Northern Baroque

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Northern Baroque
2010-03-18 15:00:10
Northern Baroque

Northern Baroque
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  1. Karlskirche, 1715 by Fischer - Vienna

    • -comparable to St Maria del Salute, Venice
    • -both plague churches in Vienna, dedicated to Virgin
    • -in 1713, there was a plague in Veinna
    • -caused the commission of this church
    • -“Votive chuches” aka comes with a vo
    • -Charles VI vowed that if the plague would stop, he would build a great church
    • -North vs South
    • -named after the name saint of the emperor
    • -exterior is eclectic
    • -façade has one dome above it (not two like the Venice example)
    • -outside has two belltowers
    • -strangest things are the two columns, which are reminiscent of Trajan’s columns
    • -column and pediment decoration = plague
    • -juxtaposition between the dome and the tops of the columns
    • -suggested to represent the emblem of Charles VI (crown and two columns)
    • -references to Baroque Rome and St Peters.
    • Karlskirche Plan, 1715 by Fischer - Vienna
    • -enter the oval on the long axis
    • -pointed towards the high alter
    • -high altar and the Baldacchino in St. Peters
    • -bursts of rays and clouds, lit by hidden sources, with guilded rays
    • -areas for the royal family, hidden balconies and staircases just for their use
    • -Gesamtkunstwerk aka sculpture, architecture, painting etc.
  2. Imperial Library (Hofbibliothek), 1713 by Fischer - Vienna

    • -paraphernalia of knowledge on the roof
    • -tripartite design on interior and exterior
    • -3 pieces = various categories of human knowledges
    • -wunderkammer
    • -decoration = joy of knowledge
    • -interior:
    • -upper galleries of wood, ladders which go up to the top
    • -sinous movement, creates visual excitement
    • -libraries are a theme, especially in the North
    • -screensof columns forms chinographie pockets of knowledge on the roof
  3. St. Gall Monastery, Switzerland Library, 1758 by Peter Thumb - Switzerland

    • -Benedictine monastery
    • -famous library
    • -joy of knowledge
    • -color of woodwork
    • -color of paintings on ceiling
    • -wall of this has allegorical images
    • -marquetry floor, all original
    • -Gesamtkunstwerk
  4. Michaelskirche,1583 by unknown architect - Munich

    • -early italian architect most likely, brought in
    • -probably built for one of the militant orders, Jesuit church
    • -side chapels = characteristic of the Jesuit order
    • -allowed for smaller masses to be conducted
    • -simple nave, without marble and painted white
    • -jesuit sequence
    • -modest example of South
    • -acoustics
    • -perfect comparison to Gesu *floorplan*
  5. Weingarten Abbey, 1714 by Moosbrugger - Württemberg

    • -curved façade
    • -flanked by belltowers = baroque curves
    • -placed on a bluff = Baroque use of sitation
    • -relationship between the building and its surroundings
    • -built in fine local stone
    • -influence from Italy, Munich and Saltzburg
    • -façade has a sort of disconnection
    • -stands out from the rest of the building
    • -Interior
    • -the pulpit appears to float
    • -all the design elements fit into the notion of ‘gestuntswerk’
    • -high altar is located in the eastern end
    • -interest in metal work and wood work
    • -terrace, staircases, relationship with land like melk
    • -bulgingwestward facade
    • -two towers
    • -interior towards organ, important in Germany and german speaking lands
    • -furnishings are important, choir stalls, total work of art
    • -through sound, smell, a feeling of an assault on the senses
    • -very sensual architecture
    • -also appeals intellectually
    • -pilgrims, uneducated, totally bowled over
    • -possible comparison to Melk
  6. Weingarten Abbey plan, 1714 by Moosbrugger - Württemberg
  7. Rohr Abbey, 1717 by Cosmas Damian and Egid Quirin Asam - Bavaria

    • -hidden lighting from Bernini's time
    • -light coming in from secret places, etc.
  8. Fulda Cathedral, 1701 by Johann Dientzenhofer - Hesse

    • -town is the baroque city of baroque cities
    • -nice contrast from the periods between the buildings in terms of scale and how architecture has been conceived
    • -very old established building = Carolingian period
    • -existing church was leveled
    • -rebuilt it and took the opportunity to build a Piazza
    • -aka importance of Piazza in Rome
    • -darker stone, = North
    • -two belltowers at the front, concealing the dome behind them
    • -façade seems to disengage from the building behind it
    • -like the work of Fischer
    • -site of building aka any italian architect would have been proud to design
    • -balustrade all around a building laying in a bowl
    • -Northern in the westwork
    • -don't confuse with Sicily or volute in venice?
  9. Schloss Pommersfelden, 1711 by Johann Dientzenhofer - Bavaria
  10. Grand Staircase at Schloss Pomersfelden, 1716 by Hildebrandt - Bavaria

    • -very imposing central space in the middle of the design = giant staircase
    • -of the grandest ceremonial staircases
    • -imperial staircase, branches move away from each other and then meet in a central landing
    • -scenographic
    • -"takes the staircase cake"
    • -brought in by an outside architect, Hildebrandt
    • -interior, in addition to the staircase, has a series of galleries all the way around
    • -would have facilitated grand carriage entrances
    • -influence from Johann Balthasar Neumann's Würzburg Residence
  11. Daun-Kinsky Palace, 1713 by Hildebrandt - Vienna

    • -combines ideas of Palazzo architecture in Italy with new spicy, saucy ornamentation
    • -sculptural elements that add to inventiveness of Borromini rather than Fischer and the more conservative body
    • -fusions of the arts with architecture
    • -Gesamtkunstwerk
  12. Daun-Kinsky Palace, 1713 by Hildebrandt - Vienna

    • -profusion of strangely exotic forms
    • -downwards tapering pilasters
    • -detailed atlantis figurative sculptural elements
    • -continuation of the figurative motif from the exterior on interior
    • -very strong feeling for interior space, in particular staircases
    • -staircase winds its way up from floor to floor
    • -differentiates from Italian, Palazzo Rezzonico, is a more sculptural treatment
    • -opens up to painted sky with allegorical figurations
    • -uppermost gallery has purpose, servants quarters in attic
    • -big, bold, powerful message
  13. Daun-Kinsky Palace, 1713 by Hildebrandt - Vienna
  14. Upper Belvedere, 1721 by Hildebrandt - Vienna

    • -Eugene of Savoy, commander in chief of Austrian forces
    • -large statuary forms on windows
    • -"Whipped cream" ornamentation
  15. Upper Belvedere staircase, 1721 by Hildebrandt - Vienna

    • -marvellous staircase
    • -upper level has cupids wrestling with lapidare, became very popular
    • -room above is called the Kaisesalle, reserved for the emperor visit
    • -for all intensive purposes it looks italian
    • -has a fluidity about it that would have been impossible to carve in marble, carved in *shtookmar*
  16. Upper Belvedere entry hall, 1721 by Hildebrandt - Vienna

    -Atlas figures groaning under the weight of the building
  17. Melk Monastery, 1702 by Jacon Prandtauer - Austria

    • -overlooking Daunbe river
    • -Benedictine
    • -may not have had the same imperial power, but they had immense wealth from the fertility of the soil and the giant estates
    • -large budget
    • -one of the most spectacular sites any architect could imagine
    • -silhouette
    • -masterstroke in design of building was to take the west-work towers and move them back from the front of the building
    • -pulls facade back
    • -places 2 smaller buildings in front, Kaisesalle and corresponding building
    • housing a library
    • -both have access to rooftop terrace that provide panoramic views (first as
    • far as Du Prey is concerned)
    • -serlian opening pulls your eye up through it to the facade of the church
    • -site, curvaceousness, quite norther silhouette, all undeniably baroque
    • -interior:
    • -artificial marble, easily shaped and configured
    • -very fluid, "liquid baroque"
    • -lushness, guiding, etc all present
    • -over the top