Nineteenth Century 1

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Nineteenth Century 1
2011-10-19 23:23:39
art history

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    • Artist: Jaques Louis David
    • Title: The Oath of Horatii
    • Date: 1784
    • Style/Movement: Neo-Classical
    • -Roman soldiers swear to die for their country while wives and sister mourn.
    • -Comissioned by King of France, made in Rome
    • -luxury of the aristocracy and pro-patriotism
    • -writings of J.J. Winckelmann and discovery of Pompeii makes Greek/Roman classical (450) bce the ideal.
    • -proportion and geometric ordering (Polyklitus)
    • Artist: David
    • Title: Belasarius Begging for Alms
    • Date: 1781
    • Style/Movement: Neo-Classical
    • - During French Revolution, social political content
    • -Young soldeir is shocked at the image of the older fallen soldier begging for money, could be him
    • -Shows glory of youth, mercy
    • -Belisarius was a Byzantine general defeated Vandals in N. Africa, later blinded by emperor and reduced to begging
    • Artist: David
    • Title: Death of Socrates
    • Date: 1787
    • Style: Neo-Classical
    • -recto-linear composition
    • -references Raphael's school of Athens (pointing up) and sistine chapel David (hand out)
    • -Idealized figure, moral content focusing on revolutionary theme of Republic and self-sacrifice, moving away from Rococco portrayal of aristocracy.
    • -intimate rococco setting changes to hard lines, and geomertry, roman/greek idealization
    • Artist: David
    • Title: Death of Marat
    • Date: 1793
    • Style/Movement: Neo-classical
    • - Murdered by Charlotte Corday, blaming him for the death of her father at the September Massacres
    • -soaked in tub because of skin condition, go-to person during revolutuion
    • -philosopher and political theorist, martyred in composition, gesture similar to pieta, cloth like a halo
    • - dark cool colors, rectilinear
    • Artist: David
    • Title: Napoleon Crossing the Alps
    • Date: 1800
    • Stlyle: Neo-Classical
    • -David becomes court painter for Napoleon's Imperialistic rule
    • -Heroic image: monumentalized above other
    • figures, gesture shows that he is leading the charge, a cool red that draws the eye directly.
    • -wind movement pushes figures foreward, diagonals, contrast b/w horse and stoic Napoleon
    • -Charlemagne, Hannibal, Bonaparte on stone
    • Artist: Canova
    • Title: Pauline Borghese (Bonaparte)as Venus/ Venus Vitrix
    • Date: 1805
    • Stlyle: Neo-Classical Sculpture
    • Artist: Houdon
    • Title: Seated Voltaire
    • Date: 1780
    • Style: Neo-classical
    • Artist: Antoine Houdon
    • Title: Bust Portrait of Diderot
    • Date: 1771
    • Style: Neo-Classical
    • -One of the most important writers of the
    • Enlightenment, responsible for creating art criticism, first to write and publish critiques of works in early salons
    • -Salons at the time was controlled by the state
    • and government regulation, started public discussion of the works that were put in salons
    • Artist: Antoine Houdon
    • Title: George Washington
    • Date: 1796
    • Style: Neo-Classical
    • -contrapastto, idealized form, heroic

    • Artist: Warpole
    • Title: Strawberry Hill, (interior/ exterior)
    • Date: 1776
    • Style:Gothic/Neo-Classical
    • Artist: Benjamin West
    • Title: Death of General Wolfe
    • Date: 1770
    • Style: Neo-Classical
    • -
    • Artist: John Singleton Copely
    • Title: Watson and the Shark
    • Date: 1778
    • Style: Romantic
    • -First well known American artist
    • -Depicts the rescue of Brook Watson from a shark attack in Havanna, Cuba