Endocrine System

Card Set Information

Author:
mjchargu
ID:
110284
Filename:
Endocrine System
Updated:
2011-11-15 15:55:44
Tags:
Endocrine System
Folders:

Description:
Endocrine System
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user mjchargu on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. adrenal glands
    located next to each kidney, the adrenal cortex secretes steroid hormones
  2. steroid hormones
    regulate carbohydrate metabolism and salt water balance; some effect on sexual characteristics
  3. epinephrine
    affect sympathetic nervous system in stress response
  4. norepinephrine
    affect sympathetic nervous system in stress response
  5. ovaries
    located one on each side of the uterus in the female pelvis, functioning to secrete estrogen and progesterone
  6. estrogen
    responsible for the development of female secondary sex characteristics and the regulation of reproduction
  7. progesterone
    responsible for the development of female secondary sex characteristics and the regulation of reproduction
  8. pancreas
    located behind the stomach in front of the first and second lumbar vertebrae, functioning to secrete insulin and glucagon
  9. insulin
    regulate carbohydrate/sugar metabolism
  10. glucagon
    regulate carbohydrate/sugar metabolism
  11. parathyroid glands
    located on the posterior aspect of the thyroid gland in the neck, functioning to secrete parathyroid hormone (PTH)
  12. parathyroid hormone (PTH)
    regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism
  13. pineal gland
    located in the center of the brain, functioning to secrete melatonin and serotonin
  14. melatonin
    exact function unknown; affects onset of puberty
  15. serotonin
    a neurotransmitter that serves as the precursor to melatonin
  16. pituitary gland
    located at the base of the brain, the anterior pituitary secretes thyroid-stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotropic hormone, follicle-stimulting hormone, luteinizing hormone, melanocyte-stimulatinghormone, growth hormone, and prolactin; the posterior pituitary releases antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin
  17. testes
    located one on each side within the scrotum in the male, functioning to secrete testosterone
  18. testosterone
    affects masculinization and reproduction
  19. thyroid gland
    located in front of the neck, functioning to secrete triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), and calcitonin
  20. exophthalmos
    protrusion of one or both eyeballs, often because of thyroid dysfunction or a tumor behind the eyeball
  21. glucosuria
    glucose (sugar) in the urine
  22. hirsutism
    shaggy; an excessive growth of hair especially in unusual places (e.g., a woman with a beard)
  23. hypercalcemia
    an abnormally high level of calcium in the blood
  24. hypoglycemia
    low blood sugar
  25. hyperkalemia
    an abnormally high level of potassium in the blood (kalium = potassium)
  26. hyponatremia
    low level of sodium ions in the blood
  27. hypersecretion
    abnormally increased secretion
  28. diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
    presence of an abnormal amount of ketone bodies (acetone, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetoacetic acid) in the blood and urine indicating an abnormal utilization of carbohydrates as seen in uncontrolled diabetes and starvation (keto = alter)
  29. metabolism
    all chemical processes in the body that result in growth, generation of energy, elimination of waste, and other body functions
  30. polydipsia
    excessive thirst
  31. polyuria
    excessive urination
  32. Cushing syndrome
    collection of signs and symptoms caused by an excessive level of cortisol hormone from any cause, such as a result of excessive production by the adrenal gland (often caused by a tumor), or more commonly as a side effect of treatment with glucocorticoid (steroid) hormones such as prednisone for asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus or other inflammatory diseases; symptoms include upper body obesity, facial puffiness (moon-shaped appearance), hyperglycemia, weakness, thin and easily bruised skin with stria (stretch marks), hypertension, and osteoporosis
  33. type 1 diabetes mellitus
    diabetes in which there is no beta cell production of insulin--the patient is dependent on insulin for survival
  34. type 2 diabetes mellitus
    diabetes in which the body produces insulin, but not enough, or there is insulinresistance (a defective use of the insulin that is produced)--the patient usually is not dependent on insulin for survival
  35. hyperinsulinism
    condition resulting from an excessive amount of insulin in the blood that draws sugar out of the bloodstream, resulting in hypoglycemia, fainting,and convulsions; often caused by an overdose of insulin or by a tumor of thepancreas
  36. pancreatitis
    inflammation of the pancreas
  37. hyperparathyroidism
    hypersecretion of the parathyroid glands, usually caused by a tumor
  38. acromegaly
    disease characterized by enlarged features, especially the face and hands, caused by hypersecretion of the pituitary hormone after puberty, when normal bone growth has stopped; most often caused by a pituitary tumor
  39. goiter
    enlargement of the thyroid gland caused by thyroid dysfunction, tumor, lack of iodine in the diet, or inflammation (goiter = throat)
  40. hyperthyroidism
    condition of hypersecretion of the thyroid gland characterized by exophthalmia, tachycardia, goiter, and tumor
  41. Grave's disease
    condition of hypersecretion of the thyroid gland characterized by exophthalmia, tachycardia, goiter, and tumor
  42. hypothyroidism
    condition of hyposecretion of the thyroid gland causing low thyroid levels in theblood that result in sluggishness, slow pulse, and often obesity
  43. myxedema
    advanced hypothyroidism in adults characterized by sluggishness, slow pulse, puffiness in the hands and face, and dry skin (myx = mucous)
  44. blood sugar (BS)
    measurement of the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood
  45. fasting blood sugar (FBS)
    measurement of blood sugar level after a fast of 12 hours
  46. post prandial blood sugar (PPBS)
    measurement of blood sugar level after a meal, commonly after 2 hours
  47. glucose tolerance test (GTT)
    measurement of the body's ability to metabolize carbohydrates by administering a prescribed amount of glucose after a fasting period, then measuring blood and urine for glucose levels every hour thereafter--usually for 4 to 6 hours
  48. antihypoglycemic
    drug that raises blood glucose
  49. antithyroid drug
    agent that blocks the production of thyroid hormones; used to treat hyperthyroidism
  50. hormone replacement
    drug that replaces a hormone deficiency (e.g., estrogen, testosterone, thyroid)
  51. hypoglycemic
    drug that lowers blood glucose (e.g., insulin)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview