11.1 GA system

The flashcards below were created by user XQWCat on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. abomasium
    true stomach of ruminant digestive system
  2. alimentary or digestive tract
    passage from mouth to anus
  3. alveolus
    tooth socket in the maxilla and mandible (also refers to air socket of lung)
  4. ampulla
    sac-shaped dilation of canal or tube
  5. anus
    distal opening of alimentary tract
  6. appendix
    any appendage, especially vermiform appendix attached to cecum
  7. bile
    secretion of the liver that aids in digestion
  8. biliary
    pertaining to bile
  9. brachydont
    short-crowned tooth with enamel covering the crown
  10. buccal surface of tooth
    surface of tooth next to cheek
  11. cecum
    blind pouch portion of large intestine for fermentation of food
  12. celiac
    pertaining to abdomen
  13. cementum
    bonelike connective tissue that covers the roots of brachydont teeth
  14. cholecyst
  15. choledochus
    common bile duct
  16. chyle
    milky fluid conveyed by lymphatic vessels from intestine after digestion into circulation
  17. chyme
    semifluid contents of stomach after digestion
  18. colon
    part of large intestine extending from cecum to rectum
  19. common bile duct
    duct formed by junction of cystic and hepatic ducts
  20. coprophagia (coprophagy)
    oral ingestion of fecal material
  21. cud
    bolus containing fiber, other food particles, rumen liquid, and flora; regurgitated by ruminants
  22. deciduous
    shed at a specific stage of development
  23. dentin
    connective tissue surrounding tooth pulp that is covered by enamel on exposed tooth and by cementum on part implanted in jaw
  24. diastema
    interdental space between incisors, canines and cheek teeth
  25. duadenal glands
    glands in submucous layer of duodenum
  26. duodenum
    first portion of small intestine, exending from pylorus of stomach to jejunum
  27. enamel
    hard, white substance (hardest in the body) covering dentin of crown part of tooth
  28. esophagus
    musculomembranous canal that extends from pharynx to stomach
  29. filiform
  30. flexure
    bend, fold, or curved part of structure
  31. fungiform
  32. gallbladder
    organ located on undersurface of liver; stores bile
  33. gastric glands
    glands of stomach that secrete digestive chemicals
  34. gingivae
    gums of mouth
  35. hypsodont
    long-crowned tooth found in herbivores that has enamel extending below the gumline and invaginated into longitudinal grooves of the tooth; a distinct neck is lacking
  36. ileocecal valve
    mucous membrane folds between ileum and cecum; prevent reflux from colon into ileum (also called ileocolic valve)
  37. ileum
    distal portion of small intestine, extending from jejunum to cecum
  38. incisor
    any one of front teeth of either jaw
  39. islets of Langerhans
    irregular, microscopic formations of cells in pancreas; secrete insulin and glucagon
  40. jejunum
    portion of small intestine that extends from duodenum to ileum
  41. labia
  42. lingua
  43. liver
    large, dome-shaped organ in upper part of abdomen under diaphragm
  44. mesentary
    peritoneal fold that attaches intestine to dorsal abdominal wall
  45. omasum
    third and smallest compartment of rumen
  46. omentum
    fold of peritoneum overlying stomach and other visceral organs
  47. oropharynx
    section of pharynx that lies between soft palate and epiglottis
  48. palate
    roof of mouth separating oral cavity from nasal cavity
  49. pancreas
    long, irregularly shaped gland located in the mesentary of the duodenum; secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum (exocrine function) and hormones into the blood (endocrine function)
  50. parotid salivary gland
    large salivary gland located near ear
  51. peptic glands
    glands of mucous membrane of simple stomach that secrete acid and pepsin
  52. peristalsis
    wave-like movement by which alimentary tract propels its contents
  53. peritoneum
    serous membrane lining abdominal cavity, with part covering viscera and holding them in place
  54. pharynx
    musculomembranous opening into nasal cavities, mouth larynx, and esophagus
  55. pylorus
    distal opening of stomach through which stomach contents enter duodenum
  56. regurgitation
    backward flow as in casting up of food
  57. reticulum
    smallest, most cranial portion of ruminant stomach; also called honeycomb
  58. rugae
    wrinkles or folds appearing on surface of mucous membrane of simple stomach when muscular coat contracts
  59. rumen
    largest of compartments of forestomach of ruminants; serves as fermenting vat
  60. rumination
    includes regurgitation, remastication, ensalivation and reswallowing of partially digested food
  61. saliva
    clear secretion of salivary glands containing digestive enzymes
  62. salivary glands
    oral cavity glands that secrete saliva
  63. secretin
    hormone produced by glands of duodenum that stimulates secretion of pancreatic juice
  64. sphincter
    ringlike muscle that closes natural opening
  65. stomach
    musculmembraneous digestive pouch at distal end of esophagus
  66. sublingual salivary glands
    smallest of salivary glands; located beneath tongue on either side
  67. submandibular and submaxillary salivary glands
    salivary glands below angle of lower jaw on either side
  68. tongue
    freely moving muscular organ of taste, located in floor of mouth; aids in prehension, mastication, grooming, swallowing, sound articulation, and other functions, depending on species.
  69. vallate
  70. villi
    threadlike projections covering mucosa of small intestine; aid in absorption of digested matter
Card Set
11.1 GA system
11.1 GA system
Show Answers