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what are three basic emotions reactions to social class according to nancy davis of DeuPauw university?
what is income?
economic gain attained by wages, salaries and income transfers from government
what is wealth?
accumulated assets of goods such as buildings, land, farms, house etc
what is a persons net worth?
difference between all debts and assets
the richest 10% of canadian families control ___% of wealth in society while the bottom half control __% of wealth
in regard to child poverty what is canada ranked of the 23 nations?
about how many children are living in poverty?
what does christopher sarlo belive about poverty in canada?
exaggerate level of poverty and confuse it with lacking access to middle class things
what is absolute poverty?
inability to have basic neccessities of life
what is relative poverty?
inability to have average standard of living. deprived relative to others
what are some consequences of relative poverty?
- delay vocab development
- poor health, hygiene, nutrition
- low school achievement
- behavioural problems-crime
- low housing standards
- more likely to be poor later on
in 2003 ___% of single parent females under age 25 were considered poor
what is difference between open and closed stratification?
open stratification you can move up and down economic ladder while close you cant change social staus, it has already been set
what is the difference between ascribed and achieved status?
ascribed status you are born with and cant change which can limit opportunites. eg skin color, sex. While achieved status you have ability to change social status
explain about Davis and Moore's structural functionalism
- -society held together by consensus and shared values
- inequality functional for society
- eliminating inequality would be harmful
- inequality is functioal and neccessary
- believed me lived in meritocracy
what is meritocracy?
everyone has equal chances to compete for higher postions , most capable acheive highest rank
what is social mobility?
those who are more qulaified move up replacing the less qualified making them move down
karl marx-conflict theory
- two groups: have and have nots
- social relationships to the means of production refer to people position in society
- proletariat exploited and experience alienation
- surplus calue is amount appropriated by bourgeoisie
what is the law of accumulation (karlmarx)?
- as bourgeoisie have more wealth, proleteriat will eventually have no money to purchase goods.
- capitalism will end b/c of law of accumulation
what are the different classes that Marx talked about?
- bourgeoisie-dont have have work for a living
- petite bourgeoisie-small bussiness owners, marx thought this class would be eliminated
- proletariat-working class, exchanged labor for wages
- limpen proletariat-lowest of low, drunk and homeless...
Erik Ohlin Wright- Conflict Thoery
- more then two classes in capitalist societies based on:
- -control means of production
- purchase of the labour of others
- control labour of others
- sale of one's labour
explain different classes that wright talked about:
- managerial-control workplace
- smalle bussiness class
- working class
what are some similarities in classes of Marx and Wright?
- capitalist class-bourgeoisie
- small bussiness class- petite bourgeoisie
- working class- proletariat
max weber- conflict theory
- ownership property was detrement of power
- bureaucratic capitalist societ would increase
- many factors explain social stratification
- inequlaity will continue
- multidimensional approach to social stratification including class, status and party
- 1.liberal feminism: female not equal say
- concerned about laws and rules
- 2.radical feminism: women always inferior to males
- 3:socialist feminism:capitalist (patriarchy)
- women do alot of unpaid work
- postmodern feminism:next generation of workers
- mass media= power
- micro level concerns
- how individuals experience social class
- deference: less wealthy will show respect to more wealthy
who are the working poor?
those employed in low wage jobs
what is LICO?
low income cutoff (powerty line)