History 102 Test 2

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Author:
Tpo
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110043
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History 102 Test 2
Updated:
2011-10-18 20:10:30
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INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION FRENCH BRITISH ENLIGHTENMENT JAPAN CHINA IMPERIALISM
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Test 2
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  1. Enlightenment
    • began with Locke and Isaac Newton
    • viewed as radical from most of the European countries
    • this idea creates classical music, books, masons etc.
  2. Philosophes
    • Nothing to be accepted on faith, only reason
    • human society had laws
    • progress was possible
  3. Three Estates
    • 1st- Clergy(100,000)
    • 2nd- Nobility (fighters-400,000)
    • 3rd- Peasants and Bourgeoise (24 mil)
  4. The Encyclopedia
    • First one made
    • Contained loads of information
    • Produced by Enlightenment
  5. Louis XVI
    • Inherited massive debt from father
    • Weak
    • Unable to deal with Frances Problems
  6. The Bastille
    • A fortress in Paris
    • Was stormed by 3rd Estate and freed few prisoners and stole ammunition and firearms
  7. Declaration of the Rights of Man
    • was formed from the National Assembly in France
    • gave the citizens of France rights
  8. Committee of Public Safety
    caused Reign of Terror(12 men ruled and had unlimited power)
  9. Levee En Masse
    • 1st Military Draft
    • Creates the French NATION
    • Biggest Army ~ 600,000 men
  10. Guillotine
    • Made as part of Enlightenment
    • Clean kill
  11. Free Trade
    Countries trade money/goods for other goods/supplies
  12. Enclosure
    Rich land owners blocked their private land from the middle and poor classes
  13. Industrialization
    • machines, in urban factories, with unskilled labor, replacing artisanal labor
    • literally powered by steam engine
  14. British East India Company
    • Originally brought in as "tax farmers"(have power to raise taxes)
    • Company began to acquire more and more territory in order to secure and impose political order in India
  15. "Crown Jewel"
    India
  16. Anglicization
    Spreading or making another culture more English/British
  17. Sati
    Ritual sacrifice done by Buddhist Monks in India
  18. Thuggees
    Basically Indias version of Thugs
  19. Tanzimat
    • restructuring; was opposed by janissaries and the "ulema
    • pushed by the British to modernize the Ottoman Empire
  20. Realpolitik
    • the politics of tough minded realism
    • neither liberal nor conservative
    • sought to engage the world as it was, not as idealists thought it would be
  21. Essays
    • 1. What were the causes and consequences of the
    • French Revolution?

    • 2. What were the causes and consequences of the
    • Industrial Revolutions?

    • 3. How and
    • why did the Europeans first colonize and then rule Africa and India?

    • 4. How did the non-Western countries—the
    • Ottomans, China, Russia and Japan—react and engage with the
    • imperial Western powers?
  22. Zaibatsu
    In Japan- corporations formed to power the 2nd Industrial Revolution
  23. 2nd Industrial Revolution
    • Uses Electricity, Petroleum, and Steel
    • Allows for an unprecedented level of production
  24. Meiji Restoration
    • Shogunate cannot resist foreigners, which erodes its prestige
    • Reform-minded daimyo stage a takeover and restore the Emporer to power

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