During American Revolution.txt

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CRISSYCOCO
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109686
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During American Revolution.txt
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2011-10-17 19:39:30
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American History AP
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During the Revolution
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  1. What are some advantages of the Americans in the revolutions?
    • Home court Advantage
    • Many British didnt want a full-scale war against colonies
    • British questioned how to pay
    • Risky to send best troops with European enemies close
    • Must bring troops and supplies from across the Atlantic
    • Troops spread thinly around world and didnt understand cause
  2. What were the advantages of the British in the revolution?
    • Superior resources
    • 9 million people w/ 2.5 million colonists
    • Large stocks of war material
    • Industrial ability to boost them further
    • Well-trained and experienced army
    • Highly centralized government
    • Master of the seas
  3. What were the weaknesses of America in the revolution?
    • No money
    • Short in supply
    • No war materials
    • Few proper uniforms
    • Hated military discipline
    • Washington had to create army from scratch
    • Lack of military experience
    • Ineffiency and corruption
  4. Who were the British leaders?
    • Gage (hated colonists)
    • Howe (sympethetic to colonists cause)
    • Clinton (fought in the south)
  5. Where did the war begin? What happened afterward?
    • Lexington and Concord
    • In the 2nd Continental Congress met
  6. Who was the president of the 2nd Continental Congress?
    John Hancock
  7. What did the soldiers do to save ammunition?
    To not fire their guns until they could see the whites of their eyes
  8. What was the role of the 2nd Continental Congress?
    • Originally called to plan further protests but took on role of central government
    • Began negotiations to persuade King and Parliment to change ways tried to encourage French in Canada to rebel
  9. Who appointed General Washington commander of Continental Army?
    The 2nd Continental Congress
  10. What was General Washington appointed commander?
    • Honeat honorable man
    • Had war experience
    • Represented the south
    • Was an FFV (first family of VA)
    • Took no money for his deeds
    • His selection was as much political as personality
  11. What was the Olive Branch Petition?
    • Last attempt at peace
    • The king said it was treasonous
  12. What was the Battle of Quebec?
    • A 2 pronged plan to go to Canada
    • It failed
  13. What were the 2 events that lead to the break between the colonies and england?
    • The english were hiring Hessians (german soldiers) to fight the colonists (they were ruthless)
    • The publication of Common Sense by Thomas Page (the pamplet was anonymous)
  14. What did the the Common sense pamphlet say?
    • Nowhere in the physical universe does a smaller body control a larger one
    • The power comes from the people not the king
    • It called for a new political society
    • He erges Americans to seperate from English
  15. Why pamphlet opposed Common Sense?
    Plain Truth by James Chalmers
  16. What was the the age of reason?
    • Also known as enlightenment
    • By using reasons humans could manage themselves & society w/o depending on authorities
    • Had little interest in supernatural or afterlife
    • Wrote in science, ethnics or govt. rather than religion
  17. Who were the major folks in the period of enlightenment?
    • Ben Franklin
    • Thomas Jefferson
    • Thomas Payne
  18. Difference from Europe during enlightenment?
    Get to test ideas about freedoms by creating a new society
  19. Who is John Locke?
    • An english professor
    • Stated the...
    • -"State of Nature"
    • -"Natural Man"
  20. What is the "State of Nature"? Who came up with it?
    • A man is by nature free and equal independent of eachother
    • John Locke
  21. What is "Natural Man" mean? Who came up with it?
    • Each man had possesion of his own body
    • John Locke
  22. What happens when men apply labor to land?
    He transforms what was formerly common into his own private property
  23. How would men protect themselves and hard won possessions from attack by wicked individuals?
    Men would agree to a social compact to end complete independence that exist in the state of nature
  24. What would men do to protect life, liberty, and property?
    Form a society under the supervision of government
  25. How were governments instituted?
    By consent of the governed for a definite purpose
  26. What did John Locke say happens if any government fails to fulfill it's purpose?
    It should be replaced by one that will
  27. What did people in the wilderness the the duty of the government was?
    the protect natural rights
  28. How did the people look at the English government?
    exceeding its power or authority
  29. Where are John Lockes ideas directly seen?
    in the Declaration of Independence
  30. What did Abigail write to John Adams?
    • "Don't forget about the ladies..."
    • "remember all men could be tyrants.."
    • "we should have to follow laws in which we had no voice in..."
  31. Where did Bengamin Franklin go with formal declaration? When?
    to france after the Declaration of Independence
  32. what are loyalists?
    • aka "tories"
    • dominant political party of england
  33. what are patriots?
    • aka "whigs"
    • opposition faction in england
  34. How did most of the people feel about the revolution?
    they didn't care
  35. According to John Adams what was the ratio of the opinion of the revolution?
    • 1/3 Patriots
    • 1/3 Tories
    • 1/3 Neutral
  36. Why did Great Britain not justify a rebellion?
    because they didn't feel it was worth it over taxes
  37. What was the typical loyalist?
    • educated
    • wealthier
    • older folks
    • those with ties to the king
  38. Why didn't tories band together?
    • no organization
    • no leadership
    • no central commity
  39. What was the famous Quote by Nathan Hale?
    "I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country."
  40. who painted Washington Crossing the Deleware?
    Emanual Leute
  41. What did General Washington read to the troops before they fought the Hessains crossing the deleware?
    The Crisis by Thomas Paine
  42. What was the turning point of the revolution? Why?
    • the battle of Saratoga
    • because the French officially helped the Americans
  43. How did the french help with the battle of Saratoga?
    the Continental Army was largely supplied and paid for with gofts and loans
  44. What did the British do after Saratoga? How did the Americans react?
    • British gave in on all issues before 1775
    • Its too late because they already have a treaty with france
  45. What was paper money called?
    "continental" and it was useless
  46. What was it like during the winter at valley forge?
    • a very hard winter
    • 1/4 of origianl 10,000 died
    • starving
  47. Where were the British when the Americans were at Valley Forge?
    Philidelphia
  48. Who was Marquis de Lafayette?
    • a French officer who was friends with General Washington
    • he came to help the American army to fight better
  49. Who made the americans "fighting men"? What were some other things he did to help the army?
    • Wlhem von Steuban reorganized the army
    • those who were trained under him became professionals
    • Devised system to curb waste
  50. Who is John Paul Jones? What is his famous quote?
    • the Greatest naval hero in American History
    • "I have not yet begun to fight"
  51. Whe turned on America in 1780?
    Benedict Arnold
  52. Who did Britain turn to in the Americas?
    the loyalists
  53. What was the Battle of mountain king?
    Backcountry stalked loyalists and surrounded them on mountain
  54. Who was nathanial greene placed in charge of?
    the south
  55. What what Francis Marion's nickname? why?
    • "swamp fox"
    • because of his guerrila tactics
  56. Who lead a fleet to block entrance of Chesapeake bay of Yorktown?
    The french
  57. Who was waiting on land of Yorktown to trick Cornwallis?
    Rochambeau and Washington
  58. What did the battle of Yorktown mark?
    • the end of the official fighting
    • they actually fought for another year after
  59. Why did the British surrender?
    • heavy losses in West Indies
    • national debt doubled since 1775
    • Rule of King George III ended
  60. Which party was favored by the colonies after the war?
    Whigs
  61. What was the problem between America and Fracne?
    the french weren't looking out forbest interests of americans
  62. Who did Continental Congress appoint?
    • Ben Franklin
    • John Jay
    • John Adams
    • Thomas Jeffereson
  63. What agreement did the American and French decide to make peace?
    • to seperate peacefully from France
    • The Treaty of Paris (1783) was made
  64. What does the Treaty of Paris (1783) state?
    • 1) Fromally recongized U.S.
    • 2) Generous Boundaried for U.S.
    • land south of great lakes, East of Miss. river, and North of Florida
    • 3) British agreed to remove troops from American soil
    • 4) Tory land- provide restitution
  65. What did the americans learn from the treaty of paris?
    the importance of playing one power agaisnt another
  66. Who was the "Father of American Navy"?
    John Barry
  67. Who took her Husbands cannon after he was killed?
    Martha Cochram Corbin
  68. Who diguised herself to enlist in continental army?
    Deborah Sampson Gannett

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