ISDS Application Software

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ISDS Application Software
2011-10-20 16:48:06

Third Chapter to review for midterm
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  1. Application software is
    any program that gives the user the ability to complete work on the computer.
  2. General-purpose applications,
    such as word-processing or spreadsheet programs, enable users to complete common tasks.
  3. Multimedia and graphics software includes
    the use of two or more media, such as graphics plus video or audio.
  4. Codecs are
    algorithms that reduce file size and allow faster Internet transfer speeds.
  5. Use paint programs to create_____ _____ which are made up of tiny dots known as pixels.
    bitmapped images (raster graphics),
  6. Graphics Interchange Format (GIF)
    Lossless compression of simple images

    Often used for Web pages
  7. Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG)
    Lossy compression of complex images

    Also used for Web pages
  8. Productivity programs
    Make it easier to do work

    • Examples
    • Word-processing software
    • Spreadsheet or database software
    • Presentation software
    • Project management software
    • Personal information management software
  9. Microsoft Access 2010
    • Database management system
    • Designed to:
    • Store related data in tables
    • Create relationships
    • Generate forms, queries, & reports
  10. Microsoft Project 2010
    • Useful for the management of one or more projects that can vary in complexity
    • Features include
    • Visually enhanced timeline emphasizes due dates and deadlines
    • Team-planning capability
    • Portfolio manager monitors allocation of scarce resources and current project costs
  11. Microsoft Outlook 2010
    • Personal information management system
    • Features include
    • •E-mail
    • •Conversation grouping
    • •Ignoring conversations
    • •Think before you send feature
    • •Calendar with alarms
  12. Media
    • Refers to the technology used in presenting information including:
    • •Pictures
    • •Sound
    • •Video
  13. Multimedia programs
    Enable users to incorporate more than one type of technology
  14. Lossless compression—
    does not delete information needed to reproduce the

    image without flaws
  15. Lossy compression—
    removes some information, but the loss is

    typically not noticeable
  16. Audio Video Interleave (AVI)—
    Microsoft-created specification for packaging audio and video data into a file
  17. Desktop publishing programs
    Used to create newsletters, product catalogs, advertising brochures, and other documents requiring unusual design and layout normal word processors do not provide.
  18. Portable Network Graphics (PNG)
    • Patent-free alternative to a GIF
    • Lossless compression, suitable for Web use only
  19. Windows Bitmap (BMP)
    • Compression optional
    • Files tend to be large
  20. Tag Image File Format (TIFF)
    • Includes descriptive information with the image
    • Used in publishing
  21. Drawing programs
    Create vector graphics that can be edited and resized without distortion
  22. 3D rendering programs
    Provide graphic objects with three dimensional effects
  23. Ray tracing
    Manipulates variations in color intensity that would be produced by light falling on an object from multiple directions
  24. Computer Aided Design (CAD)
    3D rendering programs used by engineers and scientists
  25. Image editors
    • Advanced types of paint programs
    • Can change complicated bitmapped objects, including photographs
    • Can edit, but not create, bitmapped images
  26. Animation programs
    Give the ability to create animation from images and run the animation
  27. Audio software
    Used to capture and process sound used in multimedia presentations
  28. Standard sound file formats
    • MP3
    • Windows Media Audio (WMA)
    • WAV
    • Ogg Vorbis
    • Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI)
  29. Video editors
    oEnable the user to:

    •Modify digitized videos

    •Save in at least one of these formats:

    oMoving Picture Experts Group (MPEG)

    • oQuickTime
    • oVideo for Windows
  30. Multimedia authoring systems
    • Used to create multimedia presentations
    • Require a large amount of disk space and memory to run properly
  31. Web page authoring programs
    oProfessional development tools that have greater scope to create Web pages



  32. Web-hosted technology
    oShare files and collaborate

    •Windows Office Live

    •Google Docs

    oHelp avoid file incompatibility
  33. Undesirable Internet software
    oSpyware—monitors your activity

    oPop-up—small window that appears in the current browser window

    oAdware—targets products to your interests
  34. Home and educational programs
    oPersonal finance and tax preparation software

    oHome design and landscaping software

    oComputerized reference software

    •Multimedia dictionaries


    • •How-to guides
    • oComputer games
  35. Tailor-made applications
    oSoftware designed for specific businesses or users

    oOften cost more than general-purpose applications because of their development costs
  36. Custom software
    •Developed for a user’s specific needs

    •Necessary when an application is not available
  37. Packaged software
    •Developed for the mass market
  38. Standalone program
    oFully self-contained program


    •Purchased and installed separately

    •Function by themselves


    •Take a lot of storage space

    •Do not share resources
  39. Integrated programs
    oSingle program that combines the most commonly used functions of many productivity software programs

    • •Example: Microsoft Works
    • oModules (functions) share the same interface
    • oLacks features
  40. Software suite (office suite)
    • oBundle of standalone programs
    • •Word processing
    • •Spreadsheet
    • •Presentation graphics
    • •Database
    • •Personal information
    • oShare common code, drivers, and graphic libraries
  41. System requirements
    Outline the minimal level of resources that a program requires
  42. Time-limited trial versions
    oOffered for commercial programs by software companies
  43. Beta versions
    oSometimes available to users

    •Software is in the final testing stages and may contain bugs.

    Access is free.
  44. Software upgrading
    oHow software is kept current.

    •Small fixes to software are called patches.

    •Large or major fixes to software are called service packs or service releases.
  45. Software license
    Permits the user to install the program on one computer
  46. Site license
    Right to install copies of programs on a precise number of computers
  47. Validate software
    oProviding a special code or product key before using it
  48. Commercial software
    oSoftware that must be purchased

    •May have a trial period

    • •Examples
    • oMicrosoft Office

    oAdobe Acrobat

    oApple iLife
  49. Shareware
    You may try before purchasing
  50. Freeware
    oFree to users as long as users do not sell it to others
  51. Public domain software
    oCopyright-free software

    oUsers can modify or sell
  52. Copy-protected software
    Internal process prohibits making unauthorized copies
  53. Launching
    oMoves it from the hard disk to memory