Diabetes S/S

Card Set Information

Author:
cris_tal1303
ID:
10972
Filename:
Diabetes S/S
Updated:
2010-03-17 15:03:37
Tags:
diabetes
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Description:
Diabetes symptoms
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  1. Hypoglycemia S/S
    Skin?
    Cool & clammy
  2. Hypoglycemia S/S
    Perspiration?
    Profuse
  3. Hypoglycemia S/S
    Mental Status?
    • anxious
    • nervous
    • irritable
    • mental confusion
    • seizures
    • coma
  4. Hypoglycemia S/S
    Misc?
    • weakness
    • double vision
    • blurred vision
    • hunger
    • tachycardia
    • palpitations
  5. Hypoglycemia S/S
    Glucose?
    <70 mg/dl
  6. Hypoglycemia S/S
    Ketones?
    negative
  7. Hyperglycemia S/S
    Skin?
    hot and dry
  8. Hyperglycemia S/S
    Dehydration?
    Present
  9. Hyperglycemia S/S
    Respiration?
    • Rapid, deep
    • Kussmual type
    • acetone breath
  10. Hyperglycemia S/S
    Mental Status?
    • Alert to stuporous
    • obtunded
    • frank coma
  11. Hyperglycemia S/S
    Glucose?
    >250 mg/dl
  12. Hyperglycemia S/S
    Ketones?
    Positive
  13. 3 P's usually associated with w/c diabetes type?
    • Type I
    • they are an acute onset
    • they may be seen in Type II but typically are in Type I
  14. Polydipsia
    What & Why?
    • excessive thirst
    • occurs because of dehydration cause by polyuria
  15. Polyuria
    What and Why?
    • increased frequency of urination
    • caused by osmotic diuresis from excess glucose in the urine as a result Na, Cl and K are excreted and water loss is severe
  16. Polyphagia
    What and why?
    • excessive hunger
    • occurs b/c cells receive no glucose
  17. Chronic complications
    • Cataracts
    • Retinopathy/Blindness
    • Infections (gangrene)
    • Kidney Disease
    • arteriosclerosis
    • MI
    • valve disease
    • CVA
    • gastroparesis
    • erectile dysfunction

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