
    injury prevention and management
  90. Instructions should be provided to the injured patient regarding ___
    training and conditioning
  91. The AT must inform the patient to listen to ___
    his/her body in order to prevent injuries
  92. ATs must keep ____ informed, particularly in the secondary school setting.
  93. The parents decision regarding healthcare must be a _____
    primary consideration
  94. What may dictate care/selection of physician?
    insurance plans
  95. The AT, physician and coaches must be aware and inform parents of ______.
    Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
  96. regulates dissemination of Health information
  97. protects patient's privacy and limits the people who could gain access to medical records
  98. AT works under direct supervision of ____
  99. ___ serves to advise and supervise ATC
  100. _____ and ____ must be able to work together, and have similar philosophical opinions regarding injury management.
    physician and AT
  101. When the physician and AT work together, it helps to minimize ____
    discrepancies and inconsistencies
  102. What is the physician responsible for?
    compiling medical histories and conducting physical exams (pre-participation screening)
  103. who diagnoses the injury?
  104. decides on disqualifications
    -decisions regarding athlete's ability to participate based on medical knowledge and psychophysioligcal demands of sport
  105. The physician attends ____ and committed to_____
    • practice and games
    • sports and athlete
  106. potentially serve as the academic prgram medical director
    --coordinates and guides medical aspects of program
    --provides input into educational content and provides programmaic instruction
  107. must clearly understand the limits of their ability to function as a health care provider in their respective state
  108. directly responsible for injury prevention
    --athlete must go through appropriate conditioning program
    AT and Coach
  109. ____ must be aware of risks associated with sport
  110. ___ provide appropriate training and equipment
    coach and At
  111. should be certified in CPR and first aid
  112. must have thorough knowledge of skills, techniques, and environmental factors associated with sport
  113. must develop good working relationships with staff, including ATs
    --must be a cooperative relationship
  114. the athletic trainer must be aware of available ____ and _____ personnel.
    medical and non-medical
  115. AT must be aware of ___ services and ____.
    • community based
    • various insurance plans
  116. Support Health Services and Peronnel include:
    • physicians Dentist
    • Podiatrist Nurse
    • Physicians Assistant
    • Physical Therapist
    • Occupational Therapist
    • Massage Therapist
    • Ophthalmologist
    • Dermatologist
    • Gynecologist
    • Exercise Physiologist
    • Biomechanist
    • Nutritionist
    • Sport Psychologist
    • Coaches
    • Strength & Conditioning Specialist
    • Social Worker
    • Neurologist
    • EMT
  117. June 1990-- AMA officially recognized athletic training as _____.
    an allied health profession
  118. CAHEA?
    Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation
  119. charged with responsibility of developing essentials and guidelines for academic programs to use in preparation of individuals for entry into profession through the Joint Review Committee on Athletic Training (JRC-AT)
    Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation (CAHEA)
  120. JRC-AT
    Joint Review Committee on Athletic Training
  121. June 1994 CAHEA dissolved and replaced immediately by ____.
    Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP)
  122. recognized as an accreditation agency for allied health education programs by the US Department of Education
  123. Entry level college and university athletic training education programs at both undergraduate and graduate levels were accredited by _____ through 2005.
  124. In 2003, ____ became an independent accrediting agency.
  125. JRC-AT officially became the _____ in 2006.
    Committee for Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE)
  126. CAATE was officially recognized by ____ in 2007.
  127. a private nonprofit notional organization that coordiantes accreditation activity in the US
  128. Recognition by CHEA puts CAATE on the same level as other national accreditors, such as _____.
  129. Effects of _____ accreditation are not limited to educational aspects.
  130. Entry-level athletic training education programs include:
    • undergraduate and graduate
    • (LSU, McNeese, UL, LA College, North Western, Nichols)
  131. Advanced graduate athletic training education programs are designed for ___
    inds that are already certified ATCs.
  132. established in 1997 to dictate the course of the educational preparation for the athletic training student
    Education Council
  133. With the Education Council, focus has shifted to _____ education at the entry level.
    competency based
  134. significantly expanded and reorganized the clinical competencies and proficiencies
    Education Council
  135. Athletic Training Education Competencies. 12 Content Areas:
    • Risk management
    • Pathology of Injuries and illnesses
    • Assessment and evaluation
    • acute care
    • pharmacological aspects of injury and illness
    • therapeutic modalities
    • theraputic exercise
    • general medical conditions and disabilities
    • nutritional aspects of injury and illnesses
    • psychosocial intervention and referral
    • Organization and administration
    • Professional responsibilities
  136. Foundational Behaviors of Professional Practice
    ---People Components of the profession:
    • Recognizing the primary focus of practice should be the patient
    • Understanding that competent health care requires a team approach
    • Being aware of legal elements of practice
    • Practicing ethically
    • Advancing the knowledge base in athletic training
    • Appreciate cultural diversity
    • Being an advocate and model for the AT profession
  137. Post Certification: Graduate Athletic Training Education Programs, 12 programs are certified by the ____
    NATA Graduate Education Committee
  138. designed to enhance academic and clinical preparation of already certified ATs
    Post-Certification: Graduate Athletic Training Education Programs
  139. ____ is in the process of developing specialty certifications.
  140. ___ build on entry level knowledge
    Specialty certifications
  141. to provide the athletic trainer with advanced clinical practice credential that demonstrates attainment of knowledge and skills that will enance patient care, enhance health-related patient quality of life, and optimize clinical outcomes in specialized areas of athletic training practice
    Specialty Certifications
  142. To become certified as an AT, must have extensive background in formal _____ and supervised ______.
    • academic preparation
    • practical experience
  143. Guidelines for certification as an AT are set by ____.
    the Board of Certification (BOC)
  144. Upon meeting the educational guidelines applicants are elgible to ____.
    sit for the examination
  145. Examination is ____
    computer based
  146. AT exam assesses these 6 domains:
    • Prevention
    • evaluation and diagnosis
    • immediate care
    • treatment, rehabilitation and reconditioning
    • organization and administration
    • professional responsibility
  147. Upon passing the certification examinations = ____
    • BOC certification as an AT
    • --credential of ATC
  148. a prerequisite for licensure in most states
    BOC certification
  149. ensure ongoing professional growth and involvement
    continuting education requirements
  150. Over the course of 3 years, ATs must have ____ CEUs
  151. Purpose for continuing education requirements:
    • to encourage ATs to obtain current professional development info
    • To explore new knowledge in specific areas
    • To master new athletic training related skills and techniques
    • to expand approaches to effective athletic training
    • to further develop professional judgement
    • to conduct professional practice in an ethical and appropriat manner
  152. CEUs awarded for:
    • attedning symposiums, workshops, seminars
    • serving as a speaker or panelist
    • certification exam model
    • participating in the USOC program
    • Authoring a research article; authoring/editing a textbook
    • completing post-graduate work
  153. All certfied ATs must deomstrate proof of current ____
    CPR/AED certification
  154. During the early-1970s, ____ realized the necessity of obtaining some type of official recognition by other medical allied health organizations of the AT as a health care professional.
  155. DR. S.E. Bilik wrote what book?
    "Trainer's Bible"
  156. "The First Aider"
  157. 1950 101 ATCs formed this?