Psychology

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
109986
Filename:
Psychology
Updated:
2011-10-18 17:38:37
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Description:
Behavior in social and cultural context
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  1. Rules that regulate social life, including explicit laws and implicit cutlural conventions.
    norms (social)
  2. A given socila position that is governed by a set of norms for proper behavior.
    role
  3. a program of shared rule that govern the behavior of people in community or society, and a set of values, beliefs, and customs shared y most members of that community.
    culture
  4. A gradual process in which individuals escalate their commitment to a course of action to justify their investment of time, money, or effort.
    entrapment
  5. An are in social psychology concerned with social influences on thought, memory, perception, and beliefs.
    social cognition
  6. The theory that people are motivated to explain their own and other people's behavior by attributing causes of the behavior to a situation or a disposition.
    attribution theory
  7. The tendency, in explaining other people's behavior, to overestimate personality factors and underestimate the influence of the situation.
    fundamental attributions error
  8. The notion that many people need to believe that the world is fair and that justice is served, that bad people are punished and good people rewarded.
    just-world hypothesis
  9. A state of tension that occurs when a person simultaneously holds two cognitions that are psychologically inconsistent or when a person's belief is incongruent with his or her behavior.
    cognitive dissonance
  10. The tendency of people to feel more positive toward a person, item, product, or other stimulus the more familiar they are with it.
    familiarity effect
  11. The tendency of people to believe that a statement is true or valid simply because it has been repeated many times.
    validity effect
  12. The tendency for all members of a group to think alike or the sake of harmony and to suppress disagreement.
    groupthink
  13. In groups, the tendency of members to avoid taking action because they assume that others will.
    diffusion of responsibility
  14. In groups or crowds, the loss of awareness of one's own individuality.
    deindividuation
  15. The part of a person's self-concept that is based on his or her identification with a nation, religious or political group, occupation, or other social affiliation.
    social identity
  16. A person's identification with a racial or ethnic group.
    ethnic identity
  17. The process by which member of minority groups come to identify with and feel part of the mainstream culture.
    acculturation
  18. The belief that one's own ethnic group, nation, or religion is superior to all others.
    ethnocentrism
  19. A summary impression of a group, in wich a person believes that all members of the group share a common trait or traits (positive, negative, or neutral).
    stereotype
  20. A strong, unreasonable dislike or hatred of a group, based on a negative stereotype.
    prejudice

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