Chapter 6

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bwanderoa
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109923
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Chapter 6
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2011-10-18 12:49:04
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  1. What is the purpose of the GI tract
    • Break Down Food
    • Prepare food for absorption
    • Eliminate Waste
  2. Pharynx
    Throat
  3. Soft, fleshy, V-Shaped tissue at the back of the throat
    Uvula
  4. Pharynx functions as a passage way for what?
    air and food
  5. Trachea
    Windpipe
  6. Leads to the stomach
    Esophogus
  7. Covers the trachea, functions to keep food out of the trachea
    Epiglottis
  8. Ortho
    Braces
  9. Endo
    Root Cunal
  10. Dent
    General
  11. What is the function of the stomach
    Storage and digestion of food
  12. 21 ft long
    3 Parts
    Duodenum
    Jejunum
    Ileum
    Small Intestine
  13. Fingerlike projections of the ileum, aid in absorption of food
    Villa
  14. 5 ft long
    4 major regions
    -cecum
    -colon
    -rectum
    -anus
    Large Intestine
  15. Absorb water and minerals
    Eliminates undigestible material
    No digestions takes place in this organ
    Large Intestine
  16. What is the function of the liver
    Production of Bile
  17. What does the liver NOT produce
    Inclein and Red Blood Cells
  18. -Produces digestive enzymes that move into the duodenum through the pancreatic duct
    -Endocrine gland secretes insulin into the blood stream to maintain normal blood glucose levels
    Pancreas
  19. Choledocholithuasis
    Stone in the bile Duct
  20. What is the fuction of the Gallbladder
    Storage area of bile
  21. Open sore or lesion of the skin or mucous membrane
    Ulcer
  22. Peptic Ulcer Disease
    hole in the stomach wall
  23. Gastric Ulcer developes where?
    Stomach
  24. Duodenal ulcer developes where?
    Duodenum
  25. Disorder of the Large Intestine
    Colitis
  26. Protrucion of any organ, tissue or structure through the wall of the cavity
    Hernia
  27. Diaphragmatic hernia
    hernia in the diaphram
  28. Herniophlasty
    surgical repair of the hernia
  29. Herniorrhaphy
    suture of the abdominal wall
  30. A partical or complete blockage in the small or large intestines that prevents forward flow
    Intestinal Obstruction
  31. Enlarged Veins in the mucous membranes of the anal canal
    Hemorrhoids
  32. Hemorrhoudectomy
    surgical removal of the hemorrhoids
  33. Inflammatory condition of the liver
    Hepatitis
  34. Causes by contaminated food water or milk
    Hepatitis A
  35. Usually transmitted from blood transfusions, IV drugs and sexual contact
    Hepatitis B & C
  36. Yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes and sclerae of the eyes, liver unable to remove bilirubin
    Jandice
  37. condition in which small blisterlike pockets develop in the inner lining of the large intestines and may balloon through the intestinal wall
    Diverticulosis
  38. Colonoscopy is located where
    Lower GI
  39. EGD is located where
    Upper GI
  40. Sigmoidoscopy is located where?
    lower third of the colon
  41. Anastomosis
    Surgical Joining
  42. Aspiration Biopsy Cytology
    ABC
  43. Alkaline Phosphatase
    alk phos
  44. alanine aminotransferase
    ALT
  45. Angiotensin Sensitivity
    AST
  46. barium
    Ba
  47. barium enema
    Ba
  48. bowel movement
    BM
  49. body mass index
    BMI
  50. Cystic fibrosis
    CF
  51. computed tomography
    CT
  52. esophagogastroduodenocopy
    EGD
  53. endoscopic retrograde cholangiapancreatography
    ERCP
  54. Gallbladder
    GB
  55. gastroesphoagel reflux
    GER
  56. gallbladder series (x-ray studies)
    GBS
  57. gastroesphagel reflux disease
    GERD
  58. gastrointestinal
    GI
  59. hepatitis A Virus
    HAV
  60. hepatitis b virus
    HBV
  61. hepatitis C virus
    HCV
  62. Hepititis D virus
    HDV
  63. Hepatitis E Virus
    HEV
  64. irritable bowel syndrome
    IBS
  65. liver function test
    LFT
  66. nasogastric
    NG
  67. physical examination; pulmonary embolism
    PE
  68. percutaneous transhepatic cholangeography
    PTCH
  69. immediately
    STAT
  70. past medical history
    PMH
  71. peptic ulcer disease
    PUD
  72. roux-en-Y gastric bypass
    RGB
  73. rule out
    R/O
  74. a.c.
    before meals
  75. b.i.d.
    twice a day
  76. h.s.
    half strength
  77. h.s.
    at bedtime
  78. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  79. p.c.
    after meals
  80. p.o.
    by mouth
  81. p.r.n.
    as required
  82. qAM
    every morning
  83. q.d.
    everyday
  84. q.h.
    every hour
  85. q.2h.
    every two hours
  86. q.i.d
    four times a day
  87. q.o.d.
    every other day
  88. qPM
    every evening
  89. t.i.d.
    three times a day

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