Card Set Information

2011-10-19 16:29:57

Show Answers:

  1. Prostaglandin E is usually given for which type of cardiac defect?
    • Coarction of hte aorta
    • (Maintains PDA open!!)
  2. When would you administer digoxin?
    Before feedings!
  3. What nursing interventions are necessary when you administer digoxin (Lanoxin)?
    • SE: weakness, HA, n/v, arrhythmias
    • Monitor for apical pulse, hold if <100 for infants
    • Given before feedings (oral dose)
    • Therapeutic range (1.0-2.0 ng/ml)
    • Monitor potassium levels
  4. What is the most likely nursing assessment finding in a infant just diagnosed with aortic stenosis?
    Heart murmur at the L sternal border
  5. When does a child achieve 50% of adult height?
    by 2 years
  6. When does a child throw a ball overhand?
    18 months
  7. How much weight should infant gain in first year of life?
    • 6-8 oz per week first 6 months (1 oz per day)
    • 3-4 oz per week during 6 to 12 month
  8. When is the newborns weight doubled?
    • 4-6 months
    • -4 months brest fed
    • -6 months bottle fed
  9. What are the avg measurements of an infant at birth?
    • 7.5 lb
    • 19-21 inches
    • head circ: 13-14 inches
  10. With which heart condition do you see machinery-like murmur on auscultation and signs of congestive heart failure?
    Patent ductus arteriosus
  11. what is the most common cause of cerebral palsy?
    Premature birth or very low birth weight
  12. A is a major insult associated with near drowning?
  13. What indicated increased intracranial pressure?
    • Projectile vomiting and severe HA
    • High pitched cry or irritability
    • Bilaterally dilated pupils
  14. What potential alterations in body systems might occur with congenital hip dysplasia?
    • Asymmetrical gluteal folds and an apparent limb-length inequality
    • Shortening of the affected femur
    • Trengelenburg gait
  15. Which condition is avscular necrosis of the femoral head?
    • Legg-Calve-Perthe disease
    • - pain in thigh, knee,groin,hip
    • -atrophy of muscles in thigh
    • -Trendelenburg gait
    • -Bedrest 1-2 weeks
  16. What sign will be positive in a child with muscular dystrophy?
    Positive Gower's sign: the child cannot rise from floor in stadndard fashion b/c of increaseing weakness
  17. What are the nursing implications for BUck's traction?
    Remove boot every 8 hours to assess skin. Leg may be slightly abducated
  18. Which traction is where both legs are extended vertically, with childs weight serving as the countertraction?
    Bryant's traction
  19. Characteristics that describe the sample and provide a composite picture of the subjects of the study; they are not manipulated or controlled by the researcher.
    Descriptive variables