CGS2100 Ch.3 Terms

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seslyn
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110063
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CGS2100 Ch.3 Terms
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2011-10-18 21:25:30
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CGS2100 Terms
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FSU CGS2100 Ch.3 Terms
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  1. aggregator
    A software program that goes out and grabs the latest update of Web material (usually podcasts) according to your specifications.
  2. aircard
    A device that enables users to have wireless Internet access with mobile devices such as PDAs and notebooks.
  3. bookmark
    A feature in some browsers that places a marker of a Web site’s Uniform Resource Locator (URL) in an easily retrievable list. Also called favorites.
  4. Boolean operator
    A word used to refine logical searches. For Internet searches, the words AND, NOT, and OR describe the relationships between keywords in the search.
  5. breadcrumb list
    A list that shows the hierarchy of previously viewed Web pages within the Web site that you are currently visiting. Shown at the top of some Web pages, it aids Web site navigation.
  6. broadband
    A high-speed Internet connection such as cable, satellite, or digital subscriber line (DSL).
  7. business-to-business (B2B)
    E-commerce transactions between businesses.
  8. business-to-consumer (B2C)
    E-commerce transactions between businesses and consumers.
  9. cable
    A type of broadband Internet connection that uses a television’s cable service provider to connect to the Internet.
  10. chat room
    An area on the Web where people come together to communicate online. The conversations are in real time and are visible to everyone in the chat room.
  11. client
    A computer that requests information from a server in a client/server network (such as your computer when you are connected to the Internet).
  12. client/server network
    A network, consisting of client and server computers, in which the clients make requests of the server and the server returns the response.
  13. consumer-to-consumer (C2C)
    E-commerce transactions between consumers through online sites such as eBay.com.
  14. data transfer rate (bandwidth)
    The maximum speed at which data can be transmitted between two nodes on a network; usually measured in megabits per second (Mbps).
  15. dial-up connection
    A connection to the Internet using a standard telephone line.
  16. dial-up modem
    A device that converts (modulates) the digital signals the computer understands to analog signals that can travel over phone lines. The computer on the other end also must have a modem to translate (demodulate) the received analog signal back to a digital signal that the receiving computer can understand.
  17. digital subscriber line (DSL)
    A type of connection that uses telephone lines to connect to the Internet and that allows both phone and data transmissions to share the same line.
  18. domain name
    A part of a Uniform Resource Locator (URL). Domain names consist of two parts: the site’s host and a suffix that indicates the type of organization. (Example: popsci.com)
  19. e-commerce (electric commerce)
    The process of conducting business online for purposes ranging from fund-raising to advertising to selling products.
  20. e-mail (electronic mail)
    Internet-based communication in which senders and recipients correspond.
  21. e-mail client
    A software program that runs on a computer and is used to send and receive e-mail through the ISP’s server.
  22. express card slot (PC card slot)
    Devices that fit either into a USB port or a special slot on the side of a notebook.
  23. favorites
    also known as bookmarks
  24. Fiber-Optic Service (FiOS)
    Internet access that is enabled by transmitting data at the speed of light through glass or plastic fibers.
  25. File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
    A protocol used to upload and download files from one computer to another over the Internet.
  26. home page
    The main or opening page of a web site.
  27. host
    The portion of a domain name that identifies who maintains a given Web site. For example, berkeley.edu is the domain name for the University of California at Berkeley, which maintains that site.
  28. hyperlink
    A type of specially coded text that, when clicked, enables a user to jump from one location, or Web page, to another within a Web site or to another Web site altogether.
  29. HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
    The protocol that allows files to be transferred from a Web server so that you can see them on your computer by using a browser.
  30. instant messaging (IM)
    A program that enables users to communicate online in real time with others who are also online.
  31. internet
    A network of networks that is the largest network in the world, connecting millions of computers from more than one hundred countries.
  32. internet backbone
    The main pathway of high-speed communications lines over which all Internet traffic flows.
  33. Internet Protocol (IP)
    A protocol for sending data between computers on the Internet.
  34. Internet Relay Chat (IRC)
    A means of synchronous group communication used in discussion forums.
  35. keyword
    (1) A specific word a user wishes to query (or look for) in an Internet search. (2) A specific word that has a predefined meaning in a particular programming language.
  36. large-scale networking (LSN)
    A program created by the U.S. government, the objective of which is to fund the research and development of cutting-edge networking technologies. Major goals of the program are the development of enhanced wireless technologies and increased network throughput.
  37. live bookmark
    A bookmark that delivers updates to you as soon as they become available, using Really Simple Syndication (RSS).
  38. multiplayer online game
    An online game in which play occurs among hundreds or thousands of other players over the Internet in a persistent or ever-on game environment. In some games, players can interact with other players through trading, chatting, or playing cooperative or combative mini-games.
  39. massive multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPG)
    A gaming environment in which thousands of participants interact in a virtual game world by assuming roles of fictitious characters.
  40. metasearch engine
    A metasearch engine, such as Dogpile, searches other search engines rather than individual Web sites.
  41. modem
    A metasearch engine, such as Dogpile, searches other search engines rather than individual Web sites.
  42. multimedia
    Anything that involves one or more forms of media plus text.
  43. multiplayer online game
    An online game in which play occurs among hundreds or thousands of other players over the Internet in a persistent or ever-on game environment. In some games, players can interact with other players through trading, chatting, or playing cooperative or combative mini-games.
  44. netiquette
    The general rules of etiquette for Internet chat rooms and other online communication.
  45. network interface card (NIC)
    An expansion card that enables a computer to connect other computers or to a cable modem to facilitate a high-speed Internet connection.
  46. newsgroup
    A method of communication, similar to a discussion group or forum, in which people create threads, or conversations. In a thread, a newsgroup member will post messages and read and reply to messages from other members of the newsgroup.
  47. path (subdirectory)
    The information after the slash indicates a particular file or path (or subdirectory) within the Web site.
  48. plug-in (player)
    A small software program that “plugs in” to a Web browser to enable a specific function—for example, to view and hear certain multimedia files on the Web.
  49. podcast
    A clip of audio or video content that is broadcast over the Internet using compressed audio or video files in formats such as MP3.
  50. Really Simple Syndication (RSS) technology
    An XML-based format that allows frequent updates of content on the World Wide Web.
  51. satellite Internet
    A way to connect to the Internet using a small satellite dish, which is placed outside the home and is connected to a computer with coaxial cable. The satellite company then sends the data to a satellite orbiting the Earth. The satellite, in turn, sends the data back to the satellite dish and to the computer.
  52. search engine
    A set of programs that searches the Web for specific words (or keywords) you wish to query (or look for) and then returns a list of the Web sites on which those keywords are found.
  53. server
    A computer that provides resources to other computers on a network.
  54. social bookmark (tag)
    A keyword or term that Internet users assign to a Web resource such as a Web page, digital image, or video.
  55. social networking
    A means by which people use the Internet to communicate and share information among their immediate friends, and meet and connect with others through common interests, experiences, and friends.
  56. spider
    A program that constantly collects information on the Web, following links in Web sites and reading Web pages. Spiders get their name because they crawl over the Web using multiple “legs” to visit many sites simultaneously.
  57. streaming audio
    Technology that enables audio files to be fed to a browser continuously. This lets users avoid having to download an entire file before listening.
  58. streaming video
    Technology that enables video files to be fed to a browser continuously. This lets users avoid having to download the entire file before viewing.
  59. subject directory
    A structured outline of Web sites organized by topics and subtopics.
  60. top-level domain (TLD)
    The suffix, often of three letters, in the domain name (such as .com or .edu) that indicates the kind of organization the host is.
  61. Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
    A Web site’s unique address; an example is microsoft.com.
  62. video log (vlog or video blog)
    A personal online journal that uses video as the primary content in addition to text, images, and audio.
  63. Web 2.0
    Tools and Web-based services that emphasize online collaboration and sharing among users.
  64. Web browser
    Software installed on a computer system that allows individuals to locate, view, and navigate the Web.
  65. Web server
    A computer running a specialized operating system that enables it to host Web pages (and other information) and provide requested Web pages to clients.
  66. Web site
    A location on the web.
  67. webcast
    The broadcast of audio or video content over the Internet. Unlike a podcast, a webcast is not updated automatically.
  68. wiki
    A type of Web site that allows anyone visiting the site to change its content by adding, removing, or editing the content.
  69. World Wide Web (WWW or the Web)
    The part of the Internet used the most. What distinguishes the Web from the rest of the Internet are (1) its use of common communication protocols (such as Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, or TCP/IP) and special languages (such as the HyperText Markup Language, or HTML) that enable different computers to talk to each other and display information in compatible formats; and (2) its use of special links (called hyperlinks) that enable users to jump from one place to another in the Web.

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