Med Term Quiz4

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cbweathers
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110475
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Med Term Quiz4
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2011-10-26 15:42:42
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Chapter 10 Med Term Quiz4
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Musculoskeletal System
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  1. Appendage
    Any body part attached to a main structure
  2. Articulation
    Place of union between two or more bones; also called joint
  3. Cancellous
    Spongy or porous structure, as found at the ends of long bones
  4. Cruciate ligaments
    Ligaments that cross each other forming an X within the notch between the femoral condyles
  5. Hematopoiesis
    Production and development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow
  6. Adduction
    Moves closer to the midline (body)
  7. Abduction
    Moves away from the midline (body)
  8. Flexion
    Decreases the angle of a joint
  9. Extension
    Increases the angle of a joint
  10. Rotation
    Moves a bone around its own axis
  11. Pronation
    Turns the palm down
  12. Supination
    Turns the palm up
  13. Inversion
    Moves the sole of the foot inward
  14. Eversion
    Moves the sole of the foot outward
  15. Dorsiflexion
    Elevates the foot
  16. Plantar flexion
    Lowers the foot (points the toes)
  17. Ankylosis
    Abnormal condition of stiffness
  18. Arthritis
    Inflammation of a joint
  19. Kyphosis
    Abnormal condition of a humpback posture
  20. Laminectomy
    Excision of the lamina
  21. Lordosis
    Abnormal condition of a swayback posture
  22. Myelocyte
    Bone marrow cell
  23. Orthopedist
    Specialist in treatment of musculoskeletal disorders
  24. Osteoma
    Tumor composed of bone
  25. Pedograph
    Instrument for recording the foot
  26. Pedicure
    Care of feet
  27. Scoliosis
    Abnormal bending of the spine
  28. Thoracodynia
    Pain in the chest
  29. Acromial
    Pertaining to the acromion
  30. Brachialgia
    Pain in the arm
  31. Calcaneodnia
    Pain in the heel
  32. Carpoptosis
    Wrist drop
  33. Cephala
    Toward the head
  34. Cervicodynia
    Pain in the neck; also called cervical neuralgia
  35. Clavicular
    Pertaining to the clavicle
  36. Costectomy
    Excision of a rib
  37. Craniotomy
    Incision of the cranium
  38. Dactylitis
    Inflammation of fingers or toes
  39. Femoral
    Pertaining to the femur
  40. Fibulocalcaneal
    Pertaining to the fibula and calcaneus
  41. Humeroscapular
    Relating to the humerus and scapula
  42. Iliopelvic
    Pertaining to the iliac area of the pelvis
  43. Ischiodynia
    Pain in the ischium
  44. Lumbodynia
    Pain in the lumbar region of the back; aslo called lumbago
  45. Metacarpectomy
    Excision of metacarpal bone(s)
  46. Metatarsalgia
    Pain in the metatarsus
  47. Patellectomy
    Removal of the patella
  48. Pelvimetry
    Act of measuring the pelvis
  49. Pelvic
    Pertaining to the pelvis
  50. Phalangectomy
    Excision of phalanges
  51. Podiatry
    Treatment of the feet
  52. Pubococcygeal
    Pertaining to the pubis and the coccyx
  53. Radial
    Pertaining to the radius
  54. Spondylitis
    Inflammation of the vertebrae
  55. Intervertebral
    Relating to the area between two vertebrae
  56. Sternad
    Toward the sternum
  57. Tibiofemoral
    Pertaining to the tibia and femur
  58. Leiomyoma
    Tumor of smooth muscle
  59. Muscular
    Pertaining to muscles
  60. Myoma
    Tumor of muscle (tissue)
  61. Rhabdoid
    Resembling a rod
  62. Rhabdomyoma
    Tumor composed of striated muscular tissue
  63. Chondritis
    Inflammation of cartilage
  64. Fascioplasty
    Surgical repair of fascia
  65. Fibroma
    Tumor of fibrous tissue
  66. Synovectomy
    Removal of a synovial membrane
  67. Tenodesis
    Surgical binding or fixation of a tendon
  68. Tendoplasty
    Surgical repair of a tendon
  69. Myasthenia
    Weakness of muscle (and abnormal fatigue)
  70. Myoblast
    Embryonic cell that develops into muscle
  71. Osteoclasia
    Surgical fracture of a bone
  72. Osteclast
    Cell that breaks down bone
  73. Arthrodesis
    Binding together of a joint
  74. Chondromalacia
    Softening of cartilage
  75. Epiphysis
    Growth upon (the end of a long bone)
  76. Osteoporosis
    Porous bone
  77. Arthroscopy
    Visual examination of a joint
  78. Atrophy
    Without nourishment
  79. Dystrophy
    Disorder caused by defective nutrition or metabolism
  80. Subpatellar
    Pertaining to below the patell
  81. Supracostal
    Pertaining to above the ribs
  82. Syndactylism
    Condition of joined fingers or toes
  83. Ankylosis
    Stiffening and immobility of a joint as a result of disease, trauma, surgery, or abnormal bone fusion
  84. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
    Painful condition resulting from compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel (wrist canal through which the flexor tendons and the median nerve pass)
  85. Claudication
    Lameness, limping
  86. Contracture
    Fibrosis of connective tissue in the skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that preents normal mobility for the related tissue or joint
  87. Crepitation
    Dry, grating sound or sensation cuased by bone ends rubbing together, indicating a fracture or joint destruction
  88. Electromyography
    Use of electrical stimulation to record the strength of muscle contraction
  89. Exacerbation
    Increase in severity of a disease or any of its symptoms
  90. Ganglion cyst
    Tumor of tendon sheath or joint capsule, commonly found in the wrist
  91. Hemarthrosis
    Effusion of blood into a joint cavity
  92. Hypotonia
    Loss of muscular tone or a diminished resistance to passive stretching
  93. Multiple myeloma
    Primary malignant tumor that infiltrates the bone and red bone marrow
  94. Osteophyte
    Bony outgrowth that occasionally develops on the vertebra and may exert pressure on the spinal cord also called bone spur.
  95. Phantom limb
    Perceived sensation, following amputation of a limb, that the limb still exists
  96. Prosthesis
    Replacement of a missing part by an artificial substitute, such as an artificial extremity
  97. Rickets
    Form of osteomalacia in children cuased by vitamin D deficincy; also called rachitis
  98. Sequestrum
    Fragment of necrosed bone that has beomce separated from surrounding tissue
  99. Spondylolisthesis
    Any slipping (subluxation) of a vertebra from its normal position in relationship to the one beneath it
  100. Spondylosis
    Degeneration of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae and related tissues
  101. Sprain
    Tearing of ligament tissue that may be slight, moderate, or complete
  102. Strain
    To exert physical force in a manner that may result in injury, usually muscular
  103. Subluxation
    Partial or imcomplete dislocation
  104. Talipes equinovarus
    Congenital deformity of one or both feet in which the foot is pulled downward and laterally to the side; also called clubfoot
  105. Arthrography
    Series of readiographs taken after injection of contrast material into a joint cavity, especially the kneww or shoulder, to outline the contour of the joint
  106. Bone Density Tests
    Radiographic procedures that use low-energy x-ray absorption to measure bone minearl density (BMD)
  107. Computed Tomography (CT)
    Imaging technique that uses an x-ray beam and a computer to make a series of cross-sectional images of a body part, which together make up a three-dimensional view of the area scanned; formerly called computerized axial tomography (CAT).
  108. Discography
    Radiological examination of the intervertebral disk structures by injecting a contrast medium
  109. Lumbosacral Spinal Radiography
    Radiography of the five lumbar vertebrae and the fused sacral vertebrae, including anteroposterior, lateral, and oblique views of the lower spine.
  110. Myelography
    Radiography of the spinal cord after injection of a contrast medium to identify and study spinal distortions caused by tumors, cysts, herniated intervertebral disks, or other lesions
  111. Scintigraphy
    Nuclear medicine procedure that visualizes tissues and organs after administration of a radionuclide
  112. Bone
    Scintigraphy procedure in whiche radionuclide is injected intravenously and taken up into the bone
  113. Reduction
    Procedure that restores a bone to its normal position
  114. Closed Reduction
    Reduction procedure where fractured bones are realigned by manipulation rather than surgery
  115. Open Reduction
    Reduction procedure that treats bone fractures by placing the bones in their proper position using surgery.
  116. Casting
    Application of a solid, stiff dressing formed with plaster of Paris or other material to a body part to immobilize it during the healing process
  117. Splinting
    Application of an orthopedic device to an injured body part for immobilization, stabilization, and protection during the healing process
  118. Traction
    Use of weights and pulleys to align or immobilize a fracture and facilitate the healing process
  119. Amputation
    Partial or complete removal of an extremity due to trauma or circulatory disease
  120. Arthrocentesis
    Puncture of a joint space using a needle to remove accumulated fluid
  121. Arthroclasia
    Surgical breaking of an ankylosed joint to provide movement
  122. Arthroscopy
    Visual examination of the interior of a joint and its structures using a thin, flexible fiberoptic scope called an arthoscope that contains a magnifying lens, fiberoptic light, and miniature camera that projects images on a monitor
  123. Bone Grafting
    Implanting or transplanting bone tissue from another part of the body or from another person to serve as replacement for damaged or missing bone tissue
  124. Bursectomy
    Excision of bursa (padlike sac or cavity found in connective tissue, usually in the vicinity of joints)
  125. Laminectomy
    Excision of the posterior arch of a vertebra
  126. Revision Surgery
    Surgery repeated to correct problems of a previously unsuccessful surgery or to replace a worn out prothesis
  127. Bone Revision Surgery
    Revision surgery are often required to correct bone infection, misalignments of bones, broken prosthesis, and fractures of the bone around the prostheses.
  128. Sequestrectomy
    Excision of a sequestrum (segment of necrosed bone)
  129. Synovectomy
    Excision of a synovial membrane
  130. Total Hip Replacement
    Surgical procedure to replace a hip joint damaged by a denerative disease, commonly arthritis
  131. Calcium Supplements
    • Treat and prevent hypocalcemia
    • Over-the-counter calcium supplements are numerous and are contained in many antacids as a secondary therapeutic effect. They are used to prevent osteoporosis when normal diet is lacking adequate amounts of calcium
    • Calcium Carbonate (Calci-Mix, Tums)
    • Calcium Citrate (Cal-Citrate 250, Citracal)
  132. Gold Salts
    • Treat rheumatoid arthritis by inhibiting activity within the immune system
    • Contain actual gold in capsules or in solution for injection. This agent prevents further disease progression but cannot revers past damage.
    • Auranofin (Ridaura)
    • Aurothioglucose (Solganal)
  133. Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
    • Decrease pain and suppress inflammation
    • NSAIDs are used to treat acute musculoskeletal conditions, such as sprains and strains, and inflammatory disorders, including rhematoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, bursitis, gout, and tendinitis
    • Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)
    • Naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn)
  134. Salicylates
    • Relieve mild to moderate pain and reduce inflammation
    • Salicylates have anit-inflammatory abilities and alleviate pain. Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is the oldest drug in this classification that is used to treat arthritis
    • Aspirin (Acuprin, Aspergum, Bayer Aspirin)
    • Magnesium Salicylate (Magan, Mobidin)
  135. Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
    • Relieve muscle spasms and stiffness
    • These drugs are also prescribed for muscle spasms due to multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, cerebral palsy, and stroke
    • Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril)
    • Methocarbamol and Aspirin (Robaxin)
  136. ACL
    Anterior Cruciate Ligament
  137. AE
    Above the Elbow
  138. AK
    Above the knee
  139. BE
    Barium Enema; Below the Elbow
  140. BK
    Below the Knee
  141. C1, C2, and so on
    First cervical vertebra, second cervical vertebra, and so on
  142. Ca
    Calcium; Cancer
  143. CDH
    Congenital Dislocation of the Hip
  144. CTS
    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  145. CT
    Computed Tomography
  146. DEXA, DXA
    Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry
  147. DJD
    Degenerative Joint Disease
  148. EMG
    Electromyography
  149. Fx
    Fracture
  150. MG
    Myasthenia Gravis
  151. HD
    Hemodialysis; HipDisarticulation; Hearing Distance
  152. HNP
    Herniated Nucleus Pulposus (Herniated Disk)
  153. HP
    Hemipelvectomy
  154. IS
    Intracostal Space
  155. IM
    Intramuscular; Infections Mononucleosis
  156. IV
    Intravenous
  157. KD
    Knee Disarticulation
  158. L1, L2, and so on
    First lumbar vertebra, second lumbar vertebra, and so on
  159. LS
    Lumbosacral Spine
  160. MG
    Myasthenia Gravis
  161. MRI
    Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  162. MS
    Musculoskeletal,; Multiple Sclerosis; Mental Status; Mital Stenosis
  163. NSAIDs
    Nonsteroidal Anit-Inflammatory Drugs
  164. ORTH, ortho
    Orthopedics
  165. P
    Phosphorous; Pulse
  166. PCL
    Posterior Cruciate Ligament
  167. RA
    Rhematoid Arthritis; Right Atrium
  168. RF
    Rheumatoid Factor; Radio Frequency
  169. ROM
    Range of Motion
  170. SD
    Shoulder Disarticulation
  171. THA
    Total Hip Arthroplasty
  172. THR
    Total Hip Replacement
  173. TKA
    Total Knee Arthroplasty
  174. TKR
    Total Knee Replacement
  175. TRAM
    Transverse Rectus Abdominis Muscle

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