11.3 GA hereditary, congenital and developmental disorders and other abnormalities

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11.3 GA hereditary, congenital and developmental disorders and other abnormalities
2011-10-19 11:51:17
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11.3 GA tract pathological conditions: hereditary, congenital and developmental disorders and other abnormalities
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  1. atresia
    occlusion or nonexistence of normal body opening or tubular formation; may occur in anus, bile duct or esophagus
  2. cleft palate
    incomplete closure in midline of palate
  3. harelip
    cleft upper lip, so called because of resemblance to normal rabbit appearance
  4. megacolon
    abnormality of cats and dogs associated with loss of muscle function and dilation of colon
  5. achalasia
    failure to relax of smooth muscle fibers of GI tract
  6. achlorhydria
    absence of hydrochloric acid in gastric secretions
  7. anorexia
    lack of appetite
  8. ascites
    accumulation of fluid in abdominal cavity
  9. cachexia
    generalized poor nutrition
  10. calculus, calculi
    formation of stone (plural)
  11. cholelithiais
  12. chylous ascites
    accumulation of chyle in peritoneal cavity resulting from thoracic duct obstruction
  13. cirrhosis
    liver disease with progressive destruction of liver cells
  14. colic
    acute, paroxysmal abdominal pain
  15. constipation
    sluggish bowel with difficult or incomplete evacuation
  16. crepitus
    flatulent discharge from bowel
  17. cribbing
    vice of horses in which solid object is grasped with incisor teeth, neck is arched and pulled back and air is swallowed
  18. dental caries
    destruction of enamel, dentin or cementum of tooth resulting in tooth decay and cavities
  19. diarrhea
    frequent discharge of abnormally liquid feces
  20. diverticulosis
    presence of pouches in intestines protruding through intestinal wall
  21. dyspepsia
  22. emesis
  23. enterolith
    stone in intestines
  24. eructation
  25. fecalith
    stonelike fecal mass
  26. fistula
    abnormal opening between two organs or between a hollow organ and body surface, commonly found in GI system
  27. gastralgia
    pain in stomach
  28. gastrolith
    stone in stomach
  29. halitosis
    bad breath
  30. hemoperitoneum
    escape of blood into peritoneal cavity
  31. hepatomegaly
    enlarged liver
  32. hernia
    protrusion of organ or part through its normal containing structures (also called ruture)
  33. hydrops
    abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissues or body cavity (also called dropsy)
  34. hyperchlorhydria
    excessive hydrochloric acid in gastric secretion
  35. hypercholia
    excessive bile secretion
  36. hyperglycemia
    abnormally high concentration of glucose in blood
  37. hyperinsulinism
    excessive pancreatic insulin secretion
  38. hypersplenism
    abormally increased hemolytic function of spleen
  39. hypervitaminosis
    condition caused by excessive ingestion of vitamins, especially A and D
  40. hypochlorhydria
    deficiency of hydrochloric acid in stomach
  41. hypoglycemia
    low blood glucose level
  42. hypovitaminosis
    disease caused by deficiency of one or more essential vitamins
  43. icterus
    jaundice; yellow discoloration of skin, sclera, mucous membranes and excretions
  44. ileus
    obstruction of intestines with colic, vomiting, fever and dehydration
  45. incontinence of feces
    inability to control fecal evacuation
  46. intussusception
    prolapse of portion of intestine into lumen of immediately adjacent portion
  47. jaundice
    icterus; yellowish tinge of skin, sclerae, and other tissues, with deposits of bile pigments in excretions
  48. malocclusion
    failure of proper closure of jaws because of malposition of teeth
  49. mucocele
    cyst or polyp containing mucus
  50. nausea
    sick sensation often resulting in vomiting
  51. obstipation
    extreme constipation caused by intestinal obstruction
  52. phytobezoar
    gastric mass composed of vegetable matter
  53. pica
    licking or eating foreign materials
  54. polydipsea
    extreme thirst
  55. polyphagia
    ravenous eating
  56. proctalgia
    pain in or near rectum and anus
  57. proctoptosis
    rectal prolapse
  58. pruritus ani
    chronic, intense itching of anal region
  59. pylorospasm
    spasm of pylorus of stomach
  60. rickets
    disorder caused by deficiency of vitamin D intake, chiefly affecting calcification of bones with resulting bending and deformation of bones
  61. scurvy
    disease resulting from vitamin C (ascorbic acid) deficiency; primates and guinea pigs susceptible
  62. splenomegaly
    enlarged spleen
  63. stenosis
    narrowing of opening or passage
  64. tenesmus
    painful, ineffective straining to defecate or urinate
  65. trichobezoar
    hair ball
  66. ulcer
    lesion on surface of mucous membrane or skin caused by disintegration of inflamed necrotic tissue
  67. volvulus
    intestinal obstruction caused by twisting of bowel
  68. vomiting
    forcible expulsion of gastric contents through mouth
  69. xerostomia
    dryness of the mouth caused by insufficient secretion of saliva