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Describe the three stages of childbirth
first stage is the longest. this is where labor begins and transition occurs. 2nd stage is when the baby is born, head is seen at vaginal opening. 3rd stage is when the placenta and fetal membranes are delivered.
Do parents of premature babies provide care tha tis as good as the care parents tend to provide to full term babies, explain.
Born to soon; babies seem not interested and parents provide inferior care/less care/too much care-not good fro baby's long term development. Parents feel alienated from baby.
What are the sequences of physical development?
- Cephalocaudal, head develops first then the body follows
- Proximodistal, torso outward, limbs, fingers, legs to toes
- Differentiation, maturing of movement. from less refined to more purposfull.
What is object permanence?
when a child recognizes that people and objects continue to exist even when the child cannot see them
Describe three characteristics of infant-directed speech
- -It is spoken more slowly
- -Y sound is frequently added to end of words
- -Adults tend to repeat sentences several times
Less oxygen that is required
What is the test called that assess neonates?
- The APGAR test
infants turn their head and mouth in direction of stroking cheek
babies fan their toes when under foot is stroked
the tendency of growth rated to return to normal pattern after undergoing enviromentally induced change
oblong area of hindbrain involved in heartbeat and respiration (part of brain stem)
largest mass of the forebrain, consists of 2 hemispheres
(little brain) maintains balance and muscle coordination. body sensations
What is involved in motor development
development of hand skills is an example of what?
3 to 4 months fingers clumsily against palm
tendency to perceive objects as the same even though the sensations produced by them may differ
spans from birth to age two. infants learn to coordinate sensory info. and motor activity, and act purposefully on their environments and sove problems.
development of cognitive processes such as thinking, knowing, and remembering
the knowledge that objects exist independent of one's perception or action on them
Primary Circular Reaction
simple, repetitive acts centered on the infants own body
Secondary Circular Reaction
simple, repetitive acts that are centered on an external object
Tertiary Circular Reactions
infants discover new methods of solving problems or producing interesting results through active experimentation
view that language learning involves an interaction between enviromental influences and an inborn tendency to acquire language.