AFA 202 Midterm 2011

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blw228
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110124
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AFA 202 Midterm 2011
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2011-10-18 22:58:43
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AFA midterm Fall 2011
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  1. Kentucky raised a significant quantity of hemp, a plant related to marijuana. What was hemp used for?
    Rope and bagging for cotton bales
  2. Which slave group had the highest status on the plantation?
    skilled slaves
  3. Which very profitable crop pushed owners to work their slaves very hard, under very difficult times and weather conditions?
    sugarcane
  4. Which new states led the production of cotton, in what was called the "Black Belt"?
    Alabama and Mississippi
  5. Where was tabacco cultivation important?
    Virginia, Maryland, and North Carolina
  6. Which of the following is true about slave ownership in the Old South?
    A small percentage of AA owned slaves
  7. What crop did most agrictultural slaves tend?
    Cotton
  8. What was a primary advantage of being a skilled slave?
    It was possible for them to get a taste of freedom and independence through their skills
  9. Why did slaves prefer even dirty, menial industrial labor to plantation work?
    There was less freedom in industrial work, but they could socialize more with friends
  10. What elements of Christianity did white masters choose to present to their slaves?
    Slaves must obey theri masters just as they were supposed to obey God
  11. What was the most common form of resistance to slavery among blacks?
    Day-to-day reistance and even escape
  12. Which of the following was NOT a difficulty faced by early black schools?
    they never had sufficient enrollment
  13. What prominent Protestant denominiation came out of black efforts to establish a separate church in Philadelphia?
    African Methodist Episcopal
  14. How did Prince Hall found a Masonic lodge for blacks in America?
    He went through the British memebership application process
  15. What was the result of the Three-Fifths Clause in the Constituion?
    It gave teh South increased political power on the basis of people who could not have any say in governent
  16. What did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 NOT do?
    Banned all slavery in territory west of the Appalachians after 1800
  17. What right did Mass., unique among the colonies, grant its black residents in 1783?
    The right for free blacks to own property and be legally married
  18. Which two states abolished slavery immediately during the 1770s and the 1780s?
    Vermont and Mass.
  19. How did Mass. abolish slavery?
    Elizabeth Freeman and Quok Walker sued for their freedom under terms of a new state constitution
  20. Why did Quakers take the lead in abolitionism?
    Quaker ideology had long stressed principles of brotherhood of man and nonviolence
  21. How did Banneker attempt to change Jeffersons ideas about black people?
    He sent Jefferson a copy of his almanac, and debated racial theories with him
  22. How did Phillis Wheatley distinguish herself?
    As a poet
  23. How did Wheatley demonstrate that she approved of the adoption of the white culture by blacks?
    Acutally, Wheatley absorbed white values, but also held views, that were contradictory to those of her whtie masters and demonstrated pride in her race's abilities.
  24. Which scolar/philosopher was an infuence on Enlightenment thought in Eurorpe?
    John Locke
  25. How did Enlightenment thought affect AA in the 1760s and 1770s?
    They files lawsuits in the North, escaped from the South, and protested in large numbers
  26. Who was Crispus Attucks?
    One of the people who died after accosting British soldiers at the Boston Massacre
  27. What do the Proclamation Line of 1763, the Stamp Act of 1765, and the Townshend Acts of 1767 have in common?
    They were efforts by the British to establish more control over the colonies, and bring in money, after the French and Indian War
  28. Why did blacks choose to support the British over the American colonist during the Revolution?
    Blacks resented that the Americans would not let them enlist and were upholding slavery
  29. What is true about Lord Dunmroes proclamation in November 1775?
    Dunmore promised to free slaves who joined the British army
  30. Which of the following statements is true about punishment for slaves?
    Southern whites thought that blacks would not work unless they had the threat of physical punishment
  31. Which of the following NOT true about slave marriages?
    Many masters allowed slaves to have legal, formal weddign ceremonies
  32. What elements of Christianity did white masters choose to present their slaves?
    Slaves must obey their masters, just like they were supposed to obey God
  33. Where was the largest black free black urban population in the period between 1850 and 1860?
    Phiadelphia
  34. Most whtie northerners in the period 1820-1860:
    wanted nothing to do with blakcs, and had the same kind of racist ideas as Southerners
  35. What were black laws?
    ALL APPLY: laws that set up cetain rights for blacks, including some rights previously held by whites only, laws that made it more diffucult for blacks to come into an area, and laws that forbid blacks from entering certain professions like law and medicine
  36. When property qualifications were removed from voting requirements in most states durign the Age of Jackson:
    Elite disfranchised black men
  37. How did New York deal with voting requirements for blacks?
    it eliminated the propery requirements for white, but continues to have black men
  38. What form of discrimination did all free blacks in urban areas face in the North?
    Segregation
  39. Why was it difficult for blacks to find jobs in the North after 1820?
    White immigration increase, and employers preferred to hire whites
  40. What types of skilled jobs were black men able to find?
    Shoemakers or barbers
  41. What types of jobs were black women able to find?
    Domestic servants or seamstresses
  42. What were Fredrick Douglass and other abolitionist leaders able to do Mass. public schools?
    Desegregate the schools, including those in Boston, by 1855
  43. Which of these states led production of cotton in what was called the "Black Belt"?
    Alabama and Mississippi
  44. What is true about the womens labor in agricultural work in the South?
    They often did the same, physically demanding, backbreaking work as the men
  45. Which group grew rapidly in the area of New Orleans after the Louisiana Purchase?
    Creoles
  46. Why did most whites NOT want blacks to enlist in the army?
    They believed both that blacks were too fearful and that black enlistment would inspire rebellion
  47. Which two states abolished slavery immediately during the 1770s and 1780s?
    Vermond and Mass.
  48. How did Mass. abolish slavery?
    Elizabeth Freeman and Walker sued for their freedom under the terms of a new state consitution
  49. What did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 NOT do?
    Ban all slavery in territory west of the Appalachians after 1800
  50. Anti-slavery societies were not generally very successful in the South. What was one change across a few southern states that did affect slaves chances for freedom?
    Manumission laws were mad more permissive
  51. Why might a master fire a slave?
    ALL CORRECT it might generate a profit for them, in addition to the slaves labor, they might think that manumission was the only way to keep slaves from leaving en masse, and they might not find a certain slave useful
  52. Why did blacks want to form separate institutions after the American Revolution?
    ALL CORRECT they faced continued resentment and discrimination in white instituions, they wanted to preserve and continue unique aspects of their culture, there was a much larger free black community in many northern cities after the Revolution
  53. How are Richard Allen and Absalom Hones important in AA history?
    They led the formation of the first separate and the independent black churches in America
  54. What prompted black members of St. George's Methodist Church in Philadelphia to separate and from their own church?
    White members of the church attempted to move a member to the black area during prayer
  55. Which of the following was NOT a difficulty faced by early black schools?
    They never had sufficient enrollment
  56. What groups of blacks emerged as leaders after the American Revolution?
    Clergy and businessmen
  57. What was the most common form of resistance to slavery among blacks?
    Day-to-day resistance and even escape
  58. Who organized the Louisiana Rebellion?
    [Charles] Deslondes
  59. Which of the following statements is true about the Southern reaction to slave violence?
    ALL CORRECT: they decide to enact laws and practices to make slavery harsher, fear and concern swept the South, they began to be much more suspicious of foreigners and outsiders including Northerners
  60. Which state experienced the highest growth rate in slaves between 1820 and 1860?
    Mississippi
  61. Where was tabacco cultivation important?
    Virginia, Maryland, and North Carolina
  62. Where was rice cultivation important?
    In certain areas of South Carolina and Georgia
  63. Which very profitable crop pushed owners to work their slaves very hard, under very difficult time and weather conditions?
    Sugarcane
  64. Which slave group had the highest status on the plantation?
    skilled slaves
  65. What themes did many black authors during the period emphasize?
    they emphasized slavery and the contradictions between it and American stated values
  66. What types of laws did Indiana, Michigan, Iowa, and Wisconsin pass regarding black citizens in their states?
    they banned all blacks from the state in their constitutions
  67. Why did black families often have boarders?
    for economic considerations, since they needed they money
  68. What were Frederick Douglass and other abolitionist leaders able to do to Mass. public schools?
    Desegregate the schools, including those in Boston by 1855

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