Nineteenth Century 1

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Nineteenth Century 1
2011-10-20 01:29:17
art history

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    • Artist: Jaques Louis David
    • Title: The Oath of Horatii
    • Date: 1784
    • Style/Movement: Neo-Classical
    • -Roman soldiers swear to die for their country while wives and sister mourn.
    • -Comissioned by King of France, made in Rome
    • -luxury of the aristocracy and pro-patriotism
    • -writings of J.J. Winckelmann and discovery of Pompeii makes Greek/Roman classical (450) bce the ideal.
    • -proportion and geometric ordering (Polyklitus)
    • Artist: David
    • Title: Belasarius Begging for Alms
    • Date: 1781
    • Style/Movement: Neo-Classical
    • - During French Revolution, social political content
    • -Young soldeir is shocked at the image of the older fallen soldier begging for money, could be him
    • -Shows glory of youth, mercy
    • -Belisarius was a Byzantine general defeated Vandals in N. Africa, later blinded by emperor and reduced to begging
    • Artist: David
    • Title: Death of Socrates
    • Date: 1787
    • Style: Neo-Classical
    • -recto-linear composition
    • -references Raphael's school of Athens (pointing up) and sistine chapel David (hand out)
    • -Idealized figure, moral content focusing on revolutionary theme of Republic and self-sacrifice, moving away from Rococco portrayal of aristocracy.
    • -intimate rococco setting changes to hard lines, and geomertry, roman/greek idealization
    • Artist: David
    • Title: Death of Marat
    • Date: 1793
    • Style/Movement: Neo-classical
    • - Murdered by Charlotte Corday, blaming him for the death of her father at the September Massacres
    • -soaked in tub because of skin condition, go-to person during revolutuion
    • -philosopher and political theorist, martyred in composition, gesture similar to pieta, cloth like a halo
    • - dark cool colors, rectilinear
    • Artist: David
    • Title: Napoleon Crossing the Alps
    • Date: 1800
    • Stlyle: Neo-Classical
    • -David becomes court painter for Napoleon's Imperialistic rule
    • -Heroic image: monumentalized above other
    • figures, gesture shows that he is leading the charge, a cool red that draws the eye directly.
    • -wind movement pushes figures foreward, diagonals, contrast b/w horse and stoic Napoleon
    • -Charlemagne, Hannibal, Bonaparte on stone
    • Artist: Canova
    • Title: Pauline Borghese (Bonaparte)as Venus/ Venus Vitrix
    • Date: 1805
    • Stlyle: Neo-Classical Sculpture
    • Artist: Houdon
    • Title: Seated Voltaire
    • Date: 1780
    • Style: Neo-classical
    • Artist: Antoine Houdon
    • Title: Bust Portrait of Diderot
    • Date: 1771
    • Style: Neo-Classical
    • -One of the most important writers of the
    • Enlightenment, responsible for creating art criticism, first to write and publish critiques of works in early salons
    • -Salons at the time was controlled by the state
    • and government regulation, started public discussion of the works that were put in salons
    • Artist: Antoine Houdon
    • Title: George Washington
    • Date: 1796
    • Style: Neo-Classical
    • -contrapastto, idealized form, heroic

    • Artist: Warpole
    • Title: Strawberry Hill, (interior/ exterior)
    • Date: 1776
    • Style:Gothic/Neo-Classical
    • Artist: Benjamin West
    • Title: Death of General Wolfe
    • Date: 1770
    • Style: Neo-Classical
    • -
    • Artist: John Singleton Copely
    • Title: Watson and the Shark
    • Date: 1778
    • Style: Romantic
    • -First well known American artist
    • -Depicts the rescue of Brook Watson from a shark attack in Havanna, Cuba
    • Artist:Henry Fuseli
    • TItle:Titania and Bottom
    • Date: 1790
    • Style: Romantic
    • - scene from A Midsummer Nights Dream when Oberon casts a spell on his wife Titania to make her fall in love with Bottom
    • Artist: Black
    • Title: Red Dragon
    • Date: 1800
    • Style: English Romantic

    -part of a series of paintings of The Book of Revelation
    • Artist: Antoine Gros
    • Title: Napoleon at the Pest/Plague house at Jaffa
    • Date: 1804
    • Style: Neo-classical
    • -Gros was a student of David, succeeded him as the court painter of Napoleon
    • -atmosphere, surrounding area and people suggest they're soldiers in a foriegn land, Islamic arches and minaret
    • -light directed on Napoleon, heroic contrapasto, centralized
    • -opened the space since the sketch, gaurd is disgusted, contrast between Napoleon and officer, Napolean as fearless, chirst-like
    • -refers to Michaelangelo's last judgement, still rectilinear, idealized proportions even for the dying
    • Artist: Antoine Gros
    • Title: Battle of Nazarith
    • Date: 1801
    • Style: Neoclassical (transitional into romantic)
    • - Battle scene with emotion, direction, and color.
    • Artist: Anne-louis Girodet
    • Title: Sleep of Endymion
    • Date: 1791
    • Style: Neo-classical
    • -Homo-erotic themes exposing the throat (most erotic part of body), idealized the male nude as part of the classical traiditon
    • -Serena the moon goodess of classical myth casts a spell to make him sleep so she can gaze at him.
    • Artist: Anne-Louis Girodet
    • Title: Portrait of Jean Baptiste-Belley
    • Date: 1797
    • Style: Neo-classical
    • - New libertarian ideal formed assembly. The French of theperiod promised to outlaw slavery which
    • never happened as freedom came with too many conditions over time
    • - Shows Neoclassical cool tones, leaning against a Roman portraid portrait bust,rectilinear composition with hard edge, sensual posture leaning with one hip
    • thrust out, costumed, intentional erotic image emphasizing the crotch and the
    • thrust of the hip.
    • Artist: Fransisco Goya
    • Title: Family of Carlos IV
    • Date: 1800
    • Style: Spanish Romanticism
    • - Ghostly figure of the artist, facing a canvas,
    • referencing Las Meninas
    • -. Velasquez put himself on a higher influence in
    • his painting with the court and king and queen, Goya is doing the same.
    • -The court at Goya’s time were very corrupt and
    • ineffective, the queen seems very sure of herself, and was having an affair with the king unaware.
    • -. Blue figure will take the throne from his
    • parents himself, Napoleon takes over later and promises the king and queen. power but gives the rule to his brother.
    • Artist: Fransisco de Goya
    • Title: Third of May 1808
    • Date: 1814
    • Style: Spanish Romantic
    • -The peasants of the village were individually
    • killed by French troops. Killed for a rebellion, painting was considered revenge against the French.
    • -Goya’s most cinematic painting, emotional
    • momentum
    • Artist: Fransisco de Goya
    • Title: Caprichos
    • Date: 1799
    • Style: Spanish Romanticism
    • -80 etchings, First 40 are subject of human
    • nature, the rest are of a fantasy gothic element of devils etc.
    • -“The Sleep of Dreams(Reason) Produces Monsters”
    • -Posture is seated, pose is slouched over, legs
    • are crossed and torso is twisted,
    • leaning forward with his arms bent.
    • Artist: Fransisco de Goya
    • Title: Disasters of War
    • Date:1799
    • Style: Spanish Romantic
    • - a second series of etchings
    • Artist:: Fransisco de Goya
    • Title: Saturn Devouring one of his children
    • Date: 1823
    • Style: SPanish Romantic
    • -existentialist, saturn represents time, we are all eventually consumed by time