Chapter 6 - Pharmacology

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drk9113
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109906
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Chapter 6 - Pharmacology
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2011-10-18 11:28:12
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Pharmacology
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Chapter 6 - Pharmacology
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  1. A CHEMICAL USED TO TREAT, DIAGNOSE, OR PREVENT DISEASE IS CALLED?
    A DRUG
  2. THE STUDY OF DRUGS AND THEIR INTERACTION WITH THE BODY IS CALLED?
    PHARMACOLOGY
  3. THE FOUR TYPES OF DRUG NAMES ARE
    • CHEMICAL NAME
    • GENERIC NAME
    • OFFICIAL NAME
    • TRADE (BRAND) NAME
  4. THE PURE FOOD AND DRUG ACT OF 1906 WAS DESIGNED TO IMPROVE WHAT?
    THE LABELING OF DRUGS, AND IT ALSO ESTABLISHED THE UNITED STATES PHARMACOPIA
  5. NARCOTIC DRUGS WERE INITIALLY REQULATED BECAUSE OF WHAT LEGISLATION?
    THE HARRISON NARCOTIC ACT OF 1914
  6. IN 1938 THIS ACT GAVE THE FDA AUTHORITY TO SET AND ENFORCE DRUG SAFETY STANDARDS
    THE FEDERAL FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC ACT.
  7. THE DURHAM-HUMPHREY AMENDMENTS IN 1951 REQUIRED PHARMACISTS TO OBTAIN WHAT IN ORDER TO DISPENSE MEDICATIONS?
    WRITTEN PRESCRIPTIONS. (IT ALSO CREATED STANDARDS FOR O.T.C. DRUGS)
  8. (TRUE OR FALSE) THE CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE ACT OF 1970 IS THE MOST CURRENT PIECE OF LEGISLATION REGULATING NARCOTIC DRUGS?
    TRUE
  9. A TEST THAT DETERMINES THE AMOUNT AND PURITY OF A GIVEN CHEMICAL IN A LAB SETTING IS?
    AN ASSAY
  10. THE RELATIVE THERAPEUTIC EFFECTIVENESS OF CHEMICALLY EQUIVALENT DRUGS IS CALLED?
    BIOEQUIVALENCE
  11. A TEST TO ASCERTAIN A DRUG'S AVAILABILITY IN A BIOLOGICAL MODEL IS CALLED?
    BIOASSAY
  12. WHAT ARE THE SIX RIGHTS OF MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION?
    • RIGHT PERSON
    • RIGHT DRUG
    • RIGHT DOSE
    • RIGHT TIME
    • RIGHT ROUTE
    • RIGHT DOCUMENTATION
  13. MEDICATION PACAKAGES THAT CONTAIN A SINGLE DOSE FOR A SINGLE PATIENT ARE CALLED?
    DOSE PACKAGING
  14. A MEDICATION THAT MAY DEFORM OR KILL THE FETUS IS CALLED?
    TERATOGENIC DRUG
  15. THE PROPORTION OF A DRUG AVAILABLE IN THE BODY TO CAUSE DESIRED OR UNDESIRED EFFECTS IS CALLED?
    FREE DRUG AVAILABILITY
  16. HOW A DRUG IS ABSORBED, DISTRIBUTED, AND ELIMINATED IN THE BODY IS CALLED?
    PHARMACOKINETICS
  17. HOW A DRUG INTEACTS WITH THE BODY TO CAUSE ITS EFFECTS IS CALLED?
    PHARMACODYNAMICS
  18. TYPE OF DIFFUSION TRANSPORT THAT REQUIRES THE USE OF ENERGY IS CALLED?
    ACTIVE TRANSPORT
  19. NAME THE FOUR PHARMACOKINETIC PROCESSES.
    • ABSORPTION
    • DISTRIBUTION
    • BIOTRANSFORMATION
    • ELIMINATION
  20. THE PROCESS IN WHICH CARRIER PROTEINS TRANSPORT LARGE MOLECULES ACROSS CELL MEMBRANES?
    CARRIER-MEDIATED OR FACILITATED DIFFUSION
  21. MOVEMENT OF A SUBSTANCE WITHOUT THE USE OF ENERGY IS CALLED?
    PASSIVE TRANSPORT
  22. MOVEMENT OF A SOLUTE FROM A LEVEL OF HIGHER CONCENTRATION TO LOWER CONCENTRATION IS CALLED?
    DIFFUSION
  23. MOVEMENT OF A SOLUTION FROM A LOWER CONCENTRATION TO A HIGHER CONCENTRATION IS CALLED?
    OSMOSIS
  24. MOVEMENT OF MOLECULES FROM AN AREA OF HIGHER PRESSURE TO LOWER PRESSURE IS CALLED?
    FILTRATION
  25. THE AMOUNT OF A DRUG THAT AVAILABLE AFTER IT REACHES THE TARGET TISSUES IS CALLED?
    BIOAVAILABILITY
  26. THE TIGHTLY BOUND CAPILLARIES IN THE CNS VASCULATURE THAT ONLY ALLOW LIPID BASED DRUGS THROUGH ARE CALLED?
    THE BLOOD BRAIN BARRIER
  27. THE BIOCHEMICAL BARRIER BETWEEN THE MOTHER AND FETUS IS CALLED?
    THE PLACENTAL BARRIER
  28. THE BODY'S BREAKING DOWN OF CHEMICALS INTO OTHE CHEMICALS IS CALLED?
    METABOLISM
  29. THE SPECIAL NAME GIVEN TO THE METABOLISM OF DRUGS IS CALLED?
    BIOTRANSFORMATION
  30. MEDICATION THAT IS NOT ACTIVE UNTIL IT IS BROKEN DOWN INTO IT METABOLITES?
    PRODUG
  31. THE LIVER'S PARTIAL OR COMPLETE INACTIVATION OF A DRUG BEFORE IT REACHES THE SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION IS CALLED?
    THE FIRST PASS EFFECT
  32. THE DELIVERY ROUTE OF A DRUG THAT REQUIRES IT TO GO THROUGH THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT IS CALLED?
    ENTERAL ROUTE
  33. THE DELIVERY ROUTE OF A MEDICATION THE BYPASSES THE GI TRACT IS CALLED?
    THE PARENTERAL ROUTE
  34. THE FOUR TYPES OF DRUG ACTIONS ARE?
    • BINDING TO A RECEPTOR SITE
    • CHANGING THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF CELLS
    • CHEMICALLY COMBINING WITH OTHER CHEMICALS
    • ALTERING THE NORMAL METABOLIC PATHWAY
  35. A SPECIALIZED PROTEIN THAT COMBINES WITH A DRUG RESULTING IN A BIOCHEMICAL REACTION IS CALLED?
    A RECEPTOR
  36. THE FORCE OF THE ATTRACTION BETWEEN A DRUG A RECEPTOR IS CALLED ITS?
    AFFINITY
  37. A DRUG'S ABILITY TO CAUSE THE EXPECTED RESPONSE IS CALLED ITS?
    EFFICACY
  38. THE BINDING OF A DRUG OR HORMONE THAT CAUSES A DECREASE IN THE NUMBER OF RECEPTORS IS CALLED
    DOWN REGULATION
  39. WHEN A DRUG CAUSES AN INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF RECEPTORS ITS CALLED?
    UP REGULATION
  40. A DRUG THAT BINDS TO THE RECEPTORS AND CAUSES THE DESIRED EFFECTS IS CALLED?
    AGONIST
  41. A DRUG THAT BINDS TO A RECEPTOR AND DOES NOT CAUSE THE DESIRED EFFECT IT IS CALLED A?
    ANTAGONIST
  42. A DRUG THAT BINDS TO THE RECEPTORS AND CAUSES SOME OF THE DESIRED EFFECTS BUT NOT OTHERS IS CALLED A?
    AGONIST-ANTAGONIST (PARTIAL AGONIST)
  43. AN UNINTENDED RESPONSE TO A DRUG IS CALLED A?
    SIDE EFFECT

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