Drug names Midterm I

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Author:
mik411
ID:
110295
Filename:
Drug names Midterm I
Updated:
2011-10-19 16:24:16
Tags:
alpha adrenergic beta
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Description:
sympathetic NS, Beta blocker, alpha blocker, Peripheral NS, Somatic NS
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  1. Ephedrine
    • Alpha-Adrenergic Drug
    • Appetite suppressant
  2. Epinephrine
    • Alpha-Adrenergic Drug
    • Beta 1 & 2 -Adrenergic Drug
    • Anaphylaxis
  3. Norepinephrine
    • Alpha-Adrenergic Drug
    • Neuro Transmitter
  4. Pseudoephedrine
    • Alpha-Adrenergic Drug
    • Nasal Decongestant
  5. Tetrahydrozoline
    • Alpha-Adrenergic Drug
    • Vasoconstrictor (contract BV)
  6. Metaproterenol
    • Beta 2 -Adrenergic Drug
    • Bronchodilator
  7. Albuterol
    • Beta 2 -Adrenergic Drug
    • Bronchodilator
  8. Salmeterol
    • Beta 2 - Adrenergic Drug
    • Bronchodilator
  9. Alpha-Adrenergic Drug
    • sympathomimetics
    • Contraction of smooth muscle
    • Sympathetic NS
  10. Beta-Adrenergic Drug
    • Stimulation of Heart: Beta1
    • Bronchodilation: Beta 2
    • Sympathetic NS
  11. Alpha-Adrenergic Blocking Drug
    • Inhibit/ block Sympathetic activity --> Vasodilation, Lowering BP
    • Treatment of Hypertension
    • Sympathetic NS
  12. Beta-Adrenergic Blocking Drug
    • Selective: only works on Beta 1
    • Non-selective: works both Beta 1&2
    • Sympathetic NS
  13. Doxazosin
    • Alpha-Adrenergic Blocking Drug
    • Decrease BP
  14. Parazosin
    • Alpha-Adrenergic Blocking Drug
    • Benign Prostate Hypertrophy
  15. Terazosin
    • Alpha-Adrenergic Blocking Drug
    • Benign Prostate Hypertrophy
  16. Labetalol
    • Non-selective Beta-Adrenergic Blocking Drug
    • Hypertention
  17. Propranolol
    • Non-selective Beta-Adrenergic Blocking Drug
    • Hypertension
  18. Atenolol
    • Selective Beta-1 Adrenergic Blocking Drug
    • Hypertension
  19. Metoprolol
    • Selective Beta-1 Adrenergic Blocking Drug
    • Hypertension
  20. What is the receptor in Parasympathetic NS?
    • Cholinergic Receptor - 3 types
    • Muscarinic Receptors
    • Nicotinic I Receptors
    • Nicotinic II Receptors (this is in Somcati NS)
  21. Cholinergic Drug
    • Parathympathomimetic
    • 2 types: Direct Acting Cholinergic Drug & Indirect acting Cholinergic Drug
  22. Direct Acting Cholinergic Drug
    • These drugs act like Acetylcholine (ACH)
    • Bind to the Muscarinic receptors
    • Stimulate the Parasympatheic NS
  23. Indirect acting Cholinergic Drug
    • These drugs inhibit Acetycholinesterase (enzyme to degrete ACH)
    • As a result, increase of accumulate ACH
  24. Anticholinergics
    • Parasympathetic NS
    • Compete against ACH --> prevent ACH to bind to the receptors
  25. Acetylcholine (ACH)
    • Direct-acting Cholinergic Drug
    • Miotic in cataract surgery
  26. Pilocarpine
    • Direct-acting Cholinergic Drug
    • Gluacoma
  27. Bethanechol
    • Direct-acting Cholinergic Drug
    • Urinary retention
  28. Pyridostigmine
    • Indirect-acting Cholinergic Drug
    • Myasthenia gravis
  29. Ambenonium
    • Indirect-acting Cholinergic Drug
    • Myasthenia gravis
  30. Edrophonium
    • Indirect-acting Cholinergic Drug
    • Myasthenia gravis
  31. Atropine
    • Anticholinergic Drug
    • increase hear rate
  32. Scopolamine
    • Anticholinergic Drug
    • Motion Sickness
  33. Dicyclomine
    • Anticholinergic Drug
    • GI disorders such as Ulcers, Colitis
  34. Ganglionic Stimulants
    • Nicorette
    • Nicoderm
  35. Ganglionic Blocker
    • block both ACH and Nicotine
    • interfere with both sympathetic and parasympathetic NS
    • Decrease heart rate
    • Increase vasodilation
  36. Succinylcholine
    • Depolarizing Blockers (Alters NicotinicII receptor)
    • Somatic NS - Peripherally Acting Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
  37. Tubocuramine
    • Non-depolarizing Blocker (Competitive to ACH, so that ACH cannot bind to the Nicotinic II receptors)
    • Somatic NS - Peripherally Acting Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
  38. Metocurine
    • Non-depolarizing Blocker (competitive to ACH)
    • Somatic NS - Peripherally Acting Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
  39. Pipecuronium
    • Non-depolarizing Blocker (competitive to ACH)
    • Somatic NS - Peripherally Acting Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
  40. Dentrolene
    • Direct Acting Skeletal Muscle Relaxants --> prevent the sckeletal muscle fibers from contracting
    • Somatic NS - Peripherally Acting Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
    • Only peripheralskeletal muscle relaxant given by PO (mouth)
  41. Baclofen
    • Centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxants (depressing the impulse conduction in spainal cord --> relax skeletal muscle
    • Somatic NS - Centrally Acting Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
    • Does NOT interfere with Nicotinic II reseptors or muscle fibers
  42. Cyclobenzaprine
    • Centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxants (depressing the impulse conduction in spinal cord to relax skeletal muscle
    • Somatic NS - Centrally Acting Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
    • Does NOT interfere with Nicotinic II receptors or muscle fibers
  43. Methocarbamol
    • Centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxant (depresses the impulse conduction to relax skeletal muscle)
    • Somatic NS - Centrally Acting Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
    • Do NOT interfere with Nicortinic II receptors or muscle fibers
  44. Carisoprodol
    • Somatic NS - Centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxant (depressed the impule conduction to relax skeletal muscle)
    • Do NOT interfere with Nicotinic II receptors or muscle fibers

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