Microbiology : Chapter 10

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Author:
aji
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109784
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Microbiology : Chapter 10
Updated:
2011-10-18 18:22:00
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itsaji PHCC
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Description:
Classification of Microorganisms
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  1. ___ was thought to be a protozoan until DNA analysis showed it is a fungus.
    Pneumocystis Jirovecii
  2. Why does it matter whether an organism is classified as a protozoan or a fungus?
    For Treatment
  3. The classification of organisms by evolutionary relatedness is called
    Phylogeny or Systematics
  4. The science of classifying organisms.Provides universal names for organisms.Provides a reference for identifying organisms
    Taxonomy
  5. The study of the evolutionary history of organisms
    Systematics or Phylogeny
  6. Binomial Nomenclature
    genus + specific epithet
  7. Scientific Nomenclature- binomial
    • 1. Genus name is a noun
    • 2. Species name is an adjective
    • 3. Genus name is capitalized,species is not
    • 4. Both are always underlined or italicized
    • 5. System is universal
  8. Taxonomic Hierarchy
    • 1 Domain
    • 2 Kingdom
    • 3 Phylum
    • 4 Class
    • 5 Order
    • 6 Family
    • 7 Genus
    • 8 Species
  9. A ____ is a group of closely related organisms that breed among themselves.
    species
  10. A ____ is defined as simply a population of cells with similar characteristics
    prokaryotic species
  11. A collection of cells derived from a single cell is called ___
    a strain
  12. Grown in laboratory media
    Culture
  13. Population of cells derived from a single cell
    Clone
  14. Genetically different cells within a clone
    Strain
  15. All Eukaryotes are in the Domain
    Eukarya
  16. Domain Eukarya is divided into 4 Kingdoms
    • 1 Protista
    • 2 Plantae
    • 3 Fungi
    • 4 Animalia
  17. Multicellular; no cell walls; chemoheterotrophic
    Animalia
  18. Multicellular; cellulose cell walls; usually photoautotrophic
    Plantae
  19. Chemoheterotrophic; unicellular or multicellular; cell walls of chitin; develop from spores or hyphal fragments
    Fungi
  20. A catchall kingdom for eukaryotic organisms that do not fit other kingdoms
    Protista
  21. Protista grouped into clades based on
    rRNA
  22. Population of viruses with similar characteristics that occupies a particular ecological niche
    Viral Species
  23. Viruses are not classified as part of any Domain or Kingdom (T/F)
    True

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