PSYCHOLOGY PERSONALITY

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Author:
jeffcindric
ID:
109765
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PSYCHOLOGY PERSONALITY
Updated:
2011-10-30 21:22:46
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PSYCHOLOGY
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PERSONALITY AND TRAITS NOTES
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  1. WHAT IS PERSONALITY
    AN INDIVIDUAL'S CHARACTERISTIC ATTERN OF THINKING, FEELING AND ACTING.
  2. FREUD'S PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY PROPOSED:
    CHILDHOOD SEXUALITY AND UNCONSCIOUS MOTIVATIONS INFLUENCE PERSONALITY.
  3. HUMANISTIC APPROACH FOCUSES ON:
    INNER CAPACITIES FOR GROWTH AND SELFFULLFILLMENT.
  4. DEFINE FREE ASSOCIATION:
    PATIENTS RELAX AND SAY WHATEVER COMES TO MIND, NO MATTER HOW EMBARRASSING OR TRIVIAL.
  5. DEFINE PSYCHOANALYSIS
    FREUD'S THEORY OF PERSONALITY AND THE ASSOCIATED TREATMENT TECHNIQUES
  6. DEFINE UNCONSCIOUS
    VERY LARGE REGION OF ICEBURG CONTAINING THOUGHTS, WISHES, FEELINGS, AND MEMORIES OF WHICH WE ARE UNAWARE
  7. DEFINE PRECONSCIOUS AREA
    SOME OF THE THOUGHTS THAT ARE STORED TEMPORARILY IN THE UNCONSCIOUS THAT CAN BE RETRIEVED INTO CONSCIOUS AWARENESS
  8. WHAT'S THE ID?
    IT CONTAINS A RESERVOIR OF UNCONSCIOUS PSYCHIC ENERGY THAT, ACCORDING TO FREUD, STRIVES TO SATISFY BASIC SEXUAL AND AGGRESSIVE DRIVES. THE ID OPERATES ON THE PLEASURE PRINCIPAL, DEMANDING IMMEDIATE GRATIFICATION.
  9. WHATS THE EGO?
    THE LARGELY CONSCIOUS, "EXECUTIVE" PART OF PERSONALITY THAT, ACCORDING TO FREUD, MEDIATES AMONG THE DEMANDS OF THE ID, SUPEREGO, AND REALITY. THE EGO OPERATES ON THE REALITY PRINCIPAL, SATISFYING THE ID'S DESIRES IN WAYS THAT WILL REALISTICALLY BRING PLEASURE RATHER THAN PAIN.
  10. WHATS THE SUPEREGO?
    THE PART OF THE PERSONALITY THAT, ACCORDING TO FREUD, REPRESENTS INTERNALIZED IDEALS AND PROVIDES STANDARDS FOR JUDGEMENT (THE CONSCIENCE) AND FOR FUTURE ASPIRATIONS. ITS THE VOICE OF CONSCIENCE THAT FORCES THE EGO TO CONSIDER NOT ONLY THE REAL BUT THE IDEAL, AND THAT FOCUSES SOLELY ON HOW ONE OUGHT TO BEHAVE. IT STRIVES FOR PERFECTION.
  11. WHAT ARE THE PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGES?
    THE CHILDHOOD STAGES OF DEVELOPEMENT (ORAL, ANAL, PHALLIC, LATENCY, GENITAL) DURING WHICH, ACCORDIN TO FREUD, THE ID'S PLEASURE SEAKING ENERGIES FOCUS ON DISTINCT EROGENOUS ZONES.
  12. DEFINE OEDIPUS (ED-uh-puss) COMPLEX:
    A BOY'S SEXUAL DESIRES TOWARD HIS MOTHER AND FEELINGS OF JEALOUSY AND HATRED FOR THE RIVAL FATHER.
  13. DEFINE THE IDENTIFICATION PROCESS:
    THE PROCESS BY WHICH CHILDREN INCORPORATE THEIR PARENT'S VALUES INTO THEIR DEVELOPING SUPEREGOS
  14. DEFINE FIXATION
    A LINGERING FOCUS OF PLEASURE-SEAKING ENERGIES AT AN EARLIER PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGE, IN WHICH CONFLICTS WERE UNRESOLVED.
  15. WHAT ARE THE SIX DEFENCE MECHANISMS?
    • REPRESSION
    • REGRESSION
    • REACTION FORMATION
    • PROJECTION
    • RATIONALIZATION
    • DISPLACEMENT
  16. WHAT ARE DEFENCE MECHANISMS?
    IN PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY, THE EGO'S PROTECTIVE METHODS OF REDUCING ANXIETY BY UNCONSCIOUSLY DISTORTING REALITY.
  17. DEFENCE MECHANISM: DEFINE REPRESSION
    • IN PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY, THE BASIC DEFENCE MECHANISM THAT BANISHES
    • ANXIETY-AROUSING THOUGHTS, FEELINGS, AND MEMORIES FROM CONSCIOUSNESS.
  18. DEFENCE MECHANISM: DEFINE REGRESSION
    AN INDIVIDUAL FACED WITH ANXIETY RETREATS TO A MORE INFANTILE PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGE, WHERE SOME PSYCHIC ENERGY REMAINS FIXATED.
  19. DEFENCE MECHANISM: DEFINE REACTION FORMATION
    THE EGO UNCONSCIOUSLY SWITCHES UNACCEPTABLE IMPULSES INTO THEIR OPPOSITES. THUS, PEOPLE MAY EXPRESS FEELINGS THAT ARE THE OPPOSITE OF THEIR ANXIETY AROUSING UNCONSCIOUS FEELINGS
  20. DEFENCE MECHANISM: DEFINE PROJECTION
    PEOPLE DISGUISE THEIR OWN THREATENING IMPULSES BY ATTRIBUTING THEM TO OTHERS.
  21. DEFENCE MECHANISM: DEFINE RATIONALIZATION
    OFFERS SELF-JUSTIFYING EXPLANATIONS IN PLACE OF THE REAL, MORE THREATENING, UNCONSCIOUS REASONS FOR ONE'S ACTIONS
  22. DEFENCE MECHANISM: DEFINE DISPLACEMENT
    SHIFTS SEXUAL OR AGGRESSIVE IMPULSES TOWARD A MORE ACCEPTABLE OR LESS THREATENING OBJECT OR PERSON, AS WHEN REDIRECTING ANGER TOWARD A SAFER OUTLET.
  23. WHAT'S A PROJECTIVE TEST?
    A PERSONALITY TEST, SUCH AS THE RORSCHACH OR TAT, THAT PROVIDES AMBIGUOUS STIMULI DESIGNED TO TRIGGER PROJECTION OF ONE'S INNER DYNAMICS.
  24. WHATS THE TAT (THEMATIC APPERCEPTION TEST)?
    PROJECTIVE TEST IN WHICH PEOPLE EXPRESS THEIR INNER FEELINGS AND INTERESTS THROUGH THE STORIES THEY MAKE UP ABOUT AMBIGUOUS SCENES
  25. WHATS THE RORSCHACH INKBLOT TEST?
    MOST WIDELY USED PROJECTIVE TEST, A SET OF 10 INKBLOTS, SEEKS TO INDETIFY PEOPLE'S INNER FEELINGS BY ANALYZING THEIR INTERPRETATIONS OF THE BLOTS.
  26. WHAT IS SELF-ACTUALIZATION?
    ACCORDING TO MASLOW, THE ULTIMATE PSYCHOLOGICAL NEED THAT ARISES AFTER BASIC PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL NEEDS ARE MET AND SELF-ESTEEM IS ACHIEVED; THE MOTIVATION TO FULLFILL ONE'S POTENTIAL.

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