Lab Values

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Anonymous
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110641
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Lab Values
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2011-10-20 16:38:26
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Lab Values
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Lab Values
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  1. Metabolic Panel Diagram
  2. Blood Count Diagram
    
  3. Hematocrit Females
    37-47%
  4. Hematocrit Males
    42-52%
  5. Hemoglobin
    12-16 g/dL
  6. WBC
    5,000-10,0000
  7. Leukocytosis causes
    • Infection
    • Leukemia
    • Stress
  8. Leukopenia causes
    • Bone marrow failure
    • Drug toxicity
  9. Neutrophiles
    60-70%
  10. Lymphocytes
    25-33%
  11. Monocytes
    2-6%
  12. Eosinophils
    1-4%
  13. Basophils
    0.25-0.5%
  14. What makes up the "Diff"?
    • Nobody Likes My Educational Background
    • Neutrophils
    • Lymphocytes
    • Monocytes
    • Eosinophils
    • Basophils
  15. Platelets
    150,000-450,000
  16. Thrombocytosis
    Malignancy, polycythemia vera, stress
  17. Thrombocytopenia
    Hypersplenism, hemorrhage, immune reaction, virus
  18. MCV
    78-100
  19. MCHC
    31-37
  20. RBC count
    4.2-6
  21. Sodium
    136-145
  22. Hypernatremia
    Intake, Cushing's, GI loss without rehydration, sweating, burns
  23. Hyponatremia
    Decreased intake, Addison's dz, GI loss with rehydration
  24. Potassium
    3.5-5
  25. Hyperkalemia
    Increased intake, renal failure, crush injury, hemolysis, Addison's dz, hypoaldosteronism
  26. Hypokalemia
    Burns, GI disorders, diuretics
  27. Chloride
    90-110
  28. Hyperchloremia
    Dehydration, metabolic acidosis, cushings, kidney dysfunction
  29. Hypochloremia
    Overhydration, DIADH, CHF, vomiting
  30. HCO3
    25-30
  31. Bicarb elevation
    Severe vomiting, high volume gastric suctioning, aldosteronism
  32. Bicarb decrease
    Chronic diarrhea, loop diuretics, renal failure, diabetic ketoacidosis, starvation, metabolic acidosis
  33. BUN
    10-20
  34. BUN elevation
    Hypovolemia, shock, MI, sepsis, renal infection/failure
  35. BUN decrease
    Liver failure, overhydration
  36. Creatine Female
    0.5-1.1
  37. Creatine Male
    0.6-1.2
  38. Creatine Elevation
    Renal dz, rhabdomyelisis
  39. Creatine decrease
    Decreased muscle mass
  40. Glucose
    70-100
  41. Glucose elevation
    DM
  42. Glucose decrease
    Increased insulin, hypothyroidism, starvation
  43. Calcium
    8.4-10.2
  44. Hypercalcemia
    Hyperparathyroidism, mets to bone, hyperthyroidism
  45. Hypocalcemia
    Hypoparathyroidism, renal failure, Vit D def
  46. Amylase
    25-125
  47. Amylase elevation
    Pancreatitis, acute cholecystitis
  48. Amylase decrease
    NOTHING!
  49. Lipase
    0-140
  50. Lipase elevation
    Pancreatic dz, biliary dz
  51. AST/ALT
    5-40
  52. AST/ALT elevation
    • AST - MI, hepatitis, skeletal muscle trauma
    • ALT - Hepatitis, necrosis, ischemia, cirrhosis
    • AST/ALT ratio high - alcoholic liver dz
  53. Alk Phos
    42-128
  54. Alk Phos Elevation
    Primary cirrhosis, biliary obstruction, normal preg
  55. Alk Phos Decrease
    Hypophosphatemia, malnutrition
  56. Total bilirubin
    0.1-1mg/dL
  57. Albumin
    3.5-5.5
  58. Total protein
    6.0-8.0
  59. CRP
    <0.8
  60. ESR
    F <15, M<20
  61. Elevated CRP / ESR
    Non-specific
  62. Bleeding time
    1-9min
  63. PTT
    60-70 sec
  64. PT
    11-15 sec
  65. INR
    0.8-1.2
  66. D-Dimer
    <200
  67. PTT/PT monitoring for ___________
    Heparin
  68. INR monitoring for ____________
    Coumadin
  69. Total CK
    • F: 30-135
    • M: 55-170
  70. CK-MB
    0-8 (<5% of total CK)
  71. Troponin I
    <0.04
  72. Troponin T
    <0.2
  73. BNP
    <100
  74. BNP elevation
    CHF (remember to consider patient baseline)
  75. TSH
    2-10
  76. Hypothyroidism
    ELEVATED TSH
  77. Hyperthyroidism
    DECREASED TSH
  78. Total cholesterol
    <200
  79. LDL
    60-180
  80. HDL
    • F: >50-55
    • M: >40-45
  81. Triglycerides
    • F: 35-135
    • M: 40-160
  82. Elevated Triglycerides
    • <150 - Normal
    • 150-199 - Borderline high
    • 200-499 - High
    • >500 - Very High
  83. Anemia Panel Consists of _____________
    • Fe
    • TIBC
    • Fe Sat
    • Ferritin
    • Folate
    • Vit B12

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