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Burns occur due to many heat sources. The most common emergency cases of burns are caused by
- radiation sources
The seriousness of a burn is estimated by its
- percentage of the body burned
- age of the victim
- underlying complications
Associated problems often cause more harm than the burn itself. Be alart for ____ and ____, as well as for broken bones or other injuries.
- inhalation injuries
- breathing problems
Signs of possible inhalation injury include:
- burned or signed nasal hairs
- burns in or around the mouth
- flecks of soot in the client's saliva
- smell of smoke on the client's breath
- hoarse voice
If a burned person was trapped in a confined space and exposed to chemicals or smoke
suspect smoke or heat inhalation injury
Drowning is suffocation from submersion in liquid. ____ implies that recovery has occurred after submersion.
Treat all near drowning victims for ____ and ____. Maintain respiratoins and blood pressure until the person is clearly medically.
twisting of a joint with rupture of ligaments and other possible damage
twisting or stretching that damages a muscle or tendon
displacement of a bone from a joint
____ do not move the person. Get emergency help. Question the person if he or she is conscious. Observe for obviously deformed limbs. The injury should be immobilized.
The cardinal rule of emergency care
a fractured ends of the bone protrude through the skin
the skin is not broken
- sensitivity or sensation
a tooth that is pushed up into the socket
a tooth that is knocked out
substances are those that burn or destroy flesh
suspect an obstructed airway when a person or child
- becomes cyanotic
- stops breathing
- collapses for no apparent reason
is cause by an insufficient supply of blood and oxygen to the brain.
things that cause faintness is
- extreme hunger
- being in an oxygen-deprived environment
symptoms of fainting
- spots before the eyes
- excessive perspiration
symptoms of myocardial infarction
- pain radiating to the back, neck, jaw, or teeth
- pain may be mistaken for heartburn or indigestion
- panic and a sense of impending doom
- difficulty breathing
- other signs of respiratory distress
- changes in pulse quality and rate
skin is cold and clammy and the person may be
indicating lack of oxygen to the tissues
medications dissolve the clot and clear the blocked blood vessel
blood oozes slowly out of the wound
blood comes in spurts with each heartbeat and is bright-red or pink. Is usually the most severe type of hemorrhage.
blood flows steadily and is dark in color. Usually is minor and stops by itself, unless the person has a bleeding disorder.
a tie used on an extremely over a pressure point to stop hemorrhage. Often is used as a last resort.
military antishock trousers
can develop life threatening shock before the bleeding is discovered.
This acronym SIRES is faced with an allergic or anaphylactic situation
- Identify the toxin
- Reverse the effect of the toxin
- Eliminate the toxin
is when a person is exposed directly to a hazardous substance.
occurs when the rescuer or healthcare provider is exposed to the contaminated person.
pumping the stomach
Hazadouis materials (HAZMATs) are used in the production of many common products including
- home cleaning agents
a substance that neutralizes poisons
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