HIS MID 2

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kcosen01
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110326
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HIS MID 2
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2011-10-19 19:03:23
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HIS MID
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IMPERIUM
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  1. Conquest of Italy
    Veii - Tarentum, 396 - 272 BC
  2. Conquest of Western Mediterranean
    Punic Wars
  3. Conquest of Eastern Mediterranean
    • - alexander the great's empire, all separate kingdoms
    • - 146: capture of both carthage and corinth
  4. Roman Empire
    • 27 BC
    • the land (ancient meaning)
    • political structure
  5. provincia
    a new territory conquered
  6. first provincia
    • Sicily, 241 BC acquired in the 1st punic war
    • - sent a governor to sicily because it was so far
  7. romanization
    • - gradual process
    • - acculturation, integration, spontaneous process
    • - assimilation of defeated populations by the Romans
    • -"becoming Roman"
    • - latin spread
    • - roman army needs soldiers
  8. proletarians
    - couldnt serve in the Roman army because they didnt have any money, needed money to buy shields and military equipment
  9. Marius
    • - first consul
    • - let the proletariats into the army, we need to pay them, provide them with food and protection
    • - army became professional under him
    • - 107 BC
  10. liberti
    a freed slave
  11. sesterii
    roman money
  12. social ladder
    • - senitorial class
    • - knights
    • - municipal elites
    • - plebs
    • - infima plebs (free proliteriat)
    • - liberti
  13. toga
    official garment of the Senate
  14. roman temples
    • - built on a high platform
    • - not touching the ground, showing its a sacred building
    • - templum: the area that is dedicated to a diety, area to perform a ceremony
  15. types of columns
    • - 3
    • - doric
    • - ionic
    • - corinthian
  16. optimates
    • - conservative party
    • - trying to protect the previous Senatorial class
    • - kept the wealth within
    • - did not want anything to do with the people of Rome (Sulla supporters)
  17. populares
    • - Senators that actively sought out support from the people of Rome (support Caesar and Marius)
    • - common people. Roman people were happy that Caesar became dictator
  18. Iulius
    gens of Caesar
  19. Second Triumvirate
    - Octavian, Marcus, Lepidus, Mark Antony
  20. temple of Caesar
    built in front of Regia
  21. 42 BC
    Caesar becomes a divine figure
  22. Mark Antony
    • - close friend of Caesar
    • - good military leader
    • - had the legal power of Rome after the death of Caesar
    • - broke the Roman traditions for Cleopatra and Egypt
  23. Caesar v. Pompey
    49 - 45 BC
  24. Triumvirs v. Killers
    42 BC
  25. Octavian v. Antony
    31 BC
  26. when do cleopatra and mark antony commit suicide
    30 BC
  27. Divi Filius
    • octavian: divine son
    • - minted coins with this phrase
  28. princeps
    • "the first head"
    • - Augustus
  29. Augustus
    • - formerly Octavian
    • - adoptive son of JC
    • - creator of the Roman Empire
    • - his name means revered one
  30. temple of Janus
    • - any time there was a war the doors must be kept open
    • - Octavian closed these doors, no more civil wars
  31. 53 BC
    • - rioting in Rome
    • - no consuls elected before July
    • - Crassus is defeated and killed
  32. 52 BC
    • - more disorder in Rome
    • - Senate house is burned down
    • - Pompey is the only consul
  33. 50 BC
    • Optimates attack on Caesar
    • tribunes leave rome
  34. 49 BC
    • - Caesar crosses the Rubicon, river in north italy
    • - marches into Rome
    • - caesar becomes dictator
  35. 48 BC
    • - Caesar consul II
    • - goes to greece to defeat pompey's army
    • - pompey is killed in Egypt
    • - makes cleopatra queen of Egypt
  36. 47 BC
    Caesar dictator for second time
  37. 46 BC
    • Caesar is consul III
    • he is appointed dictator for 10 years
    • **calendar reform 365 days (july-julius)
  38. 45 BC
    • Caesar is dictator for a third time
    • defeats last roman republic resistance
  39. 44 BC CRUICIAL YEAR
    • Caesar and Mark Antony are consuls
    • Feb 14th: Caesar is appointed dictator for life
    • March 15th: Ides of March, caesar is murdered by Brutus, Cassius, and conspirators in the name of the republic
    • March 20th: public funeral of Caesar
    • end of April: Octavian returns from Greece, Antony is his rival
  40. 43 BC
    • - formation of the 2nd Triumvirate
    • - Antony, Octavian, Lepidus
  41. 42 BC
    • - JC becomes a God
    • - brutus and cassius defeated and commit suicide
  42. 41-40 BC
    Perusine War, Antony marries Octavia
  43. 37 BC
    - pact of tarentum: triumvirate renewed, antony marries cleopatra
  44. 36 BC
    - Octavian granted tribunician sacrosanctitas (powers)
  45. 33 BC
    - end of 2nd triumvirate, octavian becomes consul II
  46. 32 BC
    • - Octavian publishes Antony's will in Rome, his allegience is broken bc antony's marriage is broken
    • - WAR DECLARED ON CLEO
  47. 31 BC
    • - Octavian consul III
    • - Octavian defeats Antony in naval battle in greece
  48. 30 BC
    • - antony and cleo comit suicide
    • - egypt becomes a roman province
  49. 29 BC
    • - doors of temple of janus are closed
    • - civil wars ended
  50. 28 BC
    • - census by oct and agrippa
    • - princeps senatus is given to octavian
    • - first man of the Senate
  51. 27 BC
    • - oct tries to give his powers back/
    • - senate gives them and more to him
    • - becomes augustus
  52. 23 BC
    - augustus gets tribunicia potestas
  53. 19 BC
    - aug granted more powers
  54. 17 BC
    celebration of secular games
  55. 12 BC
    pontifex maximus
  56. 2 BC
    pater patriae - father of the fatherland

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