Med Term Ch. 7

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  1. pulmon/o
  2. anthrac/o
    coal, coal dust
  3. atel/o
    incomplete; imperfect
  4. coni/o
  5. lob/o
  6. ortho/o
  7. ox/i
  8. pector/o
  9. phren/o
    diaphragm; mind
  10. spir/o
  11. -capnia
    carbon dioxide
  12. -osmia
  13. -phonia
  14. -pnea
  15. -ptysis
  16. -thorax
  17. brady-
  18. dys-
    bad; painful; difficult
  19. eu-
    good, normal
  20. tachy-
  21. acidosis
    excessive acidity of body fluids
  22. anosmia
    absence of the sense of smell
  23. apnea
    temporary loss of breathing
  24. asphyxia
    condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
  25. atelectasis
    collapsed or airless state of the lung, which may be acute or chronic and affect all or part of a lung
  26. cheyne-Stokes respiration
    repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of respiration, first deeply, then shallow, then not all
  27. compliance
    ease with which lung tissue can be stretched
  28. coryza
    head cold; upper respiratory infection (URI)
  29. crackle
    abnormal respiratory sound heard on ausculation, causede by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture- filled alveoli; also called rale
  30. croup
    common childhood condition involving inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchial passages and, sometimes, lungs
  31. deviated nasal septum
    displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils
  32. epiglottitis
    severe, life-threatening infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures that occurs most commonly in children between 2 and 12 years of age
  33. epistaxis
    nosebleed; nasal hemorrhage
  34. finger clubbing
    enlargement of the terminal phalanges of the fingers and toes, commonly associated with pulmonary disease
  35. hypoxemia
    deficiency of oxygen in the blood
  36. hypoxia
    deficiency of oxygen in tissues
  37. pertussis
    acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that hasd a "whoop" sound; also called whooping cough
  38. pleurisy
    inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing pain that is intensified by coughing or deep breathing; also called pleuritis
  39. pneumoconiosis
    disease caused by inhaling dust particles, including coal dust (anthracosis), stone dust (chalicosis), iron dust (siderosis), and asbestos particles (asbestosis)
  40. pulmonary edema
    accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli, caused most commonly by heart failures
  41. pulmonary embolus
    blockage in an artery of the lungs caused by a mass of undissolved matter (such as a blood clot, tissue, air bubbles, and bacteria)
  42. rhonchus
    abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation
  43. strido
    high-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway
  44. sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
    completely unexpected an unexplained death of an apparently normal, healthy infant, usually less than 12 months of age; also called crib death
  45. wheeze
    whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway
  46. mantoux test
    intradermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity based on a positive reaction where the area around the test site becomes red and swollen (like TB test)
  47. oximetry
    noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin (Hb) saturated with oxygen; also called pulce oximetry
  48. polysomnography
    test of sleep cycles and stages using continuous recordings of brain waves (EEGs), electrical activity of muscles, eye movement (electo-oculogram), respiratory rate, blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation, heart rhythm and, sometimes, direct observation of the person during sleep using a video camera
  49. pulmonary function tests (PFTs)
    multiple tests used ot evaluate the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane
  50. spirometry
    measurement of ventilatroy ability by assessing lung capacity and flow, including the time necessary for exhaling the total colume of inhaled air
  51. bronchoscopy
    visual examination of the bronchi using an endoscope (flexible fiberoptic or rigid) inserted through the nose or mouth and trachea for direct viewing of structures or for projection on a monitor
  52. laryngoscopy
    visual examination of the larynx to detect tumors, foreign bodies, nerve or structural injury, or other abnormalities
  53. mediastinoscopy
    visual examination of the medialstinal structures including the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus, and lymph nodes
  54. arterial blood gas (ABG)
    test that measures partial pressure of oxygen (Po2), carbon dioxide (Pco2), pH (acidity or alkalinity), and bicarbonate level of an arterial blood sample
  55. sputum culture
    microbial test used to identify disease-causing organisms of the lower respiratory tract, especially those that cause pneumonias
  56. sweat test
    measurement of the amound of salt (sodium chloride) in sweat
  57. throat culture
    test used to identify pathogens, especially group a strepococci
  58. thoracic radiography
    images of the chest taken from anteroposterior (AP) projection, posteroanterior projection, lateral projection, or a combining of these projections
  59. lung scan
    nuclear scanning test primarily used to detect pulmonary emboli
  60. aerosol therapy
    lung treatment using carious techniques to deliver medication in mist form directly to the lungs or air passageways. Techniques include nebulizers, metered-dose inhalers (MDIs), and dry powder inhalers (DPIs)
  61. lavage
    • irrigating or washing out of an organ, stomach, bladder, bowel, or body cavity with a stream of water or other fluid
    • irrigation of the antrum (maxillary sinus) in chronic or nonresponsive sinusitis
  62. postural drainage
    positioning a patient so that gravity aids in the drainage of secretions from the bronchi and lobes of the lungs
  63. pleurectomy
    excision of part of the pleura, usually parietal
  64. pneumectomy
    excision of a lung
  65. rhinoplasty
    reconstructive surgery of the nose to correct deformities or for cosmetic purposes
  66. septoplasty
    surgical repair of a deviated nasal septum usally performed when the septum is encroaching on the breathing passages or nasal structures
  67. thoracentesis
    surgical punture and drainage of the pleural cavity; also called pleurocentesis or troracocentesis
  68. tracheostomy
    surgical procedure in which an opening is made in the neck and into the trachea into which a breathing tube may be inserted
  69. antihistamines
    block histamines from binding with the histamine receptor sites in tissues
  70. antitussives
    relieve or suppress coughing by blocking the cough reflex in the medulla of the brain
  71. bronchodilators
    stimulate bronchial muscles to relax, thereby expanding air passages, resulting in increased air flow
  72. corticosteroids
    act on the immune system by blocking production of substances that trigger allergic and inflammatory actions
  73. decongestants
    constrict blood vessels of nasal passages and limit blood flow, which causes swollen tissues to shrink so that air can pass more freely through the passageways
  74. expectorants
    liquify repiratory secretions so that they are more easily dislodged during coughing episodes
  75. ABG
    arterial blood gas(es)
  76. AFB
    acid-fast bacillus (TB organism)
  77. AP
  78. ARDS
    acute respiratory distress syndrome
  79. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  80. CPAP
    continuous positive airway pressure
  81. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  82. CXR
    chest x-ray, chest radiograph
  83. DPI
    dry power inhaler
  84. DPT
    diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
  85. EEG
    encephalogram, encephalography
  86. FVC
    foced vital capacity
  87. Hb, Hgb
  88. HMD
    hyaline membrane disease
  89. Hx
  90. IPPB
    intermittent positive-pressure breathing
  91. IRDS
    infant respiratory distress syndrome
  92. MDI
    metered dose inhaler
  93. NMT
    nebulized mist treatment
  94. PA
    posteroanterios; pernicious anemia
  95. Pco2
    partial pressure of carbon dioxide
  96. PCP
    pneumocystis pneumonia; primary car physician; phencyclidine (hallucinogen)
  97. PND
    paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
  98. PO2
    partial pressure of oxygen
  99. RD
    respiratory distress
  100. RDS
    respiratory distress syndrome
  101. SaO2
    arterial oxygen saturation
  102. SOB
    shortness of breath
  103. T&A
    tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
  104. TPR
    temperature, pulse, and respiration
  105. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  106. VC
    vital capacity
Card Set:
Med Term Ch. 7
2011-10-17 17:29:46
Respiratory System

respiratory system
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