Pshychology

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Anonymous
ID:
11029
Filename:
Pshychology
Updated:
2010-03-21 19:57:42
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psych
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Description:
Chapter 10-12
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  1. the input, storage, and retrieval of what has been learned or experienced
    memory
  2. the transforming of information so that the nervous system can process it
    encoding
  3. the process by which information is maintained over a period of time
    storage
  4. the process of obtaining information that has been stored in memory
    retrieval
  5. very brief memory storage immediately following initial stimulation of a receptor
    sensory memory
  6. memory that is limited in capacity to about seven times and in duration by the subjects active rehearshal
    short- term memory
  7. a system for remembering that involves repeating information to oneself without attemting to find meaning in it
    maintenance rehearshal
  8. being able to remember the first four or five items in a list
    primacy effect
  9. being able to remember the last four or five items in a list
    recency effect
  10. knowledge of language. Including its rules, words, and meanings.
    semantic memory
  11. chronologicval retention of events of one's life
    episodic memory
  12. stored knowledge that can be called conciously as needed
    declarative memory
  13. permanent storage of learned skills that does not require concious recollection
    procedural memory
  14. memory retrieval in which a person identifies an object, idea, or situation as one he or she has or has not experienced before
    recognition
  15. memory retrieval in which a person constructs previously learned material
    recall
  16. the alteration of a recalled memory that may be simplified, enriched, or distorted, depending on an individuals experiences, attitudes, or inferences.
    reconstructive processes
  17. the act of filling in memory gaps
    confabulation
  18. conceptual framework a oerson has to make sense of the world
    schemas
  19. the ability to remember with great accuracy visual information on the basis of short-term exposure
    eidetic memory
  20. fading away of memory overtime
    decay
  21. blockage of a memory by previous or subsequent memories or loss of a retrieval cue
    inference
  22. the linking of new information to material that is already known
    elaborative rehearsal
  23. techniques for using associations to memorize and retrieve information
    mnemonic devices
  24. changing and reorganizing the information stored int eh memory to create new information
    thinking
  25. a visual, mental representation of an event or object
    image
  26. an abstract unit of thought that represents an object or quality, anything that stands for or represents something else
    symbol
  27. a label for a class of objects or events that have at least one attribute in common
    concept
  28. a representation example of a concept
    prototype
  29. a statement of relation between two concepts
    rule
  30. the awarness of or thinking one's own cognitive processes
    metacognition
  31. a step by step procedure for solving a problem
    algorithm
  32. a rule of thumn problem solving strategy
    heuristic
  33. a habitual strategy or pattern of problem solving
    mental set
  34. the inability to imagine new uses for familiar objects
    functional fixedness
  35. the capacity to use information and or abilities in new and original ways
    creativity
  36. the ability to overcome rigidty, to remain open to alternate strategies
    flexible
  37. rearranging the elements of a problem to arrive at an original solution
    recombination
  38. the apparent sudden realization of the solution to a problem
    insight
  39. the expression of ideas through symbols and sounds that are arranged according to rules
    language
  40. an individual sound that is a basic structural element of language
    phoneme
  41. the smallest unit of meaning in a given language
    morpheme
  42. language rules that govern how words can be combined to form meaniful phrases and sentences
    syntax
  43. the study of how meaning in language
    semantics
  44. an internal state that activates behavior and directs it toward a goal
    motivation
  45. innate tendencies that determine behavior
    instincts
  46. biological or psychological requirement of an organism
    need
  47. state of tension produced by a need that motivates an organism toward a goal
    drive
  48. the tendency of all organisms to correct imbalances and deviations from their normal states
    homeostasis
  49. an external stimulus, reinforcer, or reward that motivates behavior
    incentive
  50. enganging in activities that either reduce biological needs or help us obtain external incentives
    extrinstic motivation
  51. enganging in activities because they are personally rewarding or because they fulfill our beliefs and expectations
    intrinsic motivation
  52. the part of the hypothalmus that produces hunger signals
    Lateral hypothalmus
  53. the part of the hypothalmus that can cause one to stop eating
    ventromedial hypothalmus ( VMH)
  54. biological drives that must be satisfied to maintain life
    fundamental needs
  55. the urge to belong and to give and receive love and the urge to acquire esteem
    psychological needs
  56. the pursuit of knowledge and beauty or whatever else is required for realization of ones unique potential
    self actualization needs
  57. set of complex reactions to stimuli involving subjective feelings physiological arousals and obervalble behavior
    emotion

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