ORAL MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION

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Author:
JARoberts
ID:
109629
Filename:
ORAL MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION
Updated:
2011-10-19 20:48:45
Tags:
NURS1921 Oral Medication Administration
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Description:
GPC NURS1921 Oral Medication Administration Check Off
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  1. What is the generic name for AMOXIL?
    Amoxicillin
  2. That is the therapeutic classification for AMOXICILLIN?
    • Anti-infectives
    • Antiulcer Agents
  3. What is the parmacologic classification for AMOXIL?
    Aminopenicillins
  4. What is a medical diagnosis AMOXIL would be used for?
    Bacterial Infection
  5. What are the therapeutic effects of AMOXICILLIN?
    Bactericidal Action w/spectrum broader than penicillins
  6. What is the normal adult PO dose for AMOXIL?
    • 250-500 mg q 8 hr
    • Not to exceed 2-3 g/day
  7. What are the administration implications for AMOXICILLIN?
    • Assess temperature and CBC (WBC).
    • Assess for PCN or Cephalosporin allergy.
  8. What is a point of patient education for AMOXIL?
    Instruct patient to finish the drug completely as directed, even if feeling better.
  9. What are S/S of adverse effects the patient should be asked to notify for when administering AMOXIL?
    Allergic Reactions: Difficulty breathing and swelling of the tongue, lips or throat.

    Pseudomembranous Colitis: Diarrhea, abdominal cramps, fever and bloody stool.
  10. What is the most common side effect of AMOXICILLIN?
    Diarrhea
  11. Common drug/food interactions with AMOXIL?
    • May increase effect of WARFARIN (COUMADIN)
    • May decrease effectiveness of ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES
  12. What is the generic name for CARDIZEM?
    Diltiazem
  13. What is the therapeutic classification of CARDIZEM?
    • Antihypertensives
    • Antianginals
    • Antiarrhythmias
  14. What medical diagnosis would DILTIAZEM be used for?
    • HTN
    • Angina
    • Arrhythmia
  15. What are the therapeutic effects of CARDIZEM?
    • Decreased BP (systemic vasodialation)
    • Decreased frequency/severity of angina attacks
    • Decreased ventricular rate in AFib or Flutter
  16. What is the normal adult PO dose for DILTIAZEM?
    30-120 mg 3-4 times daily
  17. What are the administration implications for CARDIZEM?
    • Assess HR & BP.
    • May be administered without regards to meals.
  18. What is a point of patient education for DILTIAZEM?
    Caution patient to change positions slowly to minimize orthostatic hypotension
  19. What are S/S of adverse effects the patient should be asked to notify for when administering CARDIZEM?
    CHF: SOB after lying down, swollen feet/ankles, need to urinate at night.
  20. What is the most common side effect of DILTIAZEM?
    Peripheral Edema
  21. Common drug/food interactions with CARDIZEM?
    • Effect may be decreased by NSAIDs
    • May increase DIGOXIN levels
    • GRAPEFRUIT JUICE increases effects
  22. What is the generic name for COUMADIN?
    Warfarin
  23. What is the therapeutic classification for WARFARIN?
    Anticoagulants
  24. What is the pharmocologic classification for COUMADIN?
    Coumarins
  25. What is a medical diagnosis WARFARIN would be used for?
    Blood Clots
  26. What are the therapeutic effects of WARFARIN?
    Prevention of thromboembolic events
  27. What is the normal adult PO dose for COUMADIN?
    2-5 mg/day for 2-4 days; then adjust daily dose by results of INR.
  28. What are the administration implications for WARFARIN?
    • Asses HR & BP
    • Review PT/PTT/INR
    • May be administered without regards to meals
  29. What is a point of patient education for COUMADIN?
    Advise patient to report any symptoms of unusual bleeding, bruising or pain
  30. What are S/S of adverse effects the patient should be asked to notify for when administering WARFARIN?
    • Bleeding
    • Fever
  31. What is the most common side effect of COUMADIN?
    Cramps, nausea
  32. Common food/drug interactions with WARFARIN?
    • NSAIDs & ASA may increase the response and risk of bleeding.
    • Chronic Alcohol intake may decrease its effects while acute alcohol intake may increase its effects.
    • Ingestion of large quantities of foods high in Vitamin K (green, leafy veggies) may antagonize effects.

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